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DENPH

Dental anthropology at the Pleistocene-Holocene transition – insights on lifestyle and funerary behaviour from Neolithic Liguria (Italy)

Total Cost €

0

EC-Contrib. €

0

Partnership

0

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 DENPH project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the DENPH project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "DENPH" about.

earlier    diet    lifestyle    150    questions    belief    theory    provenience    dentition    archaeology    disease    human    living    western    metric    comparisons    microct    bioarchaeological    host    complements    cemeteries    live    influenced    did    north    societies    offers    hunting    microadaptation    compare    ubx    moment    framework    later    ing    anthropology    labs    coast    3d    modern    involve    internal    neolithic    rite    holocene    transition    morphometrics    bp    genetic    changed    team    mainly    ecology    funerary    excellent    health    productive    classic    body    training    organization    pleistocene    structure    children    multidisciplinary    200    assemblage    theoretical    drift    shifted    external    sites    scanning    gathering    upper    dental    referenced    time    liguria    skeletal    geometric    spaces    italy    economy    inherently    stressful    times    caves    social    individuals    weaned    buried    palaeolithic    skeleton    biological    data    specialized    mesolithic    weaning    cross    purpose   

Project "DENPH" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
UNIVERSITE DE BORDEAUX 

Organization address
address: PLACE PEY BERLAND 35
city: BORDEAUX
postcode: 33000
website: www.nouvelle-univ-bordeaux.fr

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country France [FR]
 Project website https://burpph.wordpress.com/
 Total cost 173˙076 €
 EC max contribution 173˙076 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.3.2. (Nurturing excellence by means of cross-border and cross-sector mobility)
 Code Call H2020-MSCA-IF-2016
 Funding Scheme MSCA-IF-EF-ST
 Starting year 2017
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2017-05-01   to  2019-04-30

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    UNIVERSITE DE BORDEAUX FR (BORDEAUX) coordinator 173˙076.00

Map

 Project objective

The purpose of the proposed research is using dental anthropology to contribute to our understanding of lifestyle, societies, and belief systems at the Pleistocene-Holocene transition. This is a key moment of our past, during which we shifted from hunting-gathering to the production economy on which we still live. The project will mainly focus a large (150-200 individuals) Neolithic (8-4,000 BP) skeletal assemblage from Liguria (north-western coast of Italy). The research will also involve comparisons with other Neolithic, Mesolithic (10-8,000 BP), and Upper Palaeolithic (30-10,000) sites in Italy and Europe. A number advanced and classic methodologies in dental anthropology will be applied, including microCT analysis and 3D scanning, geometric morphometrics, and non-metric analysis. The resulting data about growth and development, diet, and disease, will be cross-referenced with information from the funerary rite. The research questions bioarchaeological, i.e. inherently multidisciplinary in methods and in the theoretical framework, taking advance of the body of theory of biological anthropology, human ecology, and (social) archaeology. In particular, we will investigate (1) the time of weaning in Neolithic children: was it more or less stressful than in earlier/later times? Were non-weaned children buried in living spaces with no rite? (2) how did dental external and internal structure changed with the Neolithic? Is it microadaptation or due to genetic drift? (3) how did growth and development of the dentition and the skeleton compare to modern times? (4) is the funerary rite influenced by biological parameters such as health, diet, provenience? Was there selection of the buried? Were Neolithic caves real cemeteries? The host organization, UBx, has an excellent and productive team of researchers specialized in dental anthropology, and offers advanced labs and specialized training, which complements the already excellent knowledge and potential of the Applicant.

 Publications

year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2019 V.S. Sparacello, C. Panelli, S. Rossi, I. Dori, A. Varalli, G. Goude, E. Starnini, P. Biagi
The re-discovery of Arma dell’Aquila (Finale Ligure, Italy): New insights on Neolithic funerary behavior from the sixth millennium BCE in the north-western Mediterranean
published pages: 67-81, ISSN: 1040-6182, DOI: 10.1016/j.quaint.2019.02.003
Quaternary International 512 2019-09-25
2019 Clark Spencer Larsen, Christopher J. Knüsel, Scott D. Haddow, Marin A. Pilloud, Marco Milella, Joshua W. Sadvari, Jessica Pearson, Christopher B. Ruff, Evan M. Garofalo, Emmy Bocaege, Barbara J. Betz, Irene Dori, Bonnie Glencross
Bioarchaeology of Neolithic Çatalhöyük reveals fundamental transitions in health, mobility, and lifestyle in early farmers
published pages: 12615-12623, ISSN: 0027-8424, DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1904345116
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 116/26 2019-09-25
2018 Marco Milella, Barbara J. Betz, Christopher J. Knüsel, Clark Spencer Larsen, Irene Dori
Population density and developmental stress in the Neolithic: A diachronic study of dental fluctuating asymmetry at Çatalhöyük (Turkey, 7,100-5,950 BC)
published pages: 737-749, ISSN: 0002-9483, DOI: 10.1002/ajpa.23700
American Journal of Physical Anthropology 167/4 2019-09-25
2018 Riga, Alessandro; Dori, Irene; Stéphanie, Vierin; Giovanni, Boschian; Carlo, Tozzi; Willman, John C.; Jacopo, Moggi-Cecchi
At the upper Palaeolithic - Mesolithic Boundary: revision of the human remains from Riparo Fredian (Molazzana, Lucca, Italy)
published pages: , ISSN: 2279-7327, DOI: 10.26382/AMQ.2018.04
Alpine and Mediterranean Quaternary 1 2019-09-25

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