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ESPSI SIGNED

Eruption Source Parameters for Explosive Eruptions in Iceland Over the Last 3 ka

Total Cost €

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EC-Contrib. €

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Partnership

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Project "ESPSI" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
HASKOLI ISLANDS 

Organization address
address: SAEMUNDARGOTU 2
city: REYKJAVIK
postcode: 101
website: www.hi.is

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Iceland [IS]
 Total cost 179˙325 €
 EC max contribution 179˙325 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.3.2. (Nurturing excellence by means of cross-border and cross-sector mobility)
 Code Call H2020-MSCA-IF-2016
 Funding Scheme MSCA-IF-EF-ST
 Starting year 2017
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2017-06-15   to  2019-06-14

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    HASKOLI ISLANDS IS (REYKJAVIK) coordinator 179˙325.00

Map

 Project objective

Eruption source parameters (ESPs)—such as erupted volume/mass, plume height, magma discharge, tephra dispersal, and total grain size distribution (TDGS)—are key information for characterizing explosive eruptions and essential input parameters in tephra dispersal models used for real-time forecasting by the Volcanic Ash Advisory Centers (VAACs) and for long-term hazard assessments. Iceland is one of the volcanically most active regions of the world, with over 20 events per century. About ~700 events are preserved in the post-glacial soil and lake sediments in Iceland. ESPs, however, have yet to be determined for most of the eruptions. ESPs are traditionally derived using empirical approaches, requiring detailed field measurements of the deposits. The objective of this action is to estimate, to the first order, the ESPs for explosive eruptions in Iceland using inversion modelling. The advantage of this approach is that it bypasses the compilation of detailed isopach maps through the use of optimization algorithms. It requires only a limited number of thickness measurements and grain size analyses. Consequently, ESPs can be established for a larger number of eruptions in a shorter time, than when using traditional empirical methods. This will result in a statistically robust data set on ESPs used for determining the magnitude and intensities of explosive eruptions in Iceland as well as for assessing risk and mitigating hazards associated with such events.

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The information about "ESPSI" are provided by the European Opendata Portal: CORDIS opendata.

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