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PALAEO-ENEO SIGNED

Genomic and proteomic analysis of Palaeolithic, Neolithic and Bronze Age humans from Central-Southern Italy

Total Cost €

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EC-Contrib. €

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Partnership

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Project "PALAEO-ENEO" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
KOBENHAVNS UNIVERSITET 

Organization address
address: NORREGADE 10
city: KOBENHAVN
postcode: 1165
website: www.ku.dk

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Denmark [DK]
 Total cost 200˙194 €
 EC max contribution 200˙194 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.3.2. (Nurturing excellence by means of cross-border and cross-sector mobility)
 Code Call H2020-MSCA-IF-2016
 Funding Scheme MSCA-IF-EF-ST
 Starting year 2017
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2017-11-01   to  2019-10-31

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    KOBENHAVNS UNIVERSITET DK (KOBENHAVN) coordinator 200˙194.00

Map

 Project objective

This project aims at reconstructing the ancestry and oral disease of Palaeolithic, Neolithic and Bronze Age anatomically modern humans from Central-Southern Italy, using genome-wide profiling and mass spectrometry-based proteomic analysis of skeletal remains and mineralised dental plaque (archaeological dental calculus). In Europe, the transition from hunter-gatherer to agricultural communities (Neolithisation) and the Bronze Age migration into Central Europe from the Asian steppe were the most important demographic events since the initial peopling by anatomically modern humans. However, until now, no Palaeolithic and only a few of Neolithic and Bronze age individuals from South Europe have been characterised for genomic analysis. As a consequence, the genetic base of outstanding peopling and migratory processes in prehistoric Europe, such as: (a) the East-West population structure among European hunter-gatherers, and (b) the Neolithic Southern European horizon known as the Cardial culture, still need to be fully understood. Similarly, metagenomic analysis of Palaeolithic and Neolithic dental calculus has been limited to preliminary screening of a limited number of samples, with no associated metaproteomic analysis. What taxonomic groups and metabolic functions were lost or gained with Neolithisation? How this affected oral heath? The genomic characterisation of Palaeolithic, Neolithic and Bronze Age humans from Southern Europe will be integrated with a metagenomic and metaproteomic analysis of dental calculus to produce the richest possible personal “-omics” profiling so far achievable for ancient humans. The two main research objectives are: 1. Integrate Palaeolithic, Neolithic and Bronze Age human genomic data from Central-Southern Italy within the genomic landscape available for all ancient and present-day West Eurasians, and 2. Reconstruct the oral microbiome, and its metabolic interactions with the host, before and after Neolithisation.

 Publications

year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2018 Marica Baldoni, Gabriele Scorrano, Angelo Gismondi, Alessia D’Agostino, Michelle Alexander, Luca Gaspari, Fabrizio Vallelonga, Antonella Canini, Olga Rickards, Cristina Martínez-Labarga
Who were the miners of Allumiere? A multidisciplinary approach to reconstruct the osteobiography of an Italian worker community
published pages: e0205362, ISSN: 1932-6203, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0205362
PLOS ONE 13/10 2020-04-09

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The information about "PALAEO-ENEO" are provided by the European Opendata Portal: CORDIS opendata.

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