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BCRdangerCOMPETITION

The role of danger signal and cellular competition in the elimination of B cells lacking the B cell receptor.

Total Cost €

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EC-Contrib. €

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Partnership

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Project "BCRdangerCOMPETITION" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
MAX DELBRUECK CENTRUM FUER MOLEKULARE MEDIZIN IN DER HELMHOLTZ-GEMEINSCHAFT (MDC) 

Organization address
address: ROBERT ROSSLE STRASSE 10
city: BERLIN
postcode: 13125
website: www.mdc-berlin.de

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Germany [DE]
 Project website https://www.mdc-berlin.de/k-rajewsky
 Total cost 171˙460 €
 EC max contribution 171˙460 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.3.2. (Nurturing excellence by means of cross-border and cross-sector mobility)
 Code Call H2020-MSCA-IF-2016
 Funding Scheme MSCA-IF-EF-ST
 Starting year 2017
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2017-04-01   to  2019-10-01

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    MAX DELBRUECK CENTRUM FUER MOLEKULARE MEDIZIN IN DER HELMHOLTZ-GEMEINSCHAFT (MDC) DE (BERLIN) coordinator 171˙460.00

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 Project objective

B cells represent a specialized population of lymphocytes responsible for adaptive immune responses and life-long immune memory. All mature B cells carry B cell receptors (BCRs) on the surface and it is through the BCR that B cells recognize foreign antigens and subsequently provide antibody responses. Acute ablation of the BCR in resting mature naïve B cells in mice leads to a fast disappearance of Immunoglobulin negative (Ig-) B cells from peripheral lymphoid system. This phenomenon has been mainly explained by a “tonic” signal provided by the BCR, essential for B cell survival. However, there are at least two other possible, not mutually exclusive, mechanisms. In this proposal I hypothesize that i) loss of the BCR structure provides a “danger” signal leading to apoptosis of Ig- B cells; ii) Ig- B cells are eliminated as a result of cellular competition with the Ig B cells. I will test these 2 hypothesis by i) addressing the unfolded protein response (UPR) in Ig- B cells as a possible “danger signal” followed by in vivo genetic rescue experiments testing for its causality in Ig- B cell depletion; ii) I will produce pure Ig- B cell cultures, exploiting the novel system of genome editing of primary B cells, and address - in vitro and in vivo - the fitness, proliferation and differentiation capacity of Ig- B cells in presence and absence of cellular competition with Ig B cells. By addressing these points my work might provide a first-time evidence for the existence of “a danger signal” initiated in a B cell upon BCR ablation and prove its causality in Ig- B cell disappearance. On the other hand, elimination of Ig- B cells as a result of cellular competition with Ig B cells is a novel concept with important implications for lymphoma biology and potential clinical applications.

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