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resiliANT SIGNED

Resilience in ant societies

Total Cost €

0

EC-Contrib. €

0

Partnership

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 resiliANT project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the resiliANT project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "resiliANT" about.

effect    homeostatic    ants    demography    despite    transmission    remaining    interactions    collection    found    abiotic    methodological    tools    complex    designed    perform    animal    worker    sophisticated    biotic    resilience    pathogen    individual    unprecedented    molecules    compensatory    environments    frequently    foragers    societies    induce    emerge    conducting    mechanisms    closely    levels    conferring    collective    data    active    interaction    deviate    generalist    social    disease    hinder    fungal    prophylactic    packed    pairwise    mitigate    biological    perturbations    capitalise    behavioural    advancements    structure    flooding    depends    responsible    tracking    inoculations    contributions    disturbance    removal    recover    kinetics    workforce    millions    groups    spread    behaviours    conspecifics    species    baseline    ecosystems    differences    organisation    stochastic    trajectory    huge    external    rapid    ideal    faced    network    trajectories    whipping   

Project "resiliANT" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
UNIVERSITE DE LAUSANNE 

Organization address
address: Quartier Unil-Centre Bâtiment Unicentre
city: LAUSANNE
postcode: 1015
website: www.unil.ch

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Switzerland [CH]
 Total cost 2˙499˙969 €
 EC max contribution 2˙499˙969 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2016-ADG
 Funding Scheme ERC-ADG
 Starting year 2017
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2017-09-01   to  2022-08-31

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    UNIVERSITE DE LAUSANNE CH (LAUSANNE) coordinator 2˙499˙969.00

Map

 Project objective

Complex systems are found at all levels of biological organisation, from molecules to ecosystems. Despite the huge differences in scale, each of them has evolved homeostatic processes conferring resilience to external perturbations. Ants provide an ideal system to identify behavioural responses allowing biological systems to recover from disturbance. The overall aim of this proposal is to identify the collective mechanisms responsible for this resilience. This will be achieved by conducting both abiotic and biotic perturbations. Abiotic perturbations such as flooding frequently have major effects on the demography of the workforce, for example by whipping out all the foragers. We will therefore perform highly controlled perturbations (e.g., targeted removal of worker groups) designed to induce compensatory changes in the behavioural trajectories of the remaining ants to test whether ants can deviate from their baseline behavioural trajectory to mitigate the effect of external perturbations A major biotic challenge faced by all highly social species is the rapid spread of disease between closely-packed conspecifics. Because the kinetics of disease transmission in social groups depends upon the structure of the interaction network, we will investigate how the prophylactic properties of the social interaction network emerge from the individual-level behaviours. Finally, we will perform controlled inoculations with a generalist fungal pathogen to identify active individual-level behavioural responses that further hinder pathogen transmission. The proposed studies which capitalise on two recent methodological advancements (the development of sophisticated network analysis tools and, a tracking system which allows unprecedented collection of behavioural data (e.g., millions of pairwise interactions) will make important contributions to our understanding of processes involved in resilience of complex systems and how animal societies respond to stochastic environments.

 Publications

year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2018 Nathalie Stroeymeyt, Anna V. Grasse, Alessandro Crespi, Danielle P. Mersch, Sylvia Cremer, Laurent Keller
Social network plasticity decreases disease transmission in a eusocial insect
published pages: 941-945, ISSN: 0036-8075, DOI: 10.1126/science.aat4793
Science 362/6417 2020-04-03

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