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Signalling-in-NODs

Investigation of the role and mechanism of action of NOD2-mediated isoform selective PI3K signalling in gut immunity and inflammation

Total Cost €

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EC-Contrib. €

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Partnership

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 Signalling-in-NODs project word cloud

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mechanisms    risk    tolerance    alongside    p110    susceptibility    host    pathogen    molecular    oligomerization    protection    protective    single    made    nucleotide    despite    pathology    biological    discover    mechanism    orchestrating    initiated    kinases    therapeutic    driving    functions    peptides    isoform    variants    lipid    isoforms    genetic    discovered    chronic    evolutionarily    integrate    generate    caused    conserved    prr    plan    immunity    phenomenon    dendritic    inflammation    domain    phosphoinositide    societies    western    mice    phenomena    ibd    autophagy    family    immunology    either    pi3ks    intestinal    anti    deleterious    unmet    receptor    underlying    regulating    animal    messengers    inflammatory    proteins    strategies    elucidate    little    intrinsic    mutations    delta    bowel    models    linked    nod2    programs    unravel    pharmacological    innate    nod    gene    gut    nlr    signaling    roles    recognition    microbiology    molecules    disease    biology    mediated    dysregulated    microbial    immune    cell    convey    regulate    pi3k    action    vivo    components   

Project "Signalling-in-NODs" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
QUEEN MARY UNIVERSITY OF LONDON 

Organization address
address: 327 MILE END ROAD
city: LONDON
postcode: E1 4NS
website: http://www.qmul.ac.uk

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country United Kingdom [UK]
 Total cost 195˙454 €
 EC max contribution 195˙454 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.3.2. (Nurturing excellence by means of cross-border and cross-sector mobility)
 Code Call H2020-MSCA-IF-2016
 Funding Scheme MSCA-IF-EF-ST
 Starting year 2017
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2017-05-01   to  2019-04-30

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    QUEEN MARY UNIVERSITY OF LONDON UK (LONDON) coordinator 195˙454.00

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 Project objective

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a complex chronic pathology in western societies. There is an unmet need for new therapeutic strategies which can only be achieved through a better understanding of the molecular mechanisms of host immunity. It is established that dysregulated host innate immune recognition either caused by genetic risk variants in pathogen recognition receptor (PRR) molecules or microbial factors is commonly associated with IBD. A unique PRR family member, Nucleotide oligomerization domain (NOD)2 programs gut immunity and protection through autophagy process initiated by the recognition of microbial peptides. Deleterious mutations in NOD2 and autophagy-associated proteins are linked to IBD susceptibility. Despite the advances made in understanding of the mechanisms underlying NOD2 biology, particularly that of autophagy, very little is known about the cell signaling components and their mechanism regulating autophagy under NOD2 pathway. Recently, I discovered that a single Phosphoinositide 3-kinases (PI3K) isoform p110δ is integrated in NOD2 mediated autophagy process. PI3Ks are an evolutionarily conserved family of signaling molecules that integrate PRR signaling. PI3Ks generate lipid second messengers and regulate mediated immune responses. I now propose to unravel key biological phenomenon by which p110δ PI3K convey host protective functions through NOD2-mediated autophagy, ensuring the gut immunity and tolerance. The aims are to (1) Determine the dendritic cell-intrinsic role and mechanism(s) of action of PI3K isoforms in orchestrating anti-inflammatory processes under NOD2-mediated autophagy. (2) Discover the roles of PI3K isoforms in NLR-mediated intestinal immunity using isoform specific PI3K gene-targeted mice alongside with pharmacological targeting strategies in vivo. My plan is integrated with animal models, immunology, cell biology, microbiology and in vivo inflammation studies to elucidate key biological phenomena driving IBD.

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