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Mechanics with Molecules

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






Project "MEMO" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
postcode: 1069

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Germany [DE]
 Project website
 Total cost 3˙997˙843 €
 EC max contribution 3˙997˙843 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.2.1. (FET Open)
 Code Call H2020-FETOPEN-1-2016-2017
 Funding Scheme RIA
 Starting year 2017
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2017-10-01   to  2021-09-30


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
3    UNIVERSITE DE LIEGE BE (LIEGE) participant 430˙375.00
5    UNIVERSITAET GRAZ AT (GRAZ) participant 429˙892.00


 Project objective

In this project, single molecule-machines will be constructed and tested on a surface and one at a time, controlling the rotation and the work delivered by a single molecule-motor directly at the atomic scale. The molecule motors and gears, designed and tested by MEMO, will be further adapted to applications requiring collective and synchronous motion. The MEMO partners will design molecular motors and gears able to perform collective and synchronous motion. They will test the rotation of such molecule-gears step-by-step according to their chemical composition, the structure of their teeth, their rotational axle, and the supporting surface. MEMO will design molecule-motors adapted to transmit single molecule motion from the atomic scale to the mesoscale (and beyond). In MEMO, low-temperature UHV experimental methods including scanning tunneling microscope and four independent scanning probe microscopes on the same surface will be used, as well as atomic force microscope in solution. MEMO will explore how a molecule-gear with ~1 nm diameter can mechanically match a nanofabricated solid-state nano-gear with ~30 nm diameter, produced using e-beam nanolithography and He beam microscope. MEMO will create the first miniaturization roadmap for mechanical machinery down to the atomic scale. This roadmap will be explored node by node along the MEMO project, fabricating, micro-fabricating, and nano-fabricating a planar mechanical calculator down to the atomic scale. The last node of the roadmap, using all the molecular machinery results obtained by the MEMO partners during the project, will lead to the design of a molecular Pascaline. To disseminate the single molecule-mechanics results to industry, MEMO will organize regular Academy-Industry days with high-tech SMEs. General public dissemination will include the organization of the first and second international molecule-car race.


List of deliverables.
Report on the implementation of different axle strategies Documents, reports 2020-03-24 09:19:08
Report on 1st molecule-car race Documents, reports 2020-03-24 09:19:08
10 mm to 1 mm and 1 mm to 10 µm nodes assessed Documents, reports 2020-03-24 09:19:08
Dissemination and Academy-Industry day report and planning, 1st period Documents, reports 2020-03-24 09:19:08
Project website and logo Websites, patent fillings, videos etc. 2020-03-24 09:19:08

Take a look to the deliverables list in detail:  detailed list of MEMO deliverables.


year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2019 Yohan Gisbert, Seifallah Abid, Gaëlle Bertrand, Nathalie Saffon-Merceron, Claire Kammerer, Gwénaël Rapenne
Modular synthesis of pentaarylcyclopentadienyl Ru-based molecular machines via sequential Pd-catalysed cross couplings
published pages: 14689-14692, ISSN: 1359-7345, DOI: 10.1039/c9cc08384g
Chemical Communications 55/97 2020-04-24
2019 We-Hyo Soe, Carlos Manzano, Roberto Robles, Nicolas Lorente, Christian Joachim
On-Surface Atom-by-Atom-Assembled Aluminum Binuclear Tetrabenzophenazine Organometallic Magnetic Complex
published pages: 384-388, ISSN: 1530-6984, DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.9b04040
Nano Letters 20/1 2020-04-24
2019 Grant J. Simpson, Víctor García-López, A. Daniel Boese, James M. Tour, Leonhard Grill
How to control single-molecule rotation
published pages: , ISSN: 2041-1723, DOI: 10.1038/s41467-019-12605-8
Nature Communications 10/1 2020-04-24
2020 Vladimír Zobač, Roberto Robles, Nicolás Lorente
Directionality in van der Waals Interactions: The Case of 4-Acetylbiphenyl Adsorbed on Au(111)
published pages: 4545-4551, ISSN: 1932-7447, DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.9b09599
The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 124/8 2020-04-24
2019 We-Hyo Soe, Saurabh Srivastava, Christian Joachim
Train of Single Molecule-Gears
published pages: 6462-6467, ISSN: 1948-7185, DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpclett.9b02259
The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters 10/21 2020-04-24
2019 Nemanja Kocić, Dominik Blank, Paula Abufager, Nicolas Lorente, Silvio Decurtins, Shi-Xia Liu, Jascha Repp
Implementing Functionality in Molecular Self-Assembled Monolayers
published pages: 2750-2757, ISSN: 1530-6984, DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.8b03960
Nano Letters 19/5 2020-04-24
2019 Dmitry Skidin, Frank Eisenhut, Marcus Richter, Seddigheh Nikipar, Justus Krüger, Dmitry A. Ryndyk, Reinhard Berger, Gianaurelio Cuniberti, Xinliang Feng, Francesca Moresco
On-surface synthesis of nitrogen-doped nanographenes with 5–7 membered rings
published pages: 4731-4734, ISSN: 1359-7345, DOI: 10.1039/c9cc00276f
Chemical Communications 55/32 2020-04-24
2018 Frank Eisenhut, Jörg Meyer, Justus Krüger, Robin Ohmann, Gianaurelio Cuniberti, Francesca Moresco
Inducing the controlled rotation of single o-MeO-DMBI molecules anchored on Au(111)
published pages: 177-182, ISSN: 0039-6028, DOI: 10.1016/j.susc.2018.05.003
Surface Science 678 2020-04-24
2020 Frank Eisenhut, Tim Kühne, Fátima García, Saleta Fernández, Enrique Guitián, Dolores Pérez, Georges Trinquier, Gianaurelio Cuniberti, Christian Joachim, Diego Peña, Francesca Moresco
Dodecacene Generated on Surface: Reopening of the Energy Gap
published pages: 1011-1017, ISSN: 1936-0851, DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.9b08456
ACS Nano 14/1 2020-04-24
2019 Guillaume Erbland, Seifallah Abid, Yohan Gisbert, Nathalie Saffon‐Merceron, Yuichiro Hashimoto, Leonardo Andreoni, Théo Guérin, Claire Kammerer, Gwénaël Rapenne
Star‐Shaped Ruthenium Complexes as Prototypes of Molecular Gears
published pages: 16328-16339, ISSN: 0947-6539, DOI: 10.1002/chem.201903615
Chemistry – A European Journal 25/71 2020-04-24
2020 Leonhard Grill, Stefan Hecht
Covalent on-surface polymerization
published pages: 115-130, ISSN: 1755-4330, DOI: 10.1038/s41557-019-0392-9
Nature Chemistry 12/2 2020-04-24
2019 B. Verlhac, N. Bachellier, L. Garnier, M. Ormaza, P. Abufager, R. Robles, M.-L. Bocquet, M. Ternes, N. Lorente, L. Limot
Atomic-scale spin sensing with a single molecule at the apex of a scanning tunneling microscope
published pages: 623-627, ISSN: 0036-8075, DOI: 10.1126/science.aax8222
Science 366/6465 2020-04-24
2019 Claire Kammerer, Guillaume Erbland, Yohan Gisbert, Toshio Nishino, Kazuma Yasuhara, Gwénaël Rapenne
Biomimetic and Technomimetic Single Molecular Machines
published pages: 299-308, ISSN: 0366-7022, DOI: 10.1246/cl.181019
Chemistry Letters 48/4 2020-04-24
2020 H.-H. Lin, A. Croy, R. Gutierrez, C. Joachim, G. Cuniberti
Mechanical Transmission of Rotational Motion between Molecular-Scale Gears
published pages: , ISSN: 2331-7019, DOI: 10.1103/physrevapplied.13.034024
Physical Review Applied 13/3 2020-04-01
2018 W-H Soe, C Durand, O Guillermet, S Gauthier, H-P Jacquot de Rouville, S Srivastava, C Kammerer, G Rapenne, C Joachim
Surface manipulation of a curved polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon-based nano-vehicle molecule equipped with triptycene wheels
published pages: 495401, ISSN: 0957-4484, DOI: 10.1088/1361-6528/aae0d9
Nanotechnology 29/49 2020-03-24
2018 Guillaume Erbland, Yohan Gisbert, Gwénaël Rapenne, Claire Kammerer
Expedient Synthesis of Thioether-Functionalized Hydrotris(indazolyl)borate as an Anchoring Platform for Rotary Molecular Machines
published pages: 4731-4739, ISSN: 1434-193X, DOI: 10.1002/ejoc.201800990
European Journal of Organic Chemistry 2018/34 2020-03-24
2018 Luciano Colazzo, Mohammed S. G. Mohammed, Ruth Dorel, Pawel Nita, Carlos García Fernández, Paula Abufager, Nicolás Lorente, Antonio M. Echavarren, Dimas G. de Oteyza
On-surface synthesis of heptacene on Ag(001) from brominated and non-brominated tetrahydroheptacene precursors
published pages: 10260-10263, ISSN: 1359-7345, DOI: 10.1039/C8CC04402C
Chemical Communications 54/73 2020-03-24
2018 Christophe Nacci, Massimo Baroncini, Alberto Credi, Leonhard Grill
Reversible Photoswitching and Isomer-Dependent Diffusion of Single Azobenzene Tetramers on a Metal Surface
published pages: 15034-15039, ISSN: 1433-7851, DOI: 10.1002/anie.201806536
Angewandte Chemie International Edition 57/46 2020-03-24
2018 Thomas Lehmann, Alexander Croy, Rafael Gutiérrez, Gianaurelio Cuniberti
Time-dependent framework for energy and charge currents in nanoscale systems
published pages: 176-182, ISSN: 0301-0104, DOI: 10.1016/j.chemphys.2018.01.011
Chemical Physics 514 2020-03-24

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