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OPTOLEADER SIGNED

Optogenetic control of leader cell mechanobiology during collective cell migration

Total Cost €

0

EC-Contrib. €

0

Partnership

0

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 OPTOLEADER project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the OPTOLEADER project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "OPTOLEADER" about.

influence    stress    rhogtpases    confined    groups    biology    express    monolayers    intracellular    hallmark    physics    dimensional    vivo    invasion    adhesion    functionalized    transduction    flocks    modulate    proteins    optogenetics    epithelial    extracellular    experimental    phenomena    play    confluent    cell    migrating    molecular    matrix    orchestrated    cohesive    contribution    largely    actions    quantification    ecm    light    generate    multicellular    flocking    integral    array    blue    transduced    paving    active    microscopy    traction    expressing    arising    combines    mechanical    create    monolayer    wound    prominently    cancer    leaders    forces    fundamental    cells    shed    motility    behaviours    migratory    morphogenesis    physically    sensitive    situations    perform    reversible    modifications    migration    force    physical    emergent    substrates    latter    exhibiting    directional    activators    healing    waves    leader    performed    guide    tools    biological    physiologically    collective   

Project "OPTOLEADER" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
FUNDACIO INSTITUT DE BIOENGINYERIA DE CATALUNYA 

Organization address
address: CARRER BALDIRI REIXAC PLANTA 2A 10-12
city: BARCELONA
postcode: 8028
website: http://www.ibecbarcelona.eu

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Spain [ES]
 Total cost 158˙121 €
 EC max contribution 158˙121 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.3.2. (Nurturing excellence by means of cross-border and cross-sector mobility)
 Code Call H2020-MSCA-IF-2017
 Funding Scheme MSCA-IF-EF-ST
 Starting year 2019
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2019-09-01   to  2021-08-31

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    FUNDACIO INSTITUT DE BIOENGINYERIA DE CATALUNYA ES (BARCELONA) coordinator 158˙121.00

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 Project objective

Emergent collective behaviours such as flocks and waves are a hallmark of biological active matter, and occur prominently also in large groups of migrating epithelial cells, where they are involved in fundamental biological processes such as wound healing, morphogenesis and cancer cell invasion. Physical forces transduced between cells and arising between cells and the extracellular matrix (ECM) play an integral role in orchestrated multicellular phenomena. Another integral contribution is given by the actions of leader cells, that modulate and guide the migration of cohesive cell groups. How leader cells achieve this using intracellular and cell-ECM forces remains largely to be understood. Here we propose an experimental approach to generate leader cells using optogenetics and to study how leaders influence the collective behaviour of migratory cell groups. We will use epithelial cells expressing light-sensitive activators of RhoGTPases, which enable reversible and directional control of cell motility using blue light. Traction force microscopy and monolayer stress microscopy will be performed using these cells while we will create and control leaders. With functionalized substrates, we will study the mechanical role of leaders in different conditions, from confined two-cell systems to confluent monolayers exhibiting flocking. Finally, we will express the light-sensitive proteins in cancer cells, to study how their three-dimensional dissemination is affected by leaders. Our experimental approach combines physics-derived modelling and quantification of forces with advanced molecular biology tools. The latter will enable us to perform selected modifications on cells, targeting a wide array of proteins involved in cell-cell adhesion and force transduction. Our goal is to shed light on how leaders physically influence collective migration in physiologically relevant situations, paving the way for the in vivo applications of light-induced leader cells.

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