Opendata, web and dolomites

RESOLUTION SIGNED

Radiocarbon, tree rings, and solar variability provide the accurate time scale for human evolution and geoscience

Total Cost €

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EC-Contrib. €

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Partnership

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 RESOLUTION project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the RESOLUTION project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "RESOLUTION" about.

neanderthals    independently    chronologies    puzzles    southeast    neanderthal    resolution    concentrations    lower    varying    temporal    archive    implications    annually    window    methodology    remarkably    records    magnitude    first    fate    context    continent    interacted    10be    interesting    ice    amhs    arrived    cutting    ring    behavioural    discrepancies    mediterranean    ams    confidence    14c    evolution    archaeology    few    obtain    centuries    conifers    plays    floating    ka    calibration    periods    radiocarbon    back    dating    technique    dated    extinction    versus    ago    demise    core    millennia    profit    linking    rings    atmospheric    debated    direct    species    interaction    exceptional    tree    2000    time    anatomically    bp    precision    pivotal    timing    chronology    amh    disagree    backbone    hotly    geospatial    resolved    solving    times    trees    intervals    glacial    europe    natural    edge    modern    accurate    dates    final    representing    prehistory    human    collection    14   

Project "RESOLUTION" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
ALMA MATER STUDIORUM - UNIVERSITA DI BOLOGNA 

Organization address
address: VIA ZAMBONI 33
city: BOLOGNA
postcode: 40126
website: www.unibo.it

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Italy [IT]
 Total cost 1˙499˙381 €
 EC max contribution 1˙499˙381 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2018-STG
 Funding Scheme ERC-STG
 Starting year 2019
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2019-06-01   to  2024-05-31

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    ALMA MATER STUDIORUM - UNIVERSITA DI BOLOGNA IT (BOLOGNA) coordinator 1˙149˙476.00
2    UNIVERSITAET HOHENHEIM DE (STUTTGART) participant 349˙905.00
3    MAX-PLANCK-GESELLSCHAFT ZUR FORDERUNG DER WISSENSCHAFTEN EV DE (MUENCHEN) participant 0.00

Map

 Project objective

Europe was the continent where Neanderthal and Anatomically Modern Human (AMH) interacted in a supposed time window of up to five millennia around 40,000 years ago (40 ka BP). The fate of our species versus the demise of Neanderthals, the geospatial timing of this process, the behavioural implications of their interaction, are hotly debated topics in archaeology. In this context, chronology plays a pivotal role, with radiocarbon (14C) dating representing the backbone back to 50 ka BP. However, due to varying atmospheric 14C concentrations in the past, the method requires calibration to an independently dated archive. So far, only the past 14 ka BP can profit from the most direct natural archive of 14C activity, which are annually resolved tree-ring chronologies. Before this time, temporal resolution is remarkably lower and different calibration records disagree, leading to discrepancies in the calibration of up to 2000 years. This project aims to achieve for the first time an accurate and highly resolved chronology back to 50 ka BP, to establish the timing of when AMHs arrived in Europe, their interaction with Neanderthals and the final cause of Neanderthal extinction. The project involves fieldwork in Mediterranean and southeast Europe to find more glacial trees, the study of the existing collection of glacial conifers, exceptional 14C precision for 14C dates in the Glacial, and the cutting-edge methodology in linking floating tree-ring chronologies to 10Be on the ice core scale. The results of this work will be crucial in solving some of the most interesting puzzles in European prehistory. With tree-rings, the resolution will be an order of magnitude higher, and using the most recent advances in the AMS technique, we will obtain confidence intervals of only a few centuries in glacial times. This project will be of pivotal importance for key periods in human evolution.

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The information about "RESOLUTION" are provided by the European Opendata Portal: CORDIS opendata.

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