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ARCHEIS SIGNED

Understanding the onset and impact of Aquatic Resource Consumption in Human Evolution using novel Isotopic tracerS

Total Cost €

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EC-Contrib. €

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Partnership

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 ARCHEIS project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the ARCHEIS project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "ARCHEIS" about.

question    lineage    zn    coastal    inuit    acids    preserved    tools    purpose    nutrition    answer    turning    population    hominins    ky    innovative    bioapatite    zealand    tracers    fatty    conscience    bone    traced    midden    bar    populations    intestinal    technological    combining    demonstrated    american    neanderthal    modern    classic    absorption    specificity    composition    mobility    atlantic    fish    humans    mounds    fellow    canada    sites    bulk    existence    south    detect    homo    mammal    coast    systematic    consumption    markers    fractionation    thought    leap    compositions    aquatic    human    source    archeological    possibly    social    dietary    wairau    astonishing    teeth    complexification    diets    species    compound    mark    calibrated    bones    mineral    polyunsaturated    prehistoric    hypothesis    shell    isotope    onset    hunter    point    mollusk    marine    sensitivity    date    suite    inland    hominin    challenged    shellfish    food    arctic    enhanced    intelligence    sensitive    history    techniques    linked    sapiens    distinctive    gatherer   

Project "ARCHEIS" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE CNRS 

Organization address
address: RUE MICHEL ANGE 3
city: PARIS
postcode: 75794
website: www.cnrs.fr

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country France [FR]
 Total cost 1˙361˙991 €
 EC max contribution 1˙361˙991 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2018-STG
 Funding Scheme ERC-STG
 Starting year 2019
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2019-03-01   to  2024-02-29

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE CNRS FR (PARIS) coordinator 1˙361˙991.00

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 Project objective

The onset of the systematic consumption of marine resources is thought to mark a turning point for the hominin lineage. To date, this onset cannot be traced, since classic isotope markers are not preserved beyond 50 - 100 ky. Aquatic food products are essential in human nutrition as the main source of polyunsaturated fatty acids in hunter-gatherer diets. The exploitation of marine resources is also thought to have reduced human mobility and enhanced social and technological complexification. Systematic aquatic food consumption could well have been a distinctive feature of Homo sapiens species among his fellow hominins, and has been linked to the astonishing leap in human intelligence and conscience. Yet, this hypothesis is challenged by the existence of mollusk and marine mammal bone remains at Neanderthal archeological sites. Recent work demonstrated the sensitivity of Zn isotope composition in bioapatite, the mineral part of bones and teeth, to dietary Zn. By combining classic (C and C/N isotope analyses) and innovative techniques (compound specific C/N and bulk Zn isotope analyses), I will develop a suite of sensitive tracers for shellfish, fish and marine mammal consumption. Shellfish consumption will be investigated by comparing various South American and European prehistoric populations from the Atlantic coast associated to shell-midden and fish-mounds. Marine mammal consumption will be traced using an Inuit population of Arctic Canada and the Wairau Bar population of New Zealand. C/N/Zn isotope compositions of various aquatic products will also be assessed, as well as isotope fractionation during intestinal absorption. I will then use the fully calibrated isotope tools to detect and characterize the onset of marine food exploitation in human history, which will answer the question of its specificity to our species. Neanderthal, early modern humans and possibly other hominin remains from coastal and inland sites will be compared in that purpose.

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The information about "ARCHEIS" are provided by the European Opendata Portal: CORDIS opendata.

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