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ARCHEIS SIGNED

Understanding the onset and impact of Aquatic Resource Consumption in Human Evolution using novel Isotopic tracerS

Total Cost €

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EC-Contrib. €

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Partnership

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 ARCHEIS project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the ARCHEIS project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "ARCHEIS" about.

fish    combining    acids    american    bone    humans    mineral    consumption    bar    inuit    complexification    lineage    compositions    point    intelligence    zealand    traced    nutrition    polyunsaturated    astonishing    south    challenged    homo    answer    hunter    thought    classic    mounds    fractionation    specificity    intestinal    fatty    technological    fellow    mollusk    populations    history    sensitive    purpose    composition    bones    detect    sites    hominin    zn    conscience    hominins    mark    sapiens    prehistoric    sensitivity    mobility    ky    turning    coastal    markers    tracers    existence    modern    distinctive    arctic    hypothesis    atlantic    question    food    shell    population    demonstrated    marine    shellfish    enhanced    techniques    date    inland    preserved    social    suite    innovative    calibrated    mammal    dietary    isotope    bioapatite    archeological    onset    wairau    species    bulk    neanderthal    absorption    midden    leap    teeth    systematic    aquatic    compound    canada    tools    linked    gatherer    source    possibly    diets    coast    human   

Project "ARCHEIS" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE CNRS 

Organization address
address: RUE MICHEL ANGE 3
city: PARIS
postcode: 75794
website: www.cnrs.fr

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country France [FR]
 Total cost 1˙361˙991 €
 EC max contribution 1˙361˙991 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2018-STG
 Funding Scheme ERC-STG
 Starting year 2019
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2019-03-01   to  2024-02-29

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE CNRS FR (PARIS) coordinator 1˙361˙991.00

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 Project objective

The onset of the systematic consumption of marine resources is thought to mark a turning point for the hominin lineage. To date, this onset cannot be traced, since classic isotope markers are not preserved beyond 50 - 100 ky. Aquatic food products are essential in human nutrition as the main source of polyunsaturated fatty acids in hunter-gatherer diets. The exploitation of marine resources is also thought to have reduced human mobility and enhanced social and technological complexification. Systematic aquatic food consumption could well have been a distinctive feature of Homo sapiens species among his fellow hominins, and has been linked to the astonishing leap in human intelligence and conscience. Yet, this hypothesis is challenged by the existence of mollusk and marine mammal bone remains at Neanderthal archeological sites. Recent work demonstrated the sensitivity of Zn isotope composition in bioapatite, the mineral part of bones and teeth, to dietary Zn. By combining classic (C and C/N isotope analyses) and innovative techniques (compound specific C/N and bulk Zn isotope analyses), I will develop a suite of sensitive tracers for shellfish, fish and marine mammal consumption. Shellfish consumption will be investigated by comparing various South American and European prehistoric populations from the Atlantic coast associated to shell-midden and fish-mounds. Marine mammal consumption will be traced using an Inuit population of Arctic Canada and the Wairau Bar population of New Zealand. C/N/Zn isotope compositions of various aquatic products will also be assessed, as well as isotope fractionation during intestinal absorption. I will then use the fully calibrated isotope tools to detect and characterize the onset of marine food exploitation in human history, which will answer the question of its specificity to our species. Neanderthal, early modern humans and possibly other hominin remains from coastal and inland sites will be compared in that purpose.

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