Opendata, web and dolomites

DREGS SIGNED

Deciphering archaeological Residues to understand the history of European Grape cultivation and winemaking Societies

Total Cost €

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EC-Contrib. €

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Partnership

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 DREGS project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the DREGS project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "DREGS" about.

helping    first    remarkable    seeds    dimensional    preliminary    spread    economy    consolidate    middle    rituals    prehistoric    lipids    transferred    palaeogenomics    idea    class    resin    core    warwick    amphorae    lectureship    bioinformatician    artefacts    media    sites    trained    cultivation    grape    palimpsests    religious    dating    york    cultural    dregs    group    laboratory    bce    journals    documentation    enabled    deposits    questions    varieties    university    colour    winemaking    gaps    dozens    despite    area    world    skills    north    publications    hypothesize    residue    shaping    impacted    adna    significance    contain    viniculture    social    became    africa    explore    ancient    leader    traditions    1000    collaborators    begun    wine    eurasia    ultimately    analysing    upheavals    berry    preserves    sequences    myself    secular    guide    experts    white    history    properly    metagenomic    profile    variety    me    local    recover    generate    guidance    public    direct    propagated    changed    dna    archaeological    ages    inferred    berries    acquire    students    resinous    anticipate    excavated    yield   

Project "DREGS" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
UNIVERSITY OF YORK 

Organization address
address: HESLINGTON
city: YORK NORTH YORKSHIRE
postcode: YO10 5DD
website: http://www.york.ac.uk

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country United Kingdom [UK]
 Total cost 212˙933 €
 EC max contribution 212˙933 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.3.2. (Nurturing excellence by means of cross-border and cross-sector mobility)
 Code Call H2020-MSCA-IF-2018
 Funding Scheme MSCA-IF-EF-ST
 Starting year 2019
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2019-09-01   to  2021-08-31

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    UNIVERSITY OF YORK UK (YORK NORTH YORKSHIRE) coordinator 212˙933.00

Map

 Project objective

The prehistoric development and spread of grape cultivation and winemaking have impacted the world to a remarkable extent, shaping core social traditions, religious and secular rituals, and the world economy. Despite the cultural significance of viniculture, there are major gaps in our understanding of its development, including:

A) when and where white berries were first propagated, B) when varieties became established into local traditions, and C) how viniculture changed during cultural upheavals.

In DREGS, I will explore these questions by analysing ancient seeds excavated from archaeological sites across Eurasia and North Africa dating 1000 BCE to the Middle Ages. Under the guidance of experts at the University of York, I will be trained in 2- and 3-dimensional documentation of seeds and then recover the ancient DNA (aDNA) they contain. Preliminary results demonstrate berry colour and variety can be inferred using aDNA, so I anticipate findings on the above questions will lead to publications in top journals and generate great public interest on social media.

During the programme I will also be trained in residue analysis of artefacts. I hypothesize amphorae resin preserves aDNA in archaeological sites that do not yield grape seeds. To test this idea, I will characterize lipids from resinous deposits of dozens of amphorae as well as the DNA within the resin. To properly identify DNA sequences within these complex metagenomic palimpsests, a bioinformatician at the University of Warwick will guide my analyses. Although I have just begun a lectureship, the two years of research enabled by DREGS will allow me to acquire new skills that will ultimately be transferred to students and my collaborators. Furthermore, my novel direct testing of wine artefacts will allow me to explore the history of wine across the European Research Area, raising my profile in the field and helping consolidate myself as group leader of world-class palaeogenomics laboratory.

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The information about "DREGS" are provided by the European Opendata Portal: CORDIS opendata.

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