Explore the words cloud of the ANTHROPOID project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "ANTHROPOID" about.
The following table provides information about the project.
INSTITUT FUR MOLEKULARE UND KLINISCHE OPHTHALMOLOGIE BASEL
|Coordinator Country||Switzerland [CH]|
|Total cost||1˙500˙000 €|
|EC max contribution||1˙500˙000 € (100%)|
1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
|Duration (year-month-day)||from 2019-06-01 to 2024-05-31|
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|1||INSTITUT FUR MOLEKULARE UND KLINISCHE OPHTHALMOLOGIE BASEL||CH (BASEL)||coordinator||1˙500˙000.00|
Humans diverged from our closest living relatives, chimpanzees and other great apes, 6-10 million years ago. Since this divergence, our ancestors acquired genetic changes that enhanced cognition, altered metabolism, and endowed our species with an adaptive capacity to colonize the entire planet and reshape the biosphere. Through genome comparisons between modern humans, Neandertals, chimpanzees and other apes we have identified genetic changes that likely contribute to innovations in human metabolic and cognitive physiology. However, it has been difficult to assess the functional effects of these genetic changes due to the lack of cell culture systems that recapitulate great ape organ complexity. Human and chimpanzee pluripotent stem cells (PSCs) can self-organize into three-dimensional (3D) tissues that recapitulate the morphology, function, and genetic programs controlling organ development. Our vision is to use organoids to study the changes that set modern humans apart from our closest evolutionary relatives as well as all other organisms on the planet. In ANTHROPOID we will generate a great ape developmental cell atlas using cortex, liver, and small intestine organoids. We will use single-cell transcriptomics and chromatin accessibility to identify cell type-specific features of transcriptome divergence at cellular resolution. We will dissect enhancer evolution using single-cell genomic screens and ancestralize human cells to resurrect pre-human cellular phenotypes. ANTHROPOID utilizes quantitative and state-of-the-art methods to explore exciting high-risk questions at multiple branches of the modern human lineage. This project is a ground breaking starting point to replay evolution and tackle the ancient question of what makes us uniquely human?
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The information about "ANTHROPOID" are provided by the European Opendata Portal: CORDIS opendata.