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RHIZOCARBON SIGNED

Forest belowground carbon transport: From rhizosphere fluxes to physiological drivers

Total Cost €

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EC-Contrib. €

0

Partnership

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 RHIZOCARBON project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the RHIZOCARBON project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "RHIZOCARBON" about.

investigation    indicates    physiology    transfer    fluxes    regional    experiments    amounts    transport    unprecedented    medium    forests    light    mixed    organism    flux    communities    simulating    greenhouse    calculation    demand    trees    flow    overlooked    answering    poor    cycling    reserves    aboveground    exploration    dive    global    soil    13co2    discovery    carbon    rhizosphere    expedition    inspired    bear    fluctuations    predictions    respiration    serve    rate    questions    decipher    water    models    accommodates    continuous    networks    scales    fungal    shedding    belowground    trace    network    prompted    mostly    climate    dynamics    disparity    artificial    combined    mycorrhizal    eco    regulate    house    extensively    supply    computational    routes    complemented    concerning    first    ground    tree    central    changing    evolutionary    allocation    upscaled    biogeochemistry    line    hence    below    root    vivo    methodology    storage    inter    mature    exudation    forest    balance    canopies    buffer    fungi    site   

Project "RHIZOCARBON" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
WEIZMANN INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE 

Organization address
address: HERZL STREET 234
city: REHOVOT
postcode: 7610001
website: www.weizmann.ac.il

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Israel [IL]
 Total cost 1˙500˙000 €
 EC max contribution 1˙500˙000 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2019-STG
 Funding Scheme ERC-STG
 Starting year 2019
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2019-09-01   to  2024-08-31

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    WEIZMANN INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE IL (REHOVOT) coordinator 1˙500˙000.00

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 Project objective

Trees are unique in that responses at the organism level, being upscaled to forest canopies, bear large effects on the cycling and distribution of water and carbon in regional and global scales. Hence, tree carbon allocation dynamics are central not only to tree eco-physiology but also to global biogeochemistry. While tree aboveground carbon fluxes have been extensively studied, belowground fluxes, such as root respiration, growth and exudation have been mostly overlooked due to poor access to the root system. This project is set to address this knowledge disparity by answering key questions concerning belowground carbon flow. In one line of research, we will study the trees' “in-house” management of carbon flow, inspired by our recently achieved first comprehensive tree carbon balance calculation, which indicates that carbon reserves serve as a buffer that accommodates large fluctuations in carbon supply and demand. This will be complemented by an exploration of the inter-tree carbon supply network of mycorrhizal fungi routes, an investigation prompted by our discovery that mature trees in a mixed forest transfer unprecedented amounts of carbon among each other via fungal networks. Computational models will be applied to identify the evolutionary requirements for the development of belowground carbon transfer in a mycorrhizal network. We will dive into the highly complex soil system not in an artificial medium system – but in a mixed forest site, complemented by greenhouse experiments simulating forest tree communities. To trace below-ground carbon transport, we will apply our novel methodology of continuous, in vivo, combined measurement of 13CO2 carbon allocation and flux rate. This novel ‘rhizosphere expedition’ will decipher the key belowground carbon transport processes, shedding light on the extent to which trees and fungi regulate them and facilitating predictions of carbon storage in changing climate and forests.

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