Opendata, web and dolomites


Phase map of dynamic, adaptive colloidal crystals far from equilibrium

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






 Ph.D. project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the Ph.D. project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "Ph.D." about.

crystals    dynamic    drive    few    condensed    tenets    confined    physical    self    differences    clarify    full    aperiodic    energies    experiments    extremely    supplied    lattices    exploits    fitness    observation    reported    negative    feedback    first    bravais    sustain    microfluidics    complete    passive    brownian    fundamental    multiple    ask    quantify    emergence    shape    polystyrene    competition    steady    pure    particles    positive    arise    equilibrium    heart    practical    fluctuations    acting    flux    healing    generates    basic    water    living    evolve    nanoscience    patterns    spheres    replication    2d    exhibiting    energy    stronger    mechanisms    ultrafast    statistical    biology    temperature    organisms    motility    faced    small    adaptive    periodic    physics    identical    assembly    arises    behavior    nonidentical    quasi    colloidal    500    ingredients    quasicrystals    nonlinear    dynamics    size    precisely    nm    nonlinearity    landscapes    map    emergent    suspended    question    laser    pattern    form    extendable    draw   

Project "Ph.D." data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
city: ANKARA
postcode: 6800
website: n.a.

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Turkey [TR]
 Total cost 1˙500˙000 €
 EC max contribution 1˙500˙000 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2019-STG
 Funding Scheme ERC-STG
 Starting year 2019
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2019-11-01   to  2024-10-31


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 


 Project objective

We recently reported the first observation of dynamic adaptive colloidal crystals exhibiting characteristics similar to those commonly associated with living organisms: self-replication, self-healing, adaptation, competition, motility. Here, I propose to do the first experiments to clarify precisely how dynamic adaptive behavior arises far from equilibrium and how to control it. The key to both is a fundamental question at the heart of condensed matter, statistical and nonlinear physics: When far from equilibrium, in the presence of fluctuations and faced with multiple steady states with small energy differences, how does a system evolve? Specifically, my objectives are (1) to form crystals with periodic and aperiodic patterns, e.g. 2D Bravais lattices, quasicrystals, using passive identical particles, (2) to quantify their formation energies through the effective temperature of Brownian particles, (3) to identify the conditions for emergence and control of adaptive behavior. Then, I will draw a complete phase map of these dynamic adaptive colloidal crystals using fitness landscapes to characterize each pattern. I will further ask to what extent this control is extendable down to the few-nm scale, where fluctuations are even stronger and if and how these findings change when using nonidentical, in size or shape, but still passive particles. My system comprises quasi-2D-confined pure-polystyrene 500-nm spheres suspended in water. An energy flux to drive the system far from equilibrium and sustain it there is supplied by an ultrafast laser. My method exploits only three physical tenets, nonlinearity, fluctuations and positive/negative feedback mechanisms acting on identical passive particles, yet generates extremely rich emergent dynamics. A full understanding of how such dynamics arise from so few basic ingredients will advance our understanding of complex systems in addition to numerous practical applications to self-assembly, microfluidics, nanoscience and biology.

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