Opendata, web and dolomites


FEATHERS (FE / MALES AND THEIR SCRIBES): Authorship and the Mediation of Voices, c. 1558-1642

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






 FEATHERS project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the FEATHERS project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "FEATHERS" about.

authorial    literary    individual    marginalised    grammatical    sometimes    political    letters    forever    ready    women    queen    hitherto    digital    warrant    authorising    writers    class    think    questions    illiteracy    davidson    men    pen    power    canon    applicable    easier    creates    ms    1558    diverse    gender    influence    centres    history    author    civil    mary    drawn    authors    milton    historical    time    concentrating    seemliness    dictation    when    rarely    secretaries    types    elizabeth    differed    function    socialised    experiences    employment    literature    holding    stable    paradise    scribe    cultural    lines    adding    edge    authored    1642    english    dictated    beginning    errors    relatively    software    manuscript    suggests    secretary    multiple    texts    physically    impacting    war    england    corrects    documents    wielders    confined    scribal    periods    contributed    constant    voices    signature    works    wrote    emails    humanities    scots    born    lost    enterprise    begin    notes    lower    scribes    collaborative    cutting    word    did    fulfilled    themselves    employer    write    create    authorship    publication    silently    roles    burghley    john    modern    google    countries    model    mostly    look    distinguish    deborah    reign   

Project "FEATHERS" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
address: RAPENBURG 70
city: LEIDEN
postcode: 2311 EZ

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Netherlands [NL]
 Total cost 1˙999˙996 €
 EC max contribution 1˙999˙996 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2019-COG
 Funding Scheme ERC-COG
 Starting year 2020
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2020-06-01   to  2025-05-31


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    UNIVERSITEIT LEIDEN NL (LEIDEN) coordinator 1˙999˙996.00


 Project objective

When we look at a text, we think we know who wrote it. Indeed, Paradise Lost was authored by John Milton; the warrant of execution for Mary, Queen of Scots by Elizabeth I. The writers of these texts, the pen wielders, however, were Deborah Milton, and W. Davidson with Burghley. Manuscript production was a collaborative or ‘socialised’ enterprise that often involved secretaries and scribes who physically wrote what the author dictated. Sometimes, however, they contributed rather more. Google, MS Word and even dictation software help us write emails – a traditional secretary silently corrects grammatical errors, suggests changes and even creates texts from notes ready for the employer’s authorising signature: the early modern scribe fulfilled some or all of these roles. To distinguish between authorial and scribal voices the project will analyse 3 distinct manuscript types: Historical letters, Legal documents, and Literary works. In doing so it will address 3 questions: who were these scribes; what was their role or function, and where did their influence end and their employer’s begin? Experiences of scribal publication differed along gender and class lines as while high-born men were drawn to it, women and the lower-born were mostly confined to it, rarely holding a pen themselves for reasons as diverse as seemliness and illiteracy. Impacting the fields of literature, cultural history, and digital humanities, this cutting edge project will forever change the way we think about early modern authorship, adding many texts to the canon by authors hitherto marginalised, such as women and the lower-born. The project will create a model applicable to multiple political periods and countries by concentrating on England between 1558 and 1642 (the beginning of Elizabeth I’s reign to the English Civil War), a time when the centres of power were stable enough to allow for relatively constant employment, making individual scribes easier to identify, and with that their influence.

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The information about "FEATHERS" are provided by the European Opendata Portal: CORDIS opendata.

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