AGRIREFORM

"Farmers in Brussels: Agricultural Interest Groups and the Common Agricultural Policy, 1967-1992"

 Coordinatore UNIVERSITY OF PORTSMOUTH HIGHER EDUCATION CORPORATION 

 Organization address address: "University House, Winston Churchill Avenue"
city: PORTSMOUTH
postcode: PO1 2UP

contact info
Titolo: Prof.
Nome: Wolfram
Cognome: Kaiser
Email: send email
Telefono: +44 23 9284 6036
Fax: +44 23 9284 2174

 Nazionalità Coordinatore United Kingdom [UK]
 Totale costo 270˙145 €
 EC contributo 270˙145 €
 Programma FP7-PEOPLE
Specific programme "People" implementing the Seventh Framework Programme of the European Community for research, technological development and demonstration activities (2007 to 2013)
 Code Call FP7-PEOPLE-2011-IEF
 Funding Scheme MC-IEF
 Anno di inizio 2012
 Periodo (anno-mese-giorno) 2012-09-01   -   2014-08-31

 Partecipanti

# participant  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    UNIVERSITY OF PORTSMOUTH HIGHER EDUCATION CORPORATION

 Organization address address: "University House, Winston Churchill Avenue"
city: PORTSMOUTH
postcode: PO1 2UP

contact info
Titolo: Prof.
Nome: Wolfram
Cognome: Kaiser
Email: send email
Telefono: +44 23 9284 6036
Fax: +44 23 9284 2174

UK (PORTSMOUTH) coordinator 270˙145.80

Mappa


 Word cloud

Esplora la "nuvola delle parole (Word Cloud) per avere un'idea di massima del progetto.

substantial    milk    national    power    lobbying    evidence    studied    farmers    cereals    agricultural    reform    insights    oldest    explores    attempts       cap    prevent    europeanisation    influence    policy    farm    commodities    interests    groups    wielded   

 Obiettivo del progetto (Objective)

'The proposed research project explores the lack of reform of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP), the oldest common policy of the present day European Union, prior to 1992. It does so by analysing the role and influence of organised farm interests as one of the main driving forces behind agricultural policy inertia. The project has two main aims. Firstly, it investigates how and to what extent farm interests became increasingly Europeanised in response to European policy changes and reform attempts of the CAP. Secondly, it explores whether and to what extent they successfully developed and used the European in addition to the national route of lobbying to defend the status quo of the policy. In exploring how and why farmers were able to prevent a reform of the CAP for 25 years, the project will trace the institutional and ideational Europeanisation of agricultural interests; explore the effects of these changes on farmers’ strategies for collective action; and assess their impact on the EU policy field. The project takes into account four national producers’ organisations in France, Germany, the United Kingdom and the Netherlands, and two transnationally-constituted umbrella groups. To analyse how these organisations wielded power collectively to prevent CAP reform, the project focuses on two case studies of agricultural commodities: cereals and milk'

Introduzione (Teaser)

How the EU political system has been able to manage the interests of organised agricultural lobbying groups provides insights into processes of policy creation and reform within the EU.

Descrizione progetto (Article)

The AGRIREFORM (Farmers in Brussels: Agricultural interest groups and the Common Agricultural Policy, 1967-1992) project studied the role and influence of organised farm interest groups. These groups and the power they wielded helped prevent more substantial reform of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) before 1992. The CAP is the oldest and most contested yet still most important public policy of today's EU. At the end of the 1960s, overproduction resulted in a steep increase in agricultural spending. The costly subsidies of the Policy were strong incentives for reforming it and the European Commission repeatedly attempted to revise the CAP beginning in the late 1960s.

The project investigated how and to what extent farm interests and their organised representation changed in response to European policy changes and reform attempts by the European Commission. Researchers traced the Europeanisation and institutionalisation of agricultural interests. A detailed analysis of the changes of farm organisations was conducted, noting Member States' redefinition of agricultural preferences in European rather than purely national terms.

Two case studies of agricultural commodities, cereals and milk, were also studied. These case studies provided substantial evidence for why and how the national and Community-level farmers' organisations managed to resist radical reforms by the European Commission. They also provided insights into the gradual decline of the farmers' lobbying power.

The research team consulted a broad range of archives and other sources in order to collect the necessary empirical evidence. Notably, a number of semi-structured interviews with key representatives of farm groups and European Commission officials contributed personal insights into how these organised farm groups influenced policy-making.

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