HYLIFE

Exploiting hybrids between annual and perennial plant species to identify genes conferring agronomically important traits

 Coordinatore MAX PLANCK GESELLSCHAFT ZUR FOERDERUNG DER WISSENSCHAFTEN E.V. 

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 Nazionalità Coordinatore Germany [DE]
 Totale costo 2˙490˙624 €
 EC contributo 2˙490˙624 €
 Programma FP7-IDEAS-ERC
Specific programme: "Ideas" implementing the Seventh Framework Programme of the European Community for research, technological development and demonstration activities (2007 to 2013)
 Code Call ERC-2013-ADG
 Funding Scheme ERC-AG
 Anno di inizio 2014
 Periodo (anno-mese-giorno) 2014-02-01   -   2019-01-31

 Partecipanti

# participant  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    MAX PLANCK GESELLSCHAFT ZUR FOERDERUNG DER WISSENSCHAFTEN E.V.

 Organization address address: Hofgartenstrasse 8
city: MUENCHEN
postcode: 80539

contact info
Titolo: Dr.
Nome: George Michael
Cognome: Coupland
Email: send email
Telefono: +49 221 5062 205
Fax: +49 221 5062 207

DE (MUENCHEN) hostInstitution 2˙490˙624.00
2    MAX PLANCK GESELLSCHAFT ZUR FOERDERUNG DER WISSENSCHAFTEN E.V.

 Organization address address: Hofgartenstrasse 8
city: MUENCHEN
postcode: 80539

contact info
Titolo: Mr.
Nome: Stefan
Cognome: Daniels
Email: send email
Telefono: +49 221 5062 510
Fax: +49 221 5062 500

DE (MUENCHEN) hostInstitution 2˙490˙624.00

Mappa


 Word cloud

Esplora la "nuvola delle parole (Word Cloud) per avere un'idea di massima del progetto.

flowering    tested    variation    perennials    then    crops    genes    populations    monocarpic    annual    exhibit    perennial    traits    hybrids    species    yield    phenotypic    seed    life    arabis    senescence    suppressing   

 Obiettivo del progetto (Objective)

'Flowering plants exhibit a variety of different life cycles. This variation contributes in nature to adaptation to diverse environments and in agriculture to optimising crop yield. Annual monocarpic species flower once during their life, produce seeds and then undergo generalized senescence leading to death of the plant. By contrast polycarpic perennials survive seed production and live for many years flowering repeatedly. Most of our major crops are monocarpic annuals but perennials predominate in many ecological niches. Perennials exhibit phenotypic traits that would be advantageous for crops, such as an extended growing season, long duration of flowering and seed set as well as longer roots that more efficiently utilize nutrients and water supply. The high productivity of perennials explains their current use as sources of biomass. I propose here to use the progeny of hybrids between annual and perennial species in the Brassicaceae to isolate genes that confer key differences between these life histories. The utility of such genes in improving annual crops will then be tested. Arabis alpina and Arabis montbretiana are sister species that are respectively perennial and annual. We produced hybrids between these species and from them derived segregating populations by backcrossing. Here I propose to extensively genotype and phenotype these populations to identify genes promoting or suppressing senescence after flowering as well as those controlling the duration and extent of flowering. Orthologues of these genes will be identified in closely related Brassica species and alleles conferring perennial traits introduced into annual oil seed rape using genetic as well as transgenic strategies. Particularly those genes suppressing senescence and extending the duration of flowering will be tested for their effects on yield. This knowledge-based approach to introducing perennial traits into annual crops is expected to generate novel phenotypic variation that enhances yield.'

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