USEMS

Uncovering the Secrets of an Earthquake: Multidisciplinary Study of Physico-Chemical Processes During the Seismic Cycle

 Coordinatore ISTITUTO NAZIONALE DI GEOFISICA E VULCANOLOGIA 

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 Nazionalità Coordinatore Italy [IT]
 Totale costo 1˙992˙000 €
 EC contributo 1˙992˙000 €
 Programma FP7-IDEAS-ERC
Specific programme: "Ideas" implementing the Seventh Framework Programme of the European Community for research, technological development and demonstration activities (2007 to 2013)
 Code Call ERC-2007-StG
 Funding Scheme ERC-SG
 Anno di inizio 2008
 Periodo (anno-mese-giorno) 2008-06-01   -   2013-05-31

 Partecipanti

# participant  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    UNIVERSITA DEGLI STUDI DI PADOVA

 Organization address address: VIA 8 FEBBRAIO 2
city: PADOVA
postcode: 35122

contact info
Titolo: Prof.
Nome: Domenico
Cognome: Rio
Email: send email
Telefono: +39 049 8272090
Fax: +39 049 8272070

IT (PADOVA) beneficiary 0.00
2    ISTITUTO NAZIONALE DI GEOFISICA E VULCANOLOGIA

 Organization address address: Via di Vigna Murata 605
city: ROMA
postcode: 143

contact info
Titolo: Dr.
Nome: Giulio
Cognome: Di Toro
Email: send email
Telefono: -51860544
Fax: -51860474

IT (ROMA) hostInstitution 0.00
3    ISTITUTO NAZIONALE DI GEOFISICA E VULCANOLOGIA

 Organization address address: Via di Vigna Murata 605
city: ROMA
postcode: 143

contact info
Titolo: Dr.
Nome: Sofia
Cognome: Mariano
Email: send email
Telefono: +39 06 51860577
Fax: +39 06 51860507

IT (ROMA) hostInstitution 0.00

Mappa


 Word cloud

Esplora la "nuvola delle parole (Word Cloud) per avere un'idea di massima del progetto.

rock    friction    hazard    experimental    chemical    milling    earthquake    materials    data    techniques    mechanical    natural    earthquakes    apparatus    fault    earth    surface    seismic    mechanics    world    experiments   

 Obiettivo del progetto (Objective)

'Southern Europe and Turkey lie within the highest seismic risk areas in the world. Understanding the physico-chemical processes controlling earthquake generation is essential in seismic hazard assessment. Destructive earthquakes nucleate at depth (10-15 km), therefore monitoring active faults at the Earth’s surface, or interpreting seismic waves, yields only limited information on earthquake mechanics. We propose to investigate earthquake processes by: 1) installing a new world class high velocity rock friction apparatus to perform experiments under deformation conditions typical of earthquakes; 2) studying fossil seismic sources now exhumed at the Earth's surface; 3) analyzing natural and experimental fault rock materials using a novel multidisciplinary approach involving state of the art techniques in microstructural analysis, mineralogy and petrology; 4) producing new theoretical earthquake models calibrated (and tightly constrained) by field observations, mechanical data from rock-friction experiments and analyses of natural and experimental fault rocks. The integration of such an original and complementary data set shall provide an unprecedented insight into the mechanics of seismic faulting. The installation of the new dedicated rock friction apparatus will allow the European Union to become a key world player competing at the top scientific level in the study of earthquake mechanics. The proposed study has additional implications for understanding other friction-controlled processes important in Earth sciences and hazard mitigation (e.g., rock landslides). Friction also has broad applications in the industry, including innovative but poorly understood production processes. Our experimental results will help to improve industrial milling techniques and investigate the mechanical-chemical transformations induced during milling. The latter is the basis of a new technique for the production of hydrocarbons and hydrogen from inorganic and organic materials.'

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