|Coordinatore||RESEAU ACTION CLIMAT - FRANCE
address: 2 B Rue Jules Ferry
|Nazionalità Coordinatore||France [FR]|
|Totale costo||790˙819 €|
|EC contributo||717˙979 €|
Specific Programme "Cooperation": Environment (including Climate Change)
|Anno di inizio||2009|
|Periodo (anno-mese-giorno)||2009-04-01 - 2012-03-31|
RESEAU ACTION CLIMAT - FRANCE
address: 2 B Rue Jules Ferry
CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE
address: Rue Michel -Ange 3
Germanwatch Nord-Sued-Initiative e.V.
address: KAISERSTRASSE 201
INTERNATIONAL NETWORK FOR SUSTAINABLE ENERGY-EUROPE
address: GAMMEL KIRKEVEJ 82
POTSDAM INSTITUT FUER KLIMAFOLGENFORSCHUNG
address: Telegrafenberg 31
Esplora la "nuvola delle parole (Word Cloud) per avere un'idea di massima del progetto.
'The overall aim of ENCI-LowCarb is to engage civil society in research on low carbon scenarios. This will be achieved by : - Creating a European network related to the factor 4 composed by Civil Society Organisations and research institutes - Elaborating two national studies (France and Germany) based on the confrontation between climate policies of low carbon scenarios and civil society organisations (social acceptability) - Disseminating the results to a larger public This project has direct relevance to the last developments of climate change european policies. The Spring Council of 8-9 march 2007 recognized that in order to stabilize the climate and to reach the 2°C objective, industrialized countries need to cut their greenhouse gases emissions by 30% by 2020 and by 60 to 80% by 2050 compared to 1990. In this context, the European Council endorsed an EU objective of a 30% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2020 compared to 1990 as its contribution to a global and comprehensive agreement for the period beyond 2012. Policies able to reach these objectives still have to be conceived, and as there is not one single emission reduction objective common to each member state, there is no unique way to reach it. Discussions on this subject will take into account different national circumstances and potentials : French and German situations in particular will be analysed. But two main elements are decisive in implementing climate policies : of course their economic assessment, but also their social acceptability. The long term impact of the ENCI-LowCarb project will be to enhance the adoption by citizens and decision makers of the new behaviours which are required to reach the Factor 4 objective.'
Civil Society Organisations (CSOs) worked closely with EU researchers to aid in the transition from today's high carbon society to one that is more climate friendly. Energy scenarios outlining low-carbon futures were developed with the help of CSOs to enhance their acceptance of the resulting low carbon pathways.
The 'European network engaging civil society in low carbon scenarios' (ENCI-LOWCARB) project developed low-carbon scenarios that featured ambitious greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction targets. Work carried out by the consortium included the creation of a European network made up of CSOs and research institutes. The http://www.lowcarbon-societies.eu ('Low Carbon Societies Network') facilitated lively debate on existing energy scenarios and best practice, and will be invaluable in establishing a low-carbon society.
Studies conducted in Germany and France examined low-carbon scenarios and the role of CSOs. Researchers studied energy policies and their impact on the economy, employment and the price of goods. The opinions of national stakeholders, such as trade unions, consumer associations and private companies were integrated into innovative applied modelling tools. The tools were used to create climate change mitigation scenarios and included ambitious GHG emission reduction targets using macro-economic models. Results showed the role of the different energy sectors in the wider economy.
In France, the study focused on specific policy measures such as laws, taxes and economic incentives, and identified hurdles to the country becoming more climate friendly. The need for a carbon tax that could trigger funding for transition to a low-carbon economy was also highlighted. The modelling tool used, Imaclim-R, was developed by the International Research Center on Environment and Development (CIRED). Imaclim-R calculated the evolution of the French economy, dividing it into a number of sectors that included energy, transport, construction, energy-intensive industries, agriculture and services.
The German study concentrated on the long-term interplay between technological mitigation options in different sectors of the country's energy system, as well as general macroeconomic considerations. The modelling tool, Remind-D, was developed by the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK).
Stakeholder consultation organised within the ENCI-LOWCARB project showed that concerns regarding concrete measures, decisions and a schedule leading towards a climate-friendly future varied according to which sector of industry stakeholders came from. A number of challenges were identified in both the German and French studies. These included the decoupling of freight transport and gross domestic product (GDP) growth, making acceptable the early decommissioning of coal power plants and the need to retrofit buildings in the face of climate change.
By focusing on the creative process rather than the resulting scenarios, ENCI-LOWCARB was able to demonstrate not only what is technically and economically possible regarding a low-carbon future, but also what is feasible and acceptable to stakeholders.
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