SECRETASES & MYELIN

Role of secretases in myelination

 Coordinatore Ospedale San Raffaele 

 Organization address address: Via Olgettina 60
city: Milano
postcode: 20132

contact info
Titolo: Dr.
Nome: Maria Rosa
Cognome: Pedrazzi
Email: send email
Telefono: 390226000000
Fax: 390226000000

 Nazionalità Coordinatore Italy [IT]
 Totale costo 100˙000 €
 EC contributo 100˙000 €
 Programma FP7-PEOPLE
Specific programme "People" implementing the Seventh Framework Programme of the European Community for research, technological development and demonstration activities (2007 to 2013)
 Code Call FP7-PEOPLE-IRG-2008
 Funding Scheme MC-IRG
 Anno di inizio 2010
 Periodo (anno-mese-giorno) 2010-05-01   -   2014-04-30

 Partecipanti

# participant  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    Ospedale San Raffaele

 Organization address address: Via Olgettina 60
city: Milano
postcode: 20132

contact info
Titolo: Dr.
Nome: Maria Rosa
Cognome: Pedrazzi
Email: send email
Telefono: 390226000000
Fax: 390226000000

IT (Milano) coordinator 0.00
2    FONDAZIONE CENTRO SAN RAFFAELE DEL MONTE TABOR

 Organization address address: Via Olgettina 60
city: MILANO
postcode: 20132

contact info
Titolo: Mr.
Nome: Mario
Cognome: Valsecchi
Email: send email
Telefono: 390226000000
Fax: 390226000000

IT (MILANO) participant 100˙000.00

Mappa


 Word cloud

Esplora la "nuvola delle parole (Word Cloud) per avere un'idea di massima del progetto.

neuronal    membrane    axons    vitro    cells    secretase    survival    proteins    promotes    signal    cleavage    myelination    regulated    pns    myelin    sc    nrg    cns    showed    intracellular    glial    axonal    analyze    mediated    tace    extracellular    cleavable   

 Obiettivo del progetto (Objective)

'The development of glial cells, oligodendrocytes (OL) in CNS and Schwann cells (SC) in PNS, critically depends on axonal contact. Gliogenesis and the phenotype of myelinating glia are regulated by axons. Glial cells promote neuronal survival, regulate the organization of myelinated axons and promote axonal differentiation and myelin sheath production. We recently showed that type III NRG1, a member of the Neuregulin1 (NRG1) family of proteins, is an essential instructive signal for myelination in PNS and directs the ensheathment fate of the axons. We also showed that type III NRG1 promotes CNS myelination and that myelination in CNS and PNS are differentially regulated. Previous studies indicate that membrane bound NRG1 are cleaved by secretases. Upon cleavage in the extracellular region type I and type II NRG1 are released from the neuronal membrane, while type III NRG1 remains tethered on the axonal surface and acts as a juxtacrine signal. The extracellular cleavage is likely to be mediated by the alpha-secretase TACE and by the beta-secretase BACE1. Our studies suggest that type III NRG1 intracellular cleavage is SC dependent and mediated by the gamma-secretase complex. In these studies we will determine the role of these cleavage events in myelination. We will analyze if lentiviruses expressing non-cleavable type III NRG1 can rescue in vitro myelination of type III NRG1 -/- neurons and if non-cleavable type I NRG1 proteins can substitute for type III NRG1. We will also investigate the nature of the molecules regulating NRG1 extracellular cleavage. We will focus on TACE and we will analyze in vitro and in vivo myelination in the absence of TACE. Finally, we will examine if type III NRG1 intracellular cleavage promotes neuronal survival. These studies will provide major insights into the role of type III NRG1 in myelination and will be relevant to develop new therapeutic strategies to promote axonal survival and remyelination.'

Introduzione (Teaser)

Myelination is crucial for the proper functioning of the nervous system. Study of the mechanisms controlling the synthesis of myelin is essential to identify novel avenues of intervention for demyelinating diseases, such as multiple sclerosis.

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