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InDeV: In-Depth understanding of accident causation for Vulnerable road users

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






Project "InDeV" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
address: Paradisgatan 5c
city: LUND
postcode: 22100
website: n.a.

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Sweden [SE]
 Project website
 Total cost 5˙470˙000 €
 EC max contribution 4˙900˙000 € (90%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.3.4. (SOCIETAL CHALLENGES - Smart, Green And Integrated Transport)
 Code Call H2020-MG-2014_TwoStages
 Funding Scheme RIA
 Starting year 2015
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2015-05-01   to  2018-10-31


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    LUNDS UNIVERSITET SE (LUND) coordinator 1˙644˙000.00
2    AALBORG UNIVERSITET DK (AALBORG) participant 1˙298˙750.00
3    UNIVERSITEIT HASSELT BE (HASSELT) participant 594˙375.00
5    INGENIERIA DE TRAFICO SL ES (BARCELONA) participant 317˙500.00
7    POLITECHNIKA WARSZAWSKA PL (WARSZAWA) participant 230˙000.00


 Project objective

The InDeV project addresses the second bullet point of the topic MG.3.4. i.e. “… in-depth understanding of road accident causation…”. The main objective of the project is to develop a tool-box for in-depth analysis of accident causation for Vulnerable Road Users (VRU) based on a combined use of accident databases, in-depth accident investigations, surrogate safety indicators, self-reported accidents and naturalistic behavioural data. The tool-box will help to link accident causation factors to VRUs’ accident risk, and provide a solid basis for developing preventive countermeasures and a better input for socio-economic cost calculations of VRU accidents. The proposed approach is to reveal the causational factors by focusing on the process of accident development, thus overcoming the main weakness of the traditional accident data based approach that might find correlations between various factors and accident frequency, but not show the causation chains. It will also employ, to a larger extent, observation of critical traffic events that are similar in process to real accidents, but are relatively more frequent and easier to collect in sufficient quantities. The InDeV project includes the following steps: i) review of methods and identification of the critical sites and road user groups; ii) observation studies at the selected sites; iii) development of technical tools for automated behaviour data collection; iv) analysis of the socio-economical costs; v) compilation of the project results and development of the safety analyst tool-box. The project has a clear focus on VRUs and the course of events in accidents they get injured in. It will provide solid knowledge, help to avoid a skewed view on the problem of VRUs’ safety, and facilitate the proposed tailor-made countermeasures for these groups. Moreover, with the use of surrogate safety indicators, there will be no need to wait for accidents to happen in order to learn how to prevent them from happening.


List of deliverables.
Watchdog report Documents, reports 2019-10-03 12:52:07
Accident cost calculation methods Documents, reports 2019-10-03 12:52:06
Methods review Documents, reports 2019-10-03 12:52:07
Cost calculation review Documents, reports 2019-10-03 12:52:06
M18 status report Documents, reports 2019-10-03 12:52:06
Newsletter 4 Websites, patent fillings, videos etc. 2019-10-03 12:52:06
Mobile APP report Documents, reports 2019-10-03 12:52:06
Accident self-reporting Documents, reports 2019-10-03 12:52:06
VRU naturalistic studies Documents, reports 2019-10-03 12:52:07
Newsletter 6 Websites, patent fillings, videos etc. 2019-10-03 12:52:06
Newsletter 5 Websites, patent fillings, videos etc. 2019-10-03 12:52:06
Naturalistic study manual Documents, reports 2019-10-03 12:52:06
Surrogate safety indicators Documents, reports 2019-10-03 12:52:06
M36 status report Documents, reports 2019-10-03 12:52:06
Safety diagnosis handbook Documents, reports 2019-10-03 12:52:06
Final report Documents, reports 2019-10-03 12:52:06
Automated conflict observations manual Documents, reports 2019-10-03 12:52:06
Newsletter 1 Websites, patent fillings, videos etc. 2019-10-03 12:52:05
Final exploitation plan Documents, reports 2019-10-03 12:52:06
Preliminary exploitation plan Documents, reports 2019-10-03 12:52:05
Newsletter 2 Websites, patent fillings, videos etc. 2019-10-03 12:52:05
Watchdog software Other 2019-10-03 12:52:05
Project plan Documents, reports 2019-10-03 12:52:05
Newsletter 3 Websites, patent fillings, videos etc. 2019-10-03 12:52:05
Communication & dissemination plan Documents, reports 2019-10-03 12:52:05
Project leaflet Websites, patent fillings, videos etc. 2019-10-03 12:52:05

Take a look to the deliverables list in detail:  detailed list of InDeV deliverables.


year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2018 Piotr Olszewski, Beata Osińska, Piotr Szagała, Paweł Włodarek
Development of accident prediction models for pedestrian crossings
published pages: 3002, ISSN: 2261-236X, DOI: 10.1051/matecconf/201823103002
MATEC Web of Conferences 231 2019-10-03
2018 Chris H. Bahnsen, Thomas B. Moeslund
Rain Removal in Traffic Surveillance: Does it Matter?
published pages: 1-18, ISSN: 1524-9050, DOI: 10.1109/TITS.2018.2872502
IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems 2019-10-03
2016 Morten Borno Jensen, Mark Philip Philipsen, Andreas Mogelmose, Thomas Baltzer Moeslund, Mohan Manubhai Trivedi
Vision for Looking at Traffic Lights: Issues, Survey, and Perspectives
published pages: 1800-1815, ISSN: 1524-9050, DOI: 10.1109/tits.2015.2509509
IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems 17/7 2019-10-03
2019 Wouter van Haperen, Malik Sarmad Riaz, Stijn Daniels, Nicolas Saunier, Tom Brijs, Geert Wets
Observing the observation of (vulnerable) road user behaviour and traffic safety: A scoping review
published pages: 211-221, ISSN: 0001-4575, DOI: 10.1016/j.aap.2018.11.021
Accident Analysis & Prevention 123 2019-10-03
2016 Jacob Velling Dueholm, Miklas Strom Kristoffersen, Ravi Kumar Satzoda, Thomas Baltzer Moeslund, Mohan Manubhai Trivedi
Trajectories and Maneuvers of Surrounding Vehicles With Panoramic Camera Arrays
published pages: 203-214, ISSN: 2379-8904, DOI: 10.1109/tiv.2016.2622921
IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Vehicles 1/2 2019-10-03
2019 Piotr Olszewski, Piotr Szagała, Daniel Rabczenko, Anna Zielińska
Investigating safety of vulnerable road users in selected EU countries
published pages: 49-57, ISSN: 0022-4375, DOI: 10.1016/j.jsr.2018.12.001
Journal of Safety Research 68 2019-10-03
2016 Aliaksei Laureshyn, Maartje de Goede, Nicolas Saunier, Aslak Fyhri
Cross-comparison of three surrogate safety methods to diagnose cyclist safety problems at intersections in Norway
published pages: , ISSN: 0001-4575, DOI: 10.1016/j.aap.2016.04.035
Accident Analysis & Prevention 2019-10-03
2016 Tanja Kidholm Osmann Madsen, Harry Lahrmann
Comparison of five bicycle facility designs in signalized intersections using traffic conflict studies
published pages: , ISSN: 1369-8478, DOI: 10.1016/j.trf.2016.05.008
Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour 2019-10-03
2017 Rasa Ušpalytė-Vitkūnienė, Aliaksei Laureshyn
published pages: 161-166, ISSN: 1822-427X, DOI: 10.3846/bjrbe.2017.19
The Baltic Journal of Road and Bridge Engineering 12/3 2019-10-03
2016 P. Olszewski, B. Osińska, P. Szagała, P. Skoczyński, A. Zielińska
Problems with Assessing Safety of Vulnerable Road Users Based on Traffic Accident Data
published pages: , ISSN: 1230-2945, DOI: 10.1515/ace-2015-0113
Archives of Civil Engineering 62/4 2019-10-03
2017 Aliaksei Laureshyn, Tim De Ceunynck, Christoffer Karlsson, Ã…se Svensson, Stijn Daniels
In search of the severity dimension of traffic events: Extended Delta-V as a traffic conflict indicator
published pages: 46-56, ISSN: 0001-4575, DOI: 10.1016/j.aap.2016.09.026
Accident Analysis & Prevention 98 2019-10-03
2016 Thiemo Alldieck, Chris Bahnsen, Thomas Moeslund
Context-Aware Fusion of RGB and Thermal Imagery for Traffic Monitoring
published pages: 1947, ISSN: 1424-8220, DOI: 10.3390/s16111947
Sensors 16/11 2019-10-03
2016 Martin Ahrnbom, Kalle Astrom, Mikael Nilsson
Fast Classification of Empty and Occupied Parking Spaces Using Integral Channel Features
published pages: 9-15, ISSN: , DOI:
The IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR) Workshops 2019-10-03
2016 Jensen, O.B.; Moeslund, T.B.; Gade, R, Jørgensen, A, Lassen, C, Frølund, M, Lange, ISG, Murzea, DL, Meyer, MA & Andersen, NT
Termiske kameraer i fremtidens trafikplanlægning
published pages: 58-60, ISSN: 1903-7384, DOI:
Trafik & Veje 93(5), 2016, Nr.5 2019-10-03
2016 Piotr Olszewski, Beata Osińska, Anna Zielińska
Pedestrian Safety at Traffic Signals in Warsaw
published pages: 1174-1182, ISSN: 2352-1465, DOI: 10.1016/j.trpro.2016.05.188
Transportation Research Procedia 14 2019-10-03
2018 Morten B. Jensen, Chris H. Bahnsen, Harry S. Lahrmann, Tanja K. O. Madsen, Thomas B. Moeslund
Collecting Traffic Video Data Using Portable Poles: Survey, Proposal, and Analysis
published pages: 376-400, ISSN: 2160-0473, DOI: 10.4236/jtts.2018.84021
Journal of Transportation Technologies 08/04 2019-10-03
2018 Aliaksei Laureshyn, Mikael Nilsson
How Accurately Can We Measure from Video? Practical Considerations and Enhancements of the Camera Calibration Procedure
published pages: 36119811877419, ISSN: 0361-1981, DOI: 10.1177/0361198118774194
Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board Jun 8, 2018 2019-10-03
2017 Madsen, T.K.O.; Tønning, C.; Holt, L.; Lahrmann, H.
Videoanalyse af konflikter i kryds - eksempel fra Jammerbugt Kommune
published pages: 29-31, ISSN: 1903-7384, DOI:
Trafik & Veje 9 2019-10-03
2016 Madsen, T.K.O., Christensen, P.M., Bahnsen, C., Jensen, M.B., Moeslund, T.B. & Lahrmann, H.S.
RUBA-Videoanalyseprogram til trafikanalyser trafik og veje
published pages: 14-17, ISSN: 1903-7384, DOI:
Trafik & Veje 93(5), 2016, Nr.3 2019-10-03
2018 Noor Azreena Kamaluddin, Camilla Sloth Andersen, Mette Kathrine Larsen, Katrine Rabjerg Meltofte, András Várhelyi
Self-reporting traffic crashes – a systematic literature review
published pages: , ISSN: 1867-0717, DOI: 10.1186/s12544-018-0301-0
European Transport Research Review 10/2 2019-10-03
2018 Carl Johnsson, Aliaksei Laureshyn, Tim De Ceunynck
In search of surrogate safety indicators for vulnerable road users: a review of surrogate safety indicators
published pages: 1-21, ISSN: 0144-1647, DOI: 10.1080/01441647.2018.1442888
Transport Reviews 2019-10-03

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