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Active Magnetorheological Elastomers: from Hierarchical Composite Materials to tailored Instabilities

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






Project "MAGNETO" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
address: RUE MICHEL ANGE 3
city: PARIS
postcode: 75794

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country France [FR]
 Project website
 Total cost 1˙499˙206 €
 EC max contribution 1˙499˙206 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2014-STG
 Funding Scheme ERC-STG
 Starting year 2015
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2015-04-01   to  2020-03-31


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 


 Project objective

In recent years, there has been an increased effort by scientists to obtain new composite materials with extreme properties. Inspired by natural and biological processes, scientists have proposed the use of hierarchical architectures (i.e., assembly of structural components) spanning several length scales from nanometer to centimeter sizes. Depending each time on the desired properties of the composite material, optimization with respect to its stiffness, weight, density, toughness and other properties is carried out. In the present subject, the interest is in magneto-mechanical coupling and tailored instabilities. Hierarchical materials, such as magnetorheological elastomers (MREs) which combine magnetic particles (at the scale of nanometers and micrometers) embedded in a soft polymeric non-magnetic matrix, give rise to a coupled magneto-mechanical response at the macroscopic (order of millimeters and centimeters) scale when they are subjected to combined magneto-mechanical external stimuli. These composite materials can deform at very large strains due to the presence of the soft polymeric matrix without fracturing. From an unconventional point of view, a remarkable property of these materials is that while they can become unstable by combined magneto-mechanical loading, their response is well controlled in the post-instability regime. This, in turn, allows us to try to operate these materials in this critically stable region, similar to most biological systems. These instabilities can lead to extreme responses such as wrinkles (for haptic applications), actively controlled stiffness (for cell-growth) and acoustic properties with only marginal changes in the externally applied magnetic fields. Unlike the current modeling of hierarchical composites, MREs require the development of novel experimental techniques and advanced coupled nonlinear magneto-mechanical models in order to tailor the desired macroscopic instability response at finite strains.


year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2019 D. Mukherjee, K. Danas
An evolving switching surface model for ferromagnetic hysteresis
published pages: 33902, ISSN: 0021-8979, DOI: 10.1063/1.5051483
Journal of Applied Physics 125/3 2020-04-09
2019 K. Danas, D. Mukherjee, K. Haldar, N. Triantafyllidis
Bifurcation analysis of twisted liquid crystal bilayers
published pages: 61-79, ISSN: 0022-5096, DOI: 10.1016/j.jmps.2018.09.008
Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids 123 2020-04-09
2018 K. Anoukou, R. Brenner, F. Hong, M. Pellerin, K. Danas
Random distribution of polydisperse ellipsoidal inclusions and homogenization estimates for porous elastic materials
published pages: 87-101, ISSN: 0045-7949, DOI: 10.1016/j.compstruc.2018.08.006
Computers & Structures 210 2020-04-09
2019 E. Psarra, L. Bodelot, K. Danas
Wrinkling to crinkling transitions and curvature localization in a magnetoelastic film bonded to a non-magnetic substrate
published pages: 103734, ISSN: 0022-5096, DOI: 10.1016/j.jmps.2019.103734
Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids 133 2020-04-09
2019 O. Zerhouni, M.G. Tarantino, K. Danas
Numerically-aided 3D printed random isotropic porous materials approaching the Hashin-Shtrikman bounds
published pages: 344-354, ISSN: 1359-8368, DOI: 10.1016/j.compositesb.2018.08.032
Composites Part B: Engineering 156 2020-04-09
2019 M.G. Tarantino, K. Danas
Programmable higher-order Euler buckling modes in hierarchical beams
published pages: 170-183, ISSN: 0020-7683, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijsolstr.2019.03.009
International Journal of Solids and Structures 167 2020-04-09
2019 M.G. Tarantino, O. Zerhouni, K. Danas
Random 3D-printed isotropic composites with high volume fraction of pore-like polydisperse inclusions and near-optimal elastic stiffness
published pages: 331-340, ISSN: 1359-6454, DOI: 10.1016/j.actamat.2019.06.020
Acta Materialia 175 2020-04-09
2019 L.A. Spyrou, S. Brisard, K. Danas
Multiscale modeling of skeletal muscle tissues based on analytical and numerical homogenization
published pages: 97-117, ISSN: 1751-6161, DOI: 10.1016/j.jmbbm.2018.12.030
Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials 92 2020-04-09
2017 M.G. Tarantino, M. Caruel, K. Danas
Buckling response of architectured columns: controlling instability across the scales through a rational design
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
Colloque National en Calcul des Structures 2020-04-09
2017 E. Bele, A. Goel, E.G. Pickering, G. Borstnar, O.L. Katsamenis, F. Pierron, K. Danas, V.S. Deshpande
Deformation mechanisms of idealised cermets under multi-axial loading
published pages: , ISSN: 0022-5096, DOI: 10.1016/j.jmps.2017.01.002
Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids 2020-04-09
2017 L.A. Spyrou, M. Agoras, K. Danas
A homogenization model of the Voigt type for skeletal muscle
published pages: 50-61, ISSN: 0022-5193, DOI: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2016.11.018
Journal of Theoretical Biology 414 2020-04-09
2017 JP. Voropaieff, L. Bodelot, K. Danas, N. Triantafyllidis
Modeling and Identification of the constitutive behavior of magneto-rheological elastomers
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
Colloque National en Calcul des Structures 2020-04-09
2017 Erato Psarra, Laurence Bodelot, Kostas Danas
Two-field surface pattern control via marginally stable magnetorheological elastomers
published pages: 6576-6584, ISSN: 1744-683X, DOI: 10.1039/c7sm00996h
Soft Matter 13/37 2020-04-09
2017 E. Psarra, K. Danas, L. Bodelot
Instability of MRE film-substrate block under magneto-mechanical
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
Colloque National en Calcul des Structures 2020-04-09
2016 G. I. Sfyris, K. Danas, G. Wen, N. Triantafyllidis
Freedericksz instability for the twisted nematic device: A three-dimensional analysis
published pages: , ISSN: 2470-0045, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.94.012704
Physical Review E 94/1 2020-04-09
2017 L. Cheng, K. Danas, A. Constantinescu, D. Kondo
A homogenization model for porous ductile solids under cyclic loads comprising a matrix with isotropic and linear kinematic hardening
published pages: 174-190, ISSN: 0020-7683, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijsolstr.2017.05.024
International Journal of Solids and Structures 121 2020-04-09
2017 Krishnendu Haldar, Kostas Danas and Nicolas Triantafyllidis
Bilayer Liquid Crystal and Freedericksz Instability
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
Colloquium on Computational Mechanics for Young Scientists from Academia and Industry 2020-04-09

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