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A-LIFE SIGNED

Absorbing aerosol layers in a changing climate: aging, lifetime and dynamics

Total Cost €

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EC-Contrib. €

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Partnership

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 A-LIFE project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the A-LIFE project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "A-LIFE" about.

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Project "A-LIFE" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
UNIVERSITAT WIEN 

Organization address
address: UNIVERSITATSRING 1
city: WIEN
postcode: 1010
website: www.univie.ac.at

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Austria [AT]
 Project website http://www.a-life.at/
 Total cost 1˙987˙980 €
 EC max contribution 1˙987˙980 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2014-STG
 Funding Scheme ERC-STG
 Starting year 2015
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2015-10-01   to  2020-09-30

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    UNIVERSITAT WIEN AT (WIEN) coordinator 1˙987˙980.00
2    LUDWIG-MAXIMILIANS-UNIVERSITAET MUENCHEN DE (MUENCHEN) participant 0.00

Map

 Project objective

Aerosols (i.e. tiny particles suspended in the air) are regularly transported in huge amounts over long distances impacting air quality, health, weather and climate thousands of kilometers downwind of the source. Aerosols affect the atmospheric radiation budget through scattering and absorption of solar radiation and through their role as cloud/ice nuclei. In particular, light absorption by aerosol particles such as mineral dust and black carbon (BC; thought to be the second strongest contribution to current global warming after CO2) is of fundamental importance from a climate perspective because the presence of absorbing particles (1) contributes to solar radiative forcing, (2) heats absorbing aerosol layers, (3) can evaporate clouds and (4) change atmospheric dynamics.

Considering this prominent role of aerosols, vertically-resolved in-situ data on absorbing aerosols are surprisingly scarce and aerosol-dynamic interactions are poorly understood in general. This is, as recognized in the last IPCC report, a serious barrier for taking the accuracy of climate models and predictions to the next level. To overcome this barrier, I propose to investigate aging, lifetime and dynamics of absorbing aerosol layers with a holistic end-to-end approach including laboratory studies, airborne field experiments and numerical model simulations.

Building on the internationally recognized results of my aerosol research group and my long-term experience with airborne aerosol measurements, the time seems ripe to systematically bridge the gap between in-situ measurements of aerosol microphysical and optical properties and the assessment of dynamical interactions of absorbing particles with aerosol layer lifetime through model simulations.

The outcomes of this project will provide fundamental new understanding of absorbing aerosol layers in the climate system and important information for addressing the benefits of BC emission controls for mitigating climate change.

 Publications

year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2019 Matthias Wiegner, Ina Mattis, Margit Pattantyús-Ábrahám, Juan Antonio Bravo-Aranda, Yann Poltera, Alexander Haefele, Maxime Hervo, Ulrich Görsdorf, Ronny Leinweber, Josef Gasteiger, Martial Haeffelin, Frank Wagner, Jan Cermak, Katerina Komínková, Mike Brettle, Christoph Münkel, Kornelia Pönitz
Aerosol backscatter profiles from ceilometers: validation of water vapor correction in the framework of CeiLinEx2015
published pages: 471-490, ISSN: 1867-8548, DOI: 10.5194/amt-12-471-2019
Atmospheric Measurement Techniques 12/1 2020-04-09
2019 Daniel M. Murphy, Karl D. Froyd, Huisheng Bian, Charles A. Brock, Jack E. Dibb, Joshua P. DiGangi, Glenn Diskin, Maximillian Dollner, Agnieszka Kupc, Eric M. Scheuer, Gregory P. Schill, Bernadett Weinzierl, Christina J. Williamson, Pengfei Yu
The distribution of sea-salt aerosol in the global troposphere
published pages: 4093-4104, ISSN: 1680-7324, DOI: 10.5194/acp-19-4093-2019
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 19/6 2020-04-09
2019 J. Christopher Kaiser, Johannes Hendricks, Mattia Righi, Patrick Jöckel, Holger Tost, Konrad Kandler, Bernadett Weinzierl, Daniel Sauer, Katharina Heimerl, Joshua P. Schwarz, Anne E. Perring, Thomas Popp
Global aerosol modeling with MADE3 (v3.0) in EMAC (based on v2.53): model description and evaluation
published pages: 541-579, ISSN: 1991-9603, DOI: 10.5194/gmd-12-541-2019
Geoscientific Model Development 12/1 2020-04-09
2018 Josef Gasteiger, Matthias Wiegner
MOPSMAP v1.0: a versatile tool for the modeling of aerosol optical properties
published pages: 2739-2762, ISSN: 1991-9603, DOI: 10.5194/gmd-11-2739-2018
Geoscientific Model Development 11/7 2020-04-09
2018 Ka Lok Chan, Matthias Wiegner, Harald Flentje, Ina Mattis, Frank Wagner, Josef Gasteiger, Alexander Geiß
Evaluation of ECMWF-IFS (version 41R1) operational model forecasts of aerosol transport by using ceilometer network measurements
published pages: 3807-3831, ISSN: 1991-9603, DOI: 10.5194/gmd-11-3807-2018
Geoscientific Model Development 11/9 2020-04-09
2018 Marianne T. Lund, Bjørn H. Samset, Ragnhild B. Skeie, Duncan Watson-Parris, Joseph M. Katich, Joshua P. Schwarz, Bernadett Weinzierl
Short Black Carbon lifetime inferred from a global set of aircraft observations
published pages: , ISSN: 2397-3722, DOI: 10.1038/s41612-018-0040-x
npj Climate and Atmospheric Science 1/1 2020-04-09
2018 Christiane Schulz, Johannes Schneider, Bruna Amorim Holanda, Oliver Appel, Anja Costa, Suzane S. de Sá, Volker Dreiling, Daniel Fütterer, Tina Jurkat-Witschas, Thomas Klimach, Christoph Knote, Martina Krämer, Scot T. Martin, Stephan Mertes, Mira L. Pöhlker, Daniel Sauer, Christiane Voigt, Adrian Walser, Bernadett Weinzierl, Helmut Ziereis, Martin Zöger, Meinrat O. Andreae, Paulo Artaxo, Luiz A. T. Machado, Ulrich Pöschl, Manfred Wendisch, Stephan Borrmann
Aircraft-based observations of isoprene-epoxydiol-derived secondary organic aerosol (IEPOX-SOA) in the tropical upper troposphere over the Amazon region
published pages: 14979-15001, ISSN: 1680-7324, DOI: 10.5194/acp-18-14979-2018
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 18/20 2020-04-09
2018 Joseph M. Katich, B. H. Samset, T. Paul Bui, M. Dollner, K. D. Froyd, P. Campuzano-Jost, B. A. Nault, J. C. Schroder, B. Weinzierl, J. P. Schwarz
Strong Contrast in Remote Black Carbon Aerosol Loadings Between the Atlantic and Pacific Basins
published pages: 13,386-13,395, ISSN: 2169-897X, DOI: 10.1029/2018jd029206
Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 123/23 2020-04-09
2017 Moritz Haarig, Albert Ansmann, Josef Gasteiger, Konrad Kandler, Dietrich Althausen, Holger Baars, Martin Radenz, David A. Farrell
Dry versus wet marine particle optical properties: RH dependence of depolarization ratio, backscatter, and extinction from multiwavelength lidar measurements during SALTRACE
published pages: 14199-14217, ISSN: 1680-7316, DOI: 10.5194/acp-17-14199-2017
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 17/23 2020-04-09
2017 Josef Gasteiger, Silke Groß, Daniel Sauer, Moritz Haarig, Albert Ansmann, Bernadett Weinzierl
Particle settling and vertical mixing in the Saharan Air Layer as seen from an integrated model, lidar, and in situ perspective
published pages: 297-311, ISSN: 1680-7324, DOI: 10.5194/acp-17-297-2017
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 17/1 2020-04-09
2017 Fernando Chouza, Benjamin Witschas, Oliver Reitebuch
Heterodyne high-spectral-resolution lidar
published pages: 8121, ISSN: 1559-128X, DOI: 10.1364/AO.56.008121
Applied Optics 56/29 2020-04-09
2017 Micael A. Cecchini, Luiz A. T. Machado, Manfred Wendisch, Anja Costa, Martina Krämer, Meinrat O. Andreae, Armin Afchine, Rachel I. Albrecht, Paulo Artaxo, Stephan Borrmann, Daniel Fütterer, Thomas Klimach, Christoph Mahnke, Scot T. Martin, Andreas Minikin, Sergej Molleker, Lianet H. Pardo, Christopher Pöhlker, Mira L. Pöhlker, Ulrich Pöschl, Daniel Rosenfeld, Bernadett Weinzierl
Illustration of microphysical processes in Amazonian deep convective clouds in the gamma phase space: introduction and potential applications
published pages: 14727-14746, ISSN: 1680-7316, DOI: 10.5194/acp-17-14727-2017
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 17/23 2020-04-09
2017 Micael A. Cecchini, Luiz A. T. Machado, Meinrat O. Andreae, Scot T. Martin, Rachel I. Albrecht, Paulo Artaxo, Henrique M. J. Barbosa, Stephan Borrmann, Daniel Fütterer, Tina Jurkat, Christoph Mahnke, Andreas Minikin, Sergej Molleker, Mira L. Pöhlker, Ulrich Pöschl, Daniel Rosenfeld, Christiane Voigt, Bernadett Weinzierl, Manfred Wendisch
Sensitivities of Amazonian clouds to aerosols and updraft speed
published pages: 10037-10050, ISSN: 1680-7316, DOI: 10.5194/acp-17-10037-2017
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 17/16 2020-04-09
2018 Meinrat O. Andreae, Armin Afchine, Rachel Albrecht, Bruna Amorim Holanda, Paulo Artaxo, Henrique M. J. Barbosa, Stephan Borrmann, Micael A. Cecchini, Anja Costa, Maximilian Dollner, Daniel Fütterer, Emma Järvinen, Tina Jurkat, Thomas Klimach, Tobias Konemann, Christoph Knote, Martina Krämer, Trismono Krisna, Luiz A. T. Machado, Stephan Mertes, Andreas Minikin, Christopher Pöhlker, Mira L. Pöhlker, Ulrich Pöschl, Daniel Rosenfeld, Daniel Sauer, Hans Schlager, Martin Schnaiter, Johannes Schneider, Christiane Schulz, Antonio Spanu, Vinicius B. Sperling, Christiane Voigt, Adrian Walser, Jian Wang, Bernadett Weinzierl, Manfred Wendisch, Helmut Ziereis
Aerosol characteristics and particle production in the upper troposphere over the Amazon Basin
published pages: 921-961, ISSN: 1680-7316, DOI: 10.5194/acp-18-921-2018
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 18/2 2020-04-09
2017 Kathy S. Law, Anke Roiger, Jennie L. Thomas, Louis Marelle, Jean-Christophe Raut, Stig Dalsøren, Jan Fuglestvedt, Paolo Tuccella, Bernadett Weinzierl, Hans Schlager
Local Arctic air pollution: Sources and impacts
published pages: 453-463, ISSN: 0044-7447, DOI: 10.1007/s13280-017-0962-2
Ambio 46/S3 2020-04-09
2017 Bernadett Weinzierl, A. Ansmann, J. M. Prospero, D. Althausen, N. Benker, F. Chouza, M. Dollner, D. Farrell, W. K. Fomba, V. Freudenthaler, J. Gasteiger, S. Groß, M. Haarig, B. Heinold, K. Kandler, T. B. Kristensen, O. L. Mayol-Bracero, T. Müller, O. Reitebuch, D. Sauer, A. Schäfler, K. Schepanski, A. Spanu, I. Tegen, C. Toledano, A. Walser
The Saharan Aerosol Long-Range Transport and Aerosol–Cloud-Interaction Experiment: Overview and Selected Highlights
published pages: 1427-1451, ISSN: 0003-0007, DOI: 10.1175/BAMS-D-15-00142.1
Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 98/7 2020-04-09
2017 Jean-Christophe Raut, Louis Marelle, Jerome D. Fast, Jennie L. Thomas, Bernadett Weinzierl, Katharine S. Law, Larry K. Berg, Anke Roiger, Richard C. Easter, Katharina Heimerl, Tatsuo Onishi, Julien Delanoë, Hans Schlager
Cross-polar transport and scavenging of Siberian aerosols containing black carbon during the 2012 ACCESS summer campaign
published pages: 10969-10995, ISSN: 1680-7316, DOI: 10.5194/acp-17-10969-2017
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 17/18 2020-04-09
2017 Richard H. Moore, Kenneth L. Thornhill, Bernadett Weinzierl, Daniel Sauer, Eugenio D’Ascoli, Jin Kim, Michael Lichtenstern, Monika Scheibe, Brian Beaton, Andreas J. Beyersdorf, John Barrick, Dan Bulzan, Chelsea A. Corr, Ewan Crosbie, Tina Jurkat, Robert Martin, Dean Riddick, Michael Shook, Gregory Slover, Christiane Voigt, Robert White, Edward Winstead, Richard Yasky, Luke D. Ziemba, Anthony Brown, Hans Schlager, Bruce E. Anderson
Biofuel blending reduces particle emissions from aircraft engines at cruise conditions
published pages: 411-415, ISSN: 0028-0836, DOI: 10.1038/nature21420
Nature 543/7645 2020-04-09
2017 Adrian Walser, Daniel Sauer, Antonio Spanu, Josef Gasteiger, Bernadett Weinzierl
On the parametrization of optical particle counter response including instrument-induced broadening of size spectra and a self-consistent evaluation of calibration measurements
published pages: 1-30, ISSN: 1867-1381, DOI: 10.5194/amt-2017-81
Atmospheric Measurement Techniques Discussions 2020-04-09
2017 Joshua P. Schwarz, Bernadett Weinzierl, Bjørn H. Samset, Maximilian Dollner, Katharina Heimerl, Milos Z. Markovic, Anne E. Perring, Luke Ziemba
Aircraft measurements of black carbon vertical profiles show upper tropospheric variability and stability
published pages: 1132-1140, ISSN: 0094-8276, DOI: 10.1002/2016GL071241
Geophysical Research Letters 44/2 2020-04-09

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