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MicroEcoEvol

Ecological and evolutionary forces shaping microbial diversity in freshwater blooms

Total Cost €

0

EC-Contrib. €

0

Partnership

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Project "MicroEcoEvol" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
THE UNIVERSITY OF EXETER 

Organization address
address: THE QUEEN'S DRIVE NORTHCOTE HOUSE
city: EXETER
postcode: EX4 4QJ
website: www.ex.ac.uk

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country United Kingdom [UK]
 Project website http://www.shapirolab.ca/realtimegenomics.html
 Total cost 255˙349 €
 EC max contribution 255˙349 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.3.2. (Nurturing excellence by means of cross-border and cross-sector mobility)
 Code Call H2020-MSCA-IF-2014
 Funding Scheme MSCA-IF-GF
 Starting year 2015
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2015-06-01   to  2018-05-31

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    THE UNIVERSITY OF EXETER UK (EXETER) coordinator 255˙349.00
2    UNIVERSITE DE MONTREAL CA (MONTREAL) partner 0.00

Map

 Project objective

'Bacterial communities dominate the living biomass on Earth and contribute significantly to all global cycles of matter and energy. However, due to the high genetic heterogeneity of the ecosystems and their richness in diverse microbial species, our knowledge of bacterial communities remains limited. Therefore, in order to understand any bacterial community's ecology and predict how these communities and their respective ecosystems will respond to environmental changes, we need (i) to identify the different ecologically distinct microbial populations (or 'clusters') that compose it, and (ii) to determine the interactions between clusters, and how they evolve. To address these challenging goals, this study will use the model system of Microcystis, the cyanobacterium that is mainly responsible for toxic algal bloom in lakes worldwide. The goal of this project is to (i) determine how (and if) Microcystis is specialized into different ecologically and genetically distinct clusters, (ii) to track how the Microcystis populations (or clusters) respond to environmental changes (pH, temperature, pollution from fertilizer runoff) and biological factors (viruses that prey on bacteria). This will allow us to understand how Microcystis populations change and adapt over time, helping us to predict and prevent harmful blooms. Using a unique multidisciplinary approach mixing ecology and evolution, and combining observations from natural time-courses in lakes, in situ experiments in microcosms within lakes, and in vitro experiments, this project will provide an unprecedented understanding of how changing regimes of natural selection, imposed by environmental and biological factors, shape microbial communities on the scales of populations, genomes and genes. This project will provide major advances in bloom understanding, in prediction by the identification new genetic biomarkers and in prevention by defining the conditions under which phage therapy might be a practical strategy.'

 Publications

year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2018 Nicolas Tromas, Zofia E. Taranu, Bryan D. Martin, Amy Willis, Nathalie Fortin, Charles W. Greer, B. Jesse Shapiro
Niche Separation Increases With Genetic Distance Among Bloom-Forming Cyanobacteria
published pages: , ISSN: 1664-302X, DOI: 10.3389/fmicb.2018.00438
Frontiers in Microbiology 9 2019-06-13
2018 Elze Hesse, Siobhán O\'Brien, Nicolas Tromas, Florian Bayer, Adela M. Luján, Eleanor M. van Veen, Dave J. Hodgson, Angus Buckling
Ecological selection of siderophore-producing microbial taxa in response to heavy metal contamination
published pages: 117-127, ISSN: 1461-023X, DOI: 10.1111/ele.12878
Ecology Letters 21/1 2019-06-13
2017 Nicolas Tromas, Nathalie Fortin, Larbi Bedrani, Yves Terrat, Pedro Cardoso, David Bird, Charles W Greer, B Jesse Shapiro
Characterising and predicting cyanobacterial blooms in an 8-year amplicon sequencing time course
published pages: 1746–1763, ISSN: 1751-7362, DOI: 10.1038/ismej.2017.58
The ISME Journal The ISME Journal (2017) 11 2019-06-13

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The information about "MICROECOEVOL" are provided by the European Opendata Portal: CORDIS opendata.

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