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State Fragmentation and Sub-State Actors in Comparative Perspective: Somalia and Afghanistan

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






Project "FRAGMENTATION" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
postcode: 6525 EZ

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Netherlands [NL]
 Project website
 Total cost 177˙598 €
 EC max contribution 177˙598 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.3.2. (Nurturing excellence by means of cross-border and cross-sector mobility)
 Code Call H2020-MSCA-IF-2014
 Funding Scheme MSCA-IF-EF-RI
 Starting year 2015
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2015-09-01   to  2017-08-31


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 


 Project objective

This project offers to study processes of state formation and state fragmentation by conducting extensive fieldwork and an in-depth analysis of sub-state actors in Somalia and Afghanistan. While conventional views assume that most international actors prefer building bureaucratic states, this work aims to investigate the post 9/11 shift in international engagement that consists in identifying sub-state actors with the ability to control populations. This policy-relevant agenda is in line with the need for a better understanding of state failure that was identified in the 2004 Barcelona report. The EU requires a sound strategic thinking on state-building to counter-balance the American model that has shown its limits in Iraq and Afghanistan. This project aims to explain why states remain fragmented and will identify the conditions under which sub-state actors integrate into the state’s institutions. It will develop a theory of sub-state authority that is capable of falsifying two dominant paradigms of state formation: state formation as a struggle against societal forces; and state formation as a bargaining process. It will test hypotheses on the nature of political order at the sub-state level and the role of the international environment in sub-state governance. In addition to generating scientific knowledge on sub-state authorities and producing high quality publications, this work will unfold an elaborate outreach strategy, which could in turn benefit the reconstruction of a viable political order in Afghanistan, Somalia, and elsewhere. The Individual Fellowship would provide the applicant with a unique opportunity to implement this innovative research agenda, improve his methodological and theoretical skills in the process, and advance his long-term career objectives. It would strengthen his integration into the European scientific community while greatly benefiting his host institution in retaining a researcher with high potential for scientific objectives.


year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2016 Romain Malejacq
Warlords, Intervention, and State Consolidation: A Typology of Political Orders in Weak and Failed States
published pages: 85-110, ISSN: 0963-6412, DOI: 10.1080/09636412.2016.1134191
Security Studies 25/1 2019-06-18
2017 Romain Malejacq
“Ahmad Shad Massoud: Rebellenbestuur en ‘warlord diplomacy’ in Afghanistan (1979 – 2001)”
published pages: 213-228., ISSN: , DOI:
De alledaagse rebel: Tien rebellengroepen in het Zuiden 2019-06-18
2016 Romain Malejacq, Dipali Mukhopadhyay
The ‘Tribal Politics’ of Field Research: A Reflection on Power and Partiality in 21st-Century Warzones
published pages: 1011-1028, ISSN: 1537-5927, DOI: 10.1017/S1537592716002899
Perspectives on Politics 14/04 2019-06-18
2017 Romain Malejacq
Pro-Government Militias
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI: 10.1093/OBO/9780199743292-0213
Oxford Bibliographies in International Relations 2019-06-18
2017 Romain Malejacq
From Rebel to Quasi-State: Governance, Diplomacy and Legitimacy in the Midst of Afghanistan’s Wars (1979–2001)
published pages: 867-886, ISSN: 0959-2318, DOI: 10.1080/09592318.2017.1322332
Small Wars & Insurgencies 28/4-5 2019-06-18

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The information about "FRAGMENTATION" are provided by the European Opendata Portal: CORDIS opendata.

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