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Elephant Project SIGNED

How elephants grow old

Total Cost €

0

EC-Contrib. €

0

Partnership

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Project "Elephant Project" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
TURUN YLIOPISTO 

Organization address
address: YLIOPISTONMAKI
city: Turku
postcode: 20014
website: www.utu.fi

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Finland [FI]
 Project website http://elephant-project.science/
 Total cost 1˙949˙316 €
 EC max contribution 1˙949˙316 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2014-CoG
 Funding Scheme ERC-COG
 Starting year 2016
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2016-01-01   to  2021-12-31

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    TURUN YLIOPISTO FI (Turku) coordinator 1˙949˙316.00
2    THE UNIVERSITY OF SHEFFIELD UK (SHEFFIELD) participant 0.00

Map

 Project objective

The ageing population structure of most European countries has major health, economic and social consequences that lead to a need to better understand both the evolutionary limitations of deferring ageing, as well as the mechanisms involved in growing old. Ageing involves reduced fertility, mobility and ability to combat disease, but some individuals cope with growing old better than others. Improving the quality of life at old age and predicting future changes in longevity patterns of societies might depend on our ability to develop indicators of how old we really are and how many healthy years we have ahead, and how those indicators depend on our health history across several decades. Yet, most model species used in biology are short-lived and provide a poor comparison to long-lived mammals such as humans. Further, they do not often inform on the mechanisms of ageing alongside its fitness consequences in natural populations of long-lived mammals. This project integrates different ageing mechanisms with unique data on lifelong disease and reproductive history in the most long-lived non-human mammal studied so far, the Asian elephant. I will examine how different mechanisms of ageing (telomere dynamics, oxidative stress and telomerase activity) interact with lifelong disease and reproductive history, and current endocrinological measures of stress and reproductive status. This will help us to better understand both the mechanisms of ageing and their consequences on senescence rates. To do so, I will combine the most comprehensive demographic data (N~10.000) on Asian elephants in the world with bi-monthly health assessments and disease records across life (N~2500) and with longitudinal markers of ageing and hormonal correlates of stress and reproductive potential (N~240). Understanding changes in health across life and its links to ageing rates, stress levels and life-history in a species as long-lived as humans will be relevant to a large range of end-users.

 Publications

year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2020 Diogo J. Franco dos Santos, John Jackson, U Kyaw Nyein, Virpi Lummaa
SEX DIFFERENCES IN THE REFERENCE INTERVALS OF HEALTH PARAMETERS IN SEMICAPTIVE ASIAN ELEPHANTS (ELEPHAS MAXIMUS) FROM MYANMAR
published pages: 25, ISSN: 1042-7260, DOI: 10.1638/2018-0181
Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 51/1 2020-03-31
2020 Jonathan L. Webb, Jennie A. H. Crawley, Martin W. Seltmann, Océane Liehrmann, Nicola Hemmings, U Kyaw Nyein, Htoo Htoo Aung, Win Htut, Virpi Lummaa, Mirkka Lahdenperä
Evaluating the Reliability of Non-Specialist Observers in the Behavioural Assessment of Semi-Captive Asian Elephant Welfare
published pages: 167, ISSN: 2076-2615, DOI: 10.3390/ani10010167
Animals 10/1 2020-03-31
2020 Seltmann, Ukonaho, Reichert, Dos Santos, Nyein, Htut, Lummaa
Faecal Glucocorticoid Metabolites and H/L Ratio are Related Markers of Stress in Semi-Captive Asian Timber Elephants
published pages: 94, ISSN: 2076-2615, DOI: 10.3390/ani10010094
Animals 10/1 2020-01-29
2019 Mirkka Lahdenperä, John Jackson, Win Htut, Virpi Lummaa
Capture from the wild has long-term costs on reproductive success in Asian elephants
published pages: 20191584, ISSN: 0962-8452, DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2019.1584
Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 286/1912 2019-10-28
2019 Emily C. Lynch, Virpi Lummaa, Win Htut, Mirkka Lahdenperä
Evolutionary significance of maternal kinship in a long-lived mammal
published pages: 20180067, ISSN: 0962-8436, DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2018.0067
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 374/1780 2019-10-28
2019 Sophie Reichert, Vérane Berger, John Jackson, Simon N. Chapman, Win Htut, Khyne U. Mar, Virpi Lummaa
Maternal age at birth shapes offspring life-history trajectory across generations in long-lived Asian elephants
published pages: , ISSN: 0021-8790, DOI: 10.1111/1365-2656.13049
Journal of Animal Ecology 2019-09-13
2018 Martin W. Seltmann, Samuli Helle, Mark J. Adams, Khyne U Mar, Mirkka Lahdenperä
Evaluating the personality structure of semi-captive Asian elephants living in their natural habitat
published pages: 172026, ISSN: 2054-5703, DOI: 10.1098/rsos.172026
Royal Society Open Science 5/2 2019-09-13
2018 Mirkka Lahdenperä, Khyne U. Mar, Alexandre Courtiol, Virpi Lummaa
Differences in age-specific mortality between wild-caught and captive-born Asian elephants
published pages: 1-10, ISSN: 2041-1723, DOI: 10.1038/s41467-018-05515-8
Nature Communications 9/1 2019-09-13
2017 Carly L. Lynsdale, Hannah S. Mumby, Adam D. Hayward, Khyne U. Mar, Virpi Lummaa
Parasite-associated mortality in a long-lived mammal: Variation with host age, sex, and reproduction
published pages: 10904-10915, ISSN: 2045-7758, DOI: 10.1002/ece3.3559
Ecology and Evolution 7/24 2019-09-13
2019 Vanessa Wilson, Anja Guenther, Øyvind Øverli, Martin W. Seltmann, Drew Altschul
Future Directions for Personality Research: Contributing New Insights to the Understanding of Animal Behavior
published pages: 240, ISSN: 2076-2615, DOI: 10.3390/ani9050240
Animals 9/5 2019-09-13
2019 Martin W. Seltmann, Samuli Helle, Win Htut, Mirkka Lahdenperä
Males have more aggressive and less sociable personalities than females in semi-captive Asian elephants
published pages: , ISSN: 2045-2322, DOI: 10.1038/s41598-019-39915-7
Scientific Reports 9/1 2019-09-13
2019 John Jackson, Dylan Z. Childs, Khyne U. Mar, Win Htut, Virpi Lummaa
Long-term trends in wild-capture and population dynamics point to an uncertain future for captive elephants
published pages: 20182810, ISSN: 0962-8452, DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2018.2810
Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 286/1899 2019-09-13
2016 Simon N. Chapman, Hannah S. Mumby, Jennie A. H. Crawley, Khyne U. Mar, Win Htut, Aung Thura Soe, Htoo Htoo Aung, Virpi Lummaa
How Big Is It Really? Assessing the Efficacy of Indirect Estimates of Body Size in Asian Elephants
published pages: e0150533, ISSN: 1932-6203, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0150533
PLOS ONE 11/3 2019-09-13
2019 Jennie A. H. Crawley, Mirkka Lahdenperä, Martin W. Seltmann, Win Htut, Htoo Htoo Aung, Kyaw Nyein, Virpi Lummaa
Investigating changes within the handling system of the largest semi-captive population of Asian elephants
published pages: e0209701, ISSN: 1932-6203, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0209701
PLOS ONE 14/1 2019-09-13

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