Opendata, web and dolomites


Disequilibirum metamorphism of stressed lithosphere

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






 DIME project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the DIME project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "DIME" about.

whereby    cycles    evolve    migration    until    mineralogy    of    lithosphere    upper    mechanically    rates    properly    producing    grain    tectonic    global    materials    interactions    metamorphic    geochemical    overarching    energy    fraction    connects    earth    fast    middle    parts    experimentally    reactions    metamorphism    consumes    density    meter    analyzing    crust    rocks    first    exposed    lower    hence    minerals    form    nano    ophiolite    micro    equilibrium    most    coupling    plate    react    fluid    physics    place    near    disequilibrium    serpentinization    contacts    drilling    changing    reaction    takes    natural    metastable    depends    rock    stress    mantle    fluids    exist    quantification    boundaries    free    model    coupled    rheology    contain    release    kinetics    chemical    heat    volatilization    forces    amounts    subject    squeeze    progress    describing    tectonically    oman    geologically    geodynamic    deformation    externally    temperature    pressure    quantitative    stresses   

Project "DIME" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
address: PROBLEMVEIEN 5-7
city: OSLO
postcode: 313

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Norway [NO]
 Project website
 Total cost 2˙900˙000 €
 EC max contribution 2˙900˙000 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2014-ADG
 Funding Scheme ERC-ADG
 Starting year 2015
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2015-09-01   to  2021-08-31


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    UNIVERSITETET I OSLO NO (OSLO) coordinator 2˙900˙000.00


 Project objective

Most changes in mineralogy, density, and rheology of the Earth’s lithosphere take place by metamorphism, whereby rocks evolve through interactions between minerals and fluids. These changes are coupled with a large range of geodynamic processes and they have first order effects on the global geochemical cycles of a large number of elements. In the presence of fluids, metamorphic reactions are fast compared to tectonically induced changes in pressure and temperature. Hence, during fluid-producing metamorphism, rocks evolve through near-equilibrium states. However, much of the Earth’s lower and middle crust, and a significant fraction of the upper mantle do not contain free fluids. These parts of the lithosphere exist in a metastable state and are mechanically strong. When subject to changing temperature and pressure conditions at plate boundaries or elsewhere, these rocks do not react until exposed to externally derived fluids. Metamorphism of such rocks consumes fluids, and takes place far from equilibrium through a complex coupling between fluid migration, chemical reactions, and deformation processes. This disequilibrium metamorphism is characterized by fast reaction rates, release of large amounts of energy in the form of heat and work, and a strong coupling to far-field tectonic stress. Our overarching goal is to provide the first quantitative physics-based model of disequilibrium metamorphism that properly connects fluid-rock interactions at the micro and nano-meter scale to lithosphere scale stresses. This model will include quantification of the forces required to squeeze fluids out of grain-grain contacts for geologically relevant materials (Objective 1), a new experimentally based model describing how the progress of volatilization reactions depends on tectonic stress (Objective 2), and testing of this model by analyzing the kinetics of a natural serpentinization process through the Oman Ophiolite Drilling Project (Objective 3).


year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2018 François Renard, Jérôme Weiss, Joachim Mathiesen, Yehuda Ben-Zion, Neelima Kandula, Benoît Cordonnier
Critical Evolution of Damage Toward System-Size Failure in Crystalline Rock
published pages: 1969-1986, ISSN: 2169-9313, DOI: 10.1002/2017JB014964
Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth 123/2 2020-04-04
2019 François Renard, Anja Røyne, Christine V. Putnis
Timescales of interface-coupled dissolution-precipitation reactions on carbonates
published pages: 17-27, ISSN: 1674-9871, DOI: 10.1016/j.gsf.2018.02.013
Geoscience Frontiers 10/1 2020-04-04
2018 Bjørn Jamtveit, Evangelos Moulas, Torgeir B. Andersen, Håkon Austrheim, Fernando Corfu, Arianne Petley-Ragan, Stefan M. Schmalholz
High Pressure Metamorphism Caused by Fluid Induced Weakening of Deep Continental Crust
published pages: , ISSN: 2045-2322, DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-35200-1
Scientific Reports 8/1 2020-04-01
2019 Sarah Incel, Alexandre Schubnel, Jörg Renner, Timm John, Loïc Labrousse, Nadège Hilairet, Helen Freeman, Yanbin Wang, François Renard, Bjørn Jamtveit
Experimental evidence for wall-rock pulverization during dynamic rupture at ultra-high pressure conditions
published pages: 115832, ISSN: 0012-821X, DOI: 10.1016/j.epsl.2019.115832
Earth and Planetary Science Letters 528 2020-04-01
2019 Arianne Petley-Ragan, Yehuda Ben-Zion, Håkon Austrheim, Benoit Ildefonse, François Renard, Bjørn Jamtveit
Dynamic earthquake rupture in the lower crust
published pages: eaaw0913, ISSN: 2375-2548, DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aaw0913
Science Advances 5/7 2020-04-01
2019 Bjørn Jamtveit, Arianne Petley‐Ragan, Sarah Incel, Kristina G. Dunkel, Claire Aupart, Håkon Austrheim, Fernando Corfu, Luca Menegon, François Renard
The Effects of Earthquakes and Fluids on the Metamorphism of the Lower Continental Crust
published pages: 7725-7755, ISSN: 2169-9313, DOI: 10.1029/2018jb016461
Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth 124/8 2020-04-01
2019 Xiaojiao Zheng, Benoît Cordonnier, Jessica McBeck, Elodie Boller, Bjørn Jamtveit, Wenlu Zhu, François Renard
Mixed‐Mode Strain Localization Generated by Hydration Reaction at Crustal Conditions
published pages: 4507-4522, ISSN: 2169-9313, DOI: 10.1029/2018jb017008
Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth 124/5 2020-04-01
2018 Adriane Clerc, François Renard, Håkon Austrheim, Bjørn Jamtveit
Spatial and size distributions of garnets grown in a pseudotachylyte generated during a lower crust earthquake
published pages: 159-170, ISSN: 0040-1951, DOI: 10.1016/j.tecto.2018.02.014
Tectonophysics 733 2019-07-04
2017 Kristina G. Dunkel, Håkon Austrheim, François Renard, Benoit Cordonnier, Bjørn Jamtveit
Localized slip controlled by dehydration embrittlement of partly serpentinized dunites, Leka Ophiolite Complex, Norway
published pages: 277-285, ISSN: 0012-821X, DOI: 10.1016/j.epsl.2017.01.047
Earth and Planetary Science Letters 463 2019-07-04
2018 Bjørn Jamtveit, Yehuda Ben-Zion, François Renard, Håkon Austrheim
Earthquake-induced transformation of the lower crust
published pages: 487-491, ISSN: 0028-0836, DOI: 10.1038/s41586-018-0045-y
Nature 556/7702 2019-07-04
2017 Oliver Plümper, Alexandru Botan, Catharina Los, Yang Liu, Anders Malthe-Sørenssen, Bjørn Jamtveit
Fluid-driven metamorphism of the continental crust governed by nanoscale fluid flow
published pages: 685-690, ISSN: 1752-0894, DOI: 10.1038/ngeo3009
Nature Geoscience 10/9 2019-07-04
2018 Xiaojiao Zheng, Benoît Cordonnier, Wenlu Zhu, François Renard, Bjørn Jamtveit
Effects of Confinement on Reaction-Induced Fracturing During Hydration of Periclase
published pages: , ISSN: 1525-2027, DOI: 10.1029/2017gc007322
Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems 2019-07-04
2017 Håkon Austrheim, Kristina G. Dunkel, Oliver Plümper, Benoit Ildefonse, Yang Liu, Bjørn Jamtveit
Fragmentation of wall rock garnets during deep crustal earthquakes
published pages: e1602067, ISSN: 2375-2548, DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1602067
Science Advances 3/2 2019-07-04
2018 Arianne Petley-Ragan, Kristina G. Dunkel, Håkon Austrheim, Benoit Ildefonse, Bjørn Jamtveit
Microstructural Records of Earthquakes in the Lower Crust and Associated Fluid-Driven Metamorphism in Plagioclase-Rich Granulites
published pages: 3729-3746, ISSN: 2169-9313, DOI: 10.1029/2017jb015348
Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth 123/5 2019-07-04
2016 Daniel Keszthelyi, Dag Kristian Dysthe, Bjørn Jamtveit
First principles model of carbonate compaction creep
published pages: 3348-3365, ISSN: 2169-9313, DOI: 10.1002/2015JB012481
Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth 121/5 2019-07-04
2018 Claire Aupart, Kristina G. Dunkel, Luiza Angheluta, Håkon Austrheim, Benoit Ildefonse, Anders Malthe-Sørenssen, Bjørn Jamtveit
Olivine Grain Size Distributions in Faults and Shear Zones: Evidence for Nonsteady State Deformation
published pages: , ISSN: 2169-9313, DOI: 10.1029/2018jb015836
Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth 2019-07-04
2016 Bjørn Jamtveit, Håkon Austrheim, Andrew Putnis
Disequilibrium metamorphism of stressed lithosphere
published pages: 1-13, ISSN: 0012-8252, DOI: 10.1016/j.earscirev.2015.12.002
Earth-Science Reviews 154 2019-07-04
2017 Kristina G. Dunkel, Håkon Austrheim, Benoit Ildefonse, Bjørn Jamtveit
Transfer of olivine crystallographic orientation through a cycle of serpentinisation and dehydration
published pages: , ISSN: 0010-7999, DOI: 10.1007/s00410-017-1378-5
Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 172/8 2019-07-04
2017 Andrew Putnis, Bjørn Jamtveit, Håkon Austrheim
Metamorphic Processes and Seismicity: the Bergen Arcs as a Natural Laboratory
published pages: 1871-1898, ISSN: 0022-3530, DOI: 10.1093/petrology/egx076
Journal of Petrology 58/10 2019-07-04
2017 O.I. Ulven, A. Beinlich, J. Hövelmann, H. Austrheim, B. Jamtveit
Subarctic physicochemical weathering of serpentinized peridotite
published pages: 11-26, ISSN: 0012-821X, DOI: 10.1016/j.epsl.2017.03.030
Earth and Planetary Science Letters 468 2019-07-04

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