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Multi-Pop SIGNED

Fulfilling the Potential of Globular Clusters as Tracers of Cosmological Mass Assembly

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Project "Multi-Pop" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
LIVERPOOL JOHN MOORES UNIVERSITY 

Organization address
address: RODNEY STREET 2 EGERTON COURT
city: LIVERPOOL
postcode: L3 5UX
website: www.ljmu.ac.uk

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country United Kingdom [UK]
 Project website http://www.astro.ljmu.ac.uk/
 Total cost 1˙429˙439 €
 EC max contribution 1˙429˙439 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2014-CoG
 Funding Scheme ERC-COG
 Starting year 2015
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2015-09-01   to  2020-08-31

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    LIVERPOOL JOHN MOORES UNIVERSITY UK (LIVERPOOL) coordinator 1˙429˙439.00

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 Project objective

Globular clusters (GCs) are among the oldest luminous sources in the universe, bearing witness to the earliest stages of galaxy formation as well as their evolution to the present day. While GCs have played a pivotal role in our understanding of the assembly of galaxies, their full potential remains unfulfilled due to our lack of understanding of how they form. One of the largest stumbling blocks has been the anomalous chemistry (both metallicity distributions and abundance patterns) of GCs relative to field stars within galaxy. Here, we will turn the problem around and exploit these differences to understand the co-evolution of GCs and their host galaxies.

Our understanding of GCs and their formation has undergone a radical change in the past two decades. First, it is now clear that while traditionally thought of as the quintessential simple stellar populations (i.e., all stars within a cluster have the same chemical abundances and age), globular clusters host multiple stellar populations with spreads in He, many light elements (e.g., Na, O, Al) and even Fe in a few cases. Secondly, GCs, once thought to only be able to form in the special conditions present in the early Universe, are now known to be still forming today (known as Young Massive Clusters - YMCS). These two facts have opened up a new window into the interconnectedness of GC and galaxy formation and co-evolution.

In this project we will quantitatively test current GC formation models with observations of YMCs, as well as organise what is known of the stellar populations within GCs (e.g., abundance spreads, CMD morphologies), providing, for the first time, a global view (i.e., which characteristics are specific to individual GCs and which are common to all GCs). These results, when combined with what is known about massive cluster formation in the local universe, will provide an unprecedented opportunity to use GCs to constrain the hierarchical assembly of galaxies.

 Publications

year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2015 Nate Bastian, Carmela Lardo
Globular cluster mass-loss in the context of multiple populations: Figure 1.
published pages: 357-364, ISSN: 0035-8711, DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stv1661
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 453/1 2020-04-06
2016 C. Lardo, A. Mucciarelli, N. Bastian
The iron dispersion of the globular cluster M2, revised
published pages: 51-63, ISSN: 0035-8711, DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stv2802
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 457/1 2020-04-06
2016 K. Hollyhead, N. Kacharov, C. Lardo, N. Bastian, M. Hilker, M. Rejkuba, A. Koch, E. K. Grebel, I. Georgiev
Evidence for multiple populations in the intermediate-age cluster Lindsay 1 in the SMC
published pages: L39-L43, ISSN: 1745-3933, DOI: 10.1093/mnrasl/slw179
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters 465/1 2020-04-06
2018 Mark Gieles, Corinne Charbonnel, Martin G H Krause, Vincent Hénault-Brunet, Oscar Agertz, Henny J G L M Lamers, Nathan Bastian, Alessia Gualandris, Alice Zocchi, James A Petts
Concurrent formation of supermassive stars and globular clusters: implications for early self-enrichment
published pages: 2461-2479, ISSN: 0035-8711, DOI: 10.1093/mnras/sty1059
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 478/2 2020-04-06
2018 Duncan A. Forbes, Nate Bastian, Mark Gieles, Robert A. Crain, J. M. Diederik Kruijssen, Søren S. Larsen, Sylvia Ploeckinger, Oscar Agertz, Michele Trenti, Annette M. N. Ferguson, Joel Pfeffer, Oleg Y. Gnedin
Globular cluster formation and evolution in the context of cosmological galaxy assembly: open questions
published pages: 20170616, ISSN: 1364-5021, DOI: 10.1098/rspa.2017.0616
Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Science 474/2210 2020-04-06
2017 S. Martocchia, I. Cabrera-Ziri, C. Lardo, E. Dalessandro, N. Bastian, V. Kozhurina-Platais, C. Usher, F. Niederhofer, M. Cordero, D. Geisler, K. Hollyhead, N. Kacharov, S. Larsen, C. Li, D. Mackey, M. Hilker, A. Mucciarelli, I. Platais, M. Salaris
Age as a major factor in the onset of multiple populations in stellar clusters
published pages: 2688-2700, ISSN: 0035-8711, DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stx2556
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 473/2 2020-04-06
2016 F. Niederhofer, N. Bastian, V. Kozhurina-Platais, S. Larsen, K. Hollyhead, C. Lardo, I. Cabrera-Ziri, N. Kacharov, I. Platais, M. Salaris, M. Cordero, E. Dalessandro, D. Geisler, M. Hilker, C. Li, D. Mackey, A. Mucciarelli
The search for multiple populations in Magellanic Cloud clusters – II. The detection of multiple populations in three intermediate-age SMC clusters
published pages: 4159-4165, ISSN: 0035-8711, DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stw3084
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 465/4 2020-04-06
2016 I. Cabrera-Ziri, C. Lardo, B. Davies, N. Bastian, G. Beccari, S. S. Larsen, S. Hernandez
Searching for GC-like abundance patterns in young massive clusters
published pages: 1869-1875, ISSN: 0035-8711, DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stw1090
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 460/2 2020-04-06
2016 F. Niederhofer, N. Bastian, V. Kozhurina-Platais, M. Hilker, S. E. de Mink, I. Cabrera-Ziri, C. Li, B. Ercolano
Controversial age spreads from the main sequence turn-off and red clump in intermediate-age clusters in the LMC
published pages: A148, ISSN: 0004-6361, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201526484
Astronomy & Astrophysics 586 2020-04-06
2016 Martin G. H. Krause, Corinne Charbonnel, Nate Bastian, Roland Diehl
Gas expulsion in massive star clusters?
published pages: A53, ISSN: 0004-6361, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201526685
Astronomy & Astrophysics 587 2020-04-06
2017 Joel Pfeffer, J M Diederik Kruijssen, Robert A Crain, Nate Bastian
The E-MOSAICS project: simulating the formation and co-evolution of galaxies and their star cluster populations
published pages: 4309-4346, ISSN: 0035-8711, DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stx3124
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 475/4 2020-04-06
2016 I. Cabrera-Ziri, N. Bastian, M. Hilker, B. Davies, F. Schweizer, J. M. D. Kruijssen, A. Mejía-Narváez, F. Niederhofer, T. D. Brandt, M. Rejkuba, G. Bruzual, G. Magris
Is the escape velocity in star clusters linked to extended star formation histories? Using NGC 7252: W3 as a test case
published pages: 809-821, ISSN: 0035-8711, DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stv2977
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 457/1 2020-04-06
2017 Pamela Freeman, Erik Rosolowsky, J. M. Diederik Kruijssen, Nate Bastian, Angela Adamo
The varying mass distribution of molecular clouds across M83
published pages: 1769-1781, ISSN: 0035-8711, DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stx499
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 468/2 2020-04-06
2018 S Martocchia, F Niederhofer, E Dalessandro, N Bastian, N Kacharov, C Usher, I Cabrera-Ziri, C Lardo, S Cassisi, D Geisler, M Hilker, K Hollyhead, V Kozhurina-Platais, S Larsen, D Mackey, A Mucciarelli, I Platais, M Salaris
The search for multiple populations in Magellanic Cloud clusters -- IV. Coeval multiple stellar populations in the young star cluster NGC 1978
published pages: 4696-4705, ISSN: 0035-8711, DOI: 10.1093/mnras/sty916
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 477/4 2020-04-06
2017 C. Lardo, I. Cabrera-Ziri, B. Davies, N. Bastian
Searching for globular cluster-like abundance patterns in young massive clusters – II. Results from the Antennae galaxies
published pages: 2482-2488, ISSN: 0035-8711, DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stx628
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 468/2 2020-04-06
2017 C. Lardo, M. Salaris, A. Savino, P. Donati, P. B. Stetson, S. Cassisi
Multiple populations along the asymptotic giant branch of the globular cluster M4
published pages: 3507-3512, ISSN: 0035-8711, DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stw3374
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 466/3 2020-04-06
2016 N. Bastian, I. Cabrera-Ziri, F. Niederhofer, S. de Mink, C. Georgy, D. Baade, M. Correnti, C. Usher, M. Romaniello
A high fraction of Be stars in young massive clusters: evidence for a large population of near-critically rotating stars
published pages: 4795-4799, ISSN: 0035-8711, DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stw3042
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 465/4 2020-04-06
2018 W Chantereau, C Usher, N Bastian
Multiple populations within globular clusters in early-type galaxies exploring their effect on stellar initial mass function estimates
published pages: 2368-2387, ISSN: 0035-8711, DOI: 10.1093/mnras/sty1209
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 478/2 2020-04-06
2017 E. Pancino, C. Lardo, G. Altavilla, S. Marinoni, S. Ragaini, G. Cocozza, M. Bellazzini, E. Sabbi, M. Zoccali, P. Donati, U. Heiter, S. E. Koposov, R. Blomme, T. Morel, S. Símon-Díaz, A. Lobel, C. Soubiran, J. Montalban, M. Valentini, A. R. Casey, S. Blanco-Cuaresma, P. Jofré, C. C. Worley, L. Magrini, A. Hourihane, P. François, S. Feltzing, G. Gilmore, S. Randich, M. Asplund, P. Bonifacio, J. E. Drew, R. D. Jeffries, G. Micela, A. Vallenari, E. J. Alfaro, C. Allende Prieto, C. Babusiaux, T. Bensby, A. Bragaglia, E. Flaccomio, N. Hambly, A. J. Korn, A. C. Lanzafame, R. Smiljanic, S. Van Eck, N. A. Walton, A. Bayo, G. Carraro, M. T. Costado, F. Damiani, B. Edvardsson, E. Franciosini, A. Frasca, J. Lewis, L. Monaco, L. Morbidelli, L. Prisinzano, G. G. Sacco, L. Sbordone, S. G. Sousa, S. Zaggia, A. Koch
The Gaia -ESO Survey: Calibration strategy
published pages: A5, ISSN: 0004-6361, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201629450
Astronomy & Astrophysics 598 2020-04-06
2016 N. Bastian, F. Niederhofer, V. Kozhurina-Platais, M. Salaris, S. Larsen, I. Cabrera-Ziri, M. Cordero, S. Ekström, D. Geisler, C. Georgy, M. Hilker, N. Kacharov, C. Li, D. Mackey, A. Mucciarelli, I. Platais
A young cluster with an extended main-sequence turnoff: confirmation of a prediction of the stellar rotation scenario
published pages: L20-L24, ISSN: 1745-3933, DOI: 10.1093/mnrasl/slw067
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters 460/1 2020-04-06
2017 Christopher Usher, Nicola Pastorello, Sabine Bellstedt, Adebusola Alabi, Pierluigi Cerulo, Leonie Chevalier, Amelia Fraser-McKelvie, Samantha Penny, Caroline Foster, Richard M. McDermid, Ricardo P. Schiavon, Alexa Villaume
The WAGGS project – I. The WiFeS Atlas of Galactic Globular cluster Spectra
published pages: 3828-3849, ISSN: 0035-8711, DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stx713
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 468/4 2020-04-06
2016 I. Cabrera-Ziri, F. Niederhofer, N. Bastian, M. Rejkuba, E. Balbinot, W. E. Kerzendorf, S. S. Larsen, A. D. Mackey, E. Dalessandro, A. Mucciarelli, C. Charbonnel, M. Hilker, M. Gieles, V. Hénault-Brunet
No evidence for younger stellar generations within the intermediate-age massive clusters NGC 1783, NGC 1806 and NGC 411
published pages: 4218-4223, ISSN: 0035-8711, DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stw966
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 459/4 2020-04-06
2017 S. Martocchia, N. Bastian, C. Usher, V. Kozhurina-Platais, F. Niederhofer, I. Cabrera-Ziri, E. Dalessandro, K. Hollyhead, N. Kacharov, C. Lardo, S. Larsen, A. Mucciarelli, I. Platais, M. Salaris, M. Cordero, D. Geisler, M. Hilker, C. Li, D. Mackey
The search for multiple populations in Magellanic Cloud Clusters – III. No evidence for multiple populations in the SMC cluster NGC 419
published pages: 3150-3158, ISSN: 0035-8711, DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stx660
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 468/3 2020-04-06
2017 H. J. G. L. M. Lamers, J. M. D. Kruijssen, N. Bastian, M. Rejkuba, M. Hilker, M. Kissler-Patig
The difference in metallicity distribution functions of halo stars and globular clusters as a function of galaxy type
published pages: A85, ISSN: 0004-6361, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201731062
Astronomy & Astrophysics 606 2020-04-06
2016 F. Niederhofer, N. Bastian, V. Kozhurina-Platais, S. Larsen, M. Salaris, E. Dalessandro, A. Mucciarelli, I. Cabrera-Ziri, M. Cordero, D. Geisler, M. Hilker, K. Hollyhead, N. Kacharov, C. Lardo, C. Li, D. Mackey, I. Platais
The search for multiple populations in Magellanic Cloud clusters – I. Two stellar populations in the Small Magellanic Cloud globular cluster NGC 121
published pages: 94-103, ISSN: 0035-8711, DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stw2269
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 464/1 2020-04-06
2016 Andrés E. Piatti, Nate Bastian
Extended main sequence turn-offs in low mass intermediate-age clusters
published pages: A50, ISSN: 0004-6361, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201628339
Astronomy & Astrophysics 590 2020-04-06
2017 Duncan A. Forbes, Adebusola Alabi, Jean P. Brodie, Aaron J. Romanowsky, Jay Strader, Caroline Foster, Christopher Usher, Lee Spitler, Sabine Bellstedt, Nicola Pastorello, Alexa Villaume, Asher Wasserman, Vincenzo Pota
The SLUGGS Survey: A Catalog of Over 4000 Globular Cluster Radial Velocities in 27 Nearby Early-type Galaxies
published pages: 114, ISSN: 1538-3881, DOI: 10.3847/1538-3881/153/3/114
The Astronomical Journal 153/3 2020-04-06
2018 N Bastian, S Kamann, I Cabrera-Ziri, C Georgy, S Ekström, C Charbonnel, M de Juan Ovelar, C Usher
Extended main sequence turnoffs in open clusters as seen by Gaia – I. NGC 2818 and the role of stellar rotation
published pages: 3739-3746, ISSN: 0035-8711, DOI: 10.1093/mnras/sty2100
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 480/3 2020-04-06
2016 C. Li, R. de Grijs, N. Bastian, L. Deng, F. Niederhofer, C. Zhang
The tight subgiant branch of the intermediate-age star cluster NGC 411 implies a single-aged stellar population
published pages: 3212-3221, ISSN: 0035-8711, DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stw1491
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 461/3 2020-04-06
2018 M Reina-Campos, J M D Kruijssen, J Pfeffer, N Bastian, R A Crain
Dynamical cluster disruption and its implications for multiple population models in the E-MOSAICS simulations
published pages: 2851-2857, ISSN: 0035-8711, DOI: 10.1093/mnras/sty2451
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 481/3 2020-04-06
2016 E. Lapenna, C. Lardo, A. Mucciarelli, M. Salaris, F. R. Ferraro, B. Lanzoni, D. Massari, P. B. Stetson, S. Cassisi, A. Savino
LOST AND FOUND: EVIDENCE OF SECOND-GENERATION STARS ALONG THE ASYMPTOTIC GIANT BRANCH OF THE GLOBULAR CLUSTER NGC 6752
published pages: L1, ISSN: 2041-8213, DOI: 10.3847/2041-8205/826/1/L1
The Astrophysical Journal 826/1 2020-04-06
2018 C. Lardo, M. Salaris, N. Bastian, A. Mucciarelli, E. Dalessandro, I. Cabrera-Ziri
Chemical inhomogeneities amongst first population stars in globular clusters
published pages: A168, ISSN: 0004-6361, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201832999
Astronomy & Astrophysics 616 2020-04-06
2018 S Kamann, N Bastian, T-O Husser, S Martocchia, C Usher, M den Brok, S Dreizler, A Kelz, D Krajnović, J Richard, M Steinmetz, P M Weilbacher
Cluster kinematics and stellar rotation in NGC 419 with MUSE and adaptive optics
published pages: 1689-1695, ISSN: 0035-8711, DOI: 10.1093/mnras/sty1958
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 480/2 2020-04-06
2016 Andrés E. Piatti, Nate Bastian
An analysis of the population of extended main-sequence turn-off clusters in the Large Magellanic Cloud
published pages: 1632-1641, ISSN: 0035-8711, DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stw2071
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 463/2 2020-04-06
2018 Christopher Usher, Joel Pfeffer, Nate Bastian, J M Diederik Kruijssen, Robert A Crain, Marta Reina-Campos
The origin of the ‘blue tilt’ of globular cluster populations in the E-MOSAICS simulations
published pages: 3279-3301, ISSN: 0035-8711, DOI: 10.1093/mnras/sty1895
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 480/3 2020-04-06
2016 J. M. Diederik Kruijssen, Nate Bastian
Pitfalls when observationally characterizing the relative formation rates of stars and stellar clusters in galaxies
published pages: L24-L28, ISSN: 1745-3933, DOI: 10.1093/mnrasl/slv182
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters 457/1 2020-04-06

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