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DNA strand break repair and links to human disease

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






 DNA2REPAIR project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the DNA2REPAIR project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "DNA2REPAIR" about.

agents    ataxia    predisposed    xpf    microscopic    individuals    neurodegenerative    palb2    integrity    our    resolution    breakdown    apraxia    either    cope    replication    electron    paralogs    erc    nuclease    mechanisms    suppressor    unfortunately    underpin    interplay    oxygen    mechanism    filament    cancers    crippling    afflicted    cell    neuronal    recognise    variety    ionising    instability    understand    environment    genes    species    genetic    endogenous    subjected    elaborate    damage    aoa2    protecting    genome    anemia    aoa    crosslink    basic    area    assembly    carcinogenic    tumour    defective    dna    repair    biological    emphasis    ercc1    maintenance    forks    mus81    eme1    mutations    senataxin    cancer    breast    fanconi    structure    disorder    rad51ap1    action    genetically    metabolism    rad51    selective    therapeutic    slx4    inter    oculomotor    forefront    actions    employ    sources    radiation    slx1    contributions    diseases    inheritable    lesions    brca2    reactive    tri    made    direct    material    roles    continually    biochemical    picture    cells    oxidative    thereby    chemicals   

Project "DNA2REPAIR" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
address: 1 MIDLAND ROAD
city: LONDON
postcode: NW1 1AT

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country United Kingdom [UK]
 Total cost 2˙203˙153 €
 EC max contribution 2˙203˙153 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2014-ADG
 Funding Scheme ERC-ADG
 Starting year 2015
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2015-09-01   to  2021-08-31


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 


 Project objective

Our genetic material is continually subjected to damage, either from endogenous sources such as reactive oxygen species, produced as by-products of oxidative metabolism, from the breakdown of replication forks during cell growth, or by agents in the environment such as ionising radiation or carcinogenic chemicals. To cope with DNA damage, cells employ elaborate and effective repair processes that specifically recognise a wide variety of lesions in DNA. These repair systems are essential for the maintenance of genome integrity. Unfortunately, some individuals are genetically predisposed to crippling diseases or cancers that are the direct result of mutations in genes involved in the DNA damage response. For several years our work has been at the forefront of basic biological research in the area of DNA repair, and in particular we have made significant contributions to the understanding of inheritable diseases such as breast cancer, Fanconi anemia, and the neurodegenerative disorder Ataxia with Oculomotor Apraxia (AOA). The focus of this ERC proposal is: (i) to determine the mechanism of action and high-resolution structure of the BRCA2 tumour suppressor, and to provide a detailed picture of the interplay between BRCA2, PALB2, RAD51AP1 and the RAD51 paralogs, in terms of RAD51 filament assembly, using biochemical, electron microscopic and cell biological approaches, (ii) to determine the biological role of a unique structure-selective tri-nuclease complex (SLX1-SLX4-MUS81-EME1-XPF-ERCC1), with particular emphasis on its roles in DNA crosslink repair and Fanconi anemia, and (iii) to understand the actions of Senataxin, which is defective in AOA2, in protecting against genome instability in neuronal cells. These three distinct and yet inter-related areas of the research programme will provide an improved understanding of basic mechanisms of DNA repair and thereby underpin future therapeutic developments that will help individuals afflicted with these diseases.


year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2015 Ying Wai Chan, Stephen West
GEN1 promotes Holliday junction resolution by a coordinated nick and counter-nick mechanism
published pages: 10882-10892, ISSN: 0305-1048, DOI: 10.1093/nar/gkv1207
Nucleic Acids Research 43/22 2020-02-12
2016 Kotynkova, K. Su, K. C. West, S. C. Petronczki, M.
Plasma Membrane Association but Not Midzone Recruitment of RhoGEF ECT2 Is Essential for Cytokinesis
published pages: 2672-2686, ISSN: 2211-1247, DOI: 10.1016/j.celrep.2016.11.029
Cell Reports 17 2020-02-12
2018 Ying Wai Chan, Kasper Fugger, Stephen C. West
Unresolved recombination intermediates lead to ultra-fine anaphase bridges, chromosome breaks and aberrations
published pages: 92-103, ISSN: 1465-7392, DOI: 10.1038/s41556-017-0011-1
Nature Cell Biology 20/1 2020-02-12
2018 Ying Wai Chan, Stephen C. West
GEN1 endonuclease: Purification and nuclease assays
published pages: 527-542, ISSN: , DOI: 10.1016/bs.mie.2017.11.020
Methods in Enzymology 600 2020-02-12
2017 Shah Punatar, R. Martin, M. J. Wyatt, H. D. Chan, Y. W. West, S. C.
Resolution of single and double Holliday junction recombination intermediates by GEN1
published pages: 443-450, ISSN: 0027-8424, DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1619790114
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 114 2020-02-12
2018 Stephen C. West, Ying Wai Chan
Genome Instability as a Consequence of Defects in the Resolution of Recombination Intermediates
published pages: 34256, ISSN: 0091-7451, DOI: 10.1101/sqb.2017.82.034256
Cold Spring Harbor Symposia on Quantitative Biology 82 2020-02-12
2015 Stephen C. West, Miguel G. Blanco, Ying Wai Chan, Joao Matos, Shriparna Sarbajna, Haley D.M. Wyatt
Resolution of Recombination Intermediates: Mechanisms and Regulation
published pages: 103-109, ISSN: 0091-7451, DOI: 10.1101/sqb.2015.80.027649
Cold Spring Harbor Symposia on Quantitative Biology 80 2020-02-12
2017 Joao Matos, Stephen C. West
Analysis of Structure-Selective Endonuclease Activities From Yeast and Human Extracts
published pages: 271-286, ISSN: , DOI: 10.1016/bs.mie.2017.03.005
Methods in Enzymology 591 2020-02-12
2018 Rajvee Shah Punatar, Stephen C. West
Preparation and resolution of Holliday junction DNA recombination intermediates
published pages: 569-590, ISSN: , DOI: 10.1016/bs.mie.2017.11.022
Methods in Enzymology 600 2020-02-12
2017 Haley D.M. Wyatt, Rob C. Laister, Stephen R. Martin, Cheryl H. Arrowsmith, Stephen C. West
The SMX DNA Repair Tri-nuclease
published pages: 848-860.e11, ISSN: 1097-2765, DOI: 10.1016/j.molcel.2017.01.031
Molecular Cell 65/5 2020-02-12
2017 Haley D.M. Wyatt, Stephen C. West
SMX makes the cut in genome stability
published pages: , ISSN: 1949-2553, DOI: 10.18632/oncotarget.22420
Oncotarget 8/61 2020-02-12
2018 Ying Wai Chan, Stephen C. West
A new class of ultrafine anaphase bridges generated by homologous recombination
published pages: 1-9, ISSN: 1538-4101, DOI: 10.1080/15384101.2018.1515555
Cell Cycle 2020-02-12

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