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Origins of the Molecular Cloud Structure

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






Project "PROMISE" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
address: -
postcode: 41296

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Sweden [SE]
 Total cost 1˙266˙750 €
 EC max contribution 1˙266˙750 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2014-STG
 Funding Scheme ERC-STG
 Starting year 2016
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2016-02-01   to  2021-01-31


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 


 Project objective

Understanding the physical processes that control the life-cycle of the interstellar medium (ISM) is one of the key themes in the astrophysics of galaxies today. This importance originates from the role of the ISM as the birthplace of new stars, and therefore, as an indivisible component of galaxy evolution. Exactly how the conversion of the ISM to stars takes place is intricately linked to how the internal structure of the cold, molecular clouds in the ISM forms and evolves. Despite this pivotal role, our picture of the molecular cloud structure has a fundamental lacking: it is based largely on observations of low-mass molecular clouds. Yet, it is the massive, giant molecular clouds (GMCs) in which most stars form and which impact the ISM of galaxies most. I present a program that will fill this gap and make profound progress in the field. We have developed a new observational technique that provides an unparalleled view of the structure of young GMCs. I also have developed a powerful tool to study the most important structural characteristics of molecular clouds, e.g., the probability distribution of volume densities, which have not been accessible before. With this program, the full potential of these tools will be put into use. We will produce a unique, high-fidelity column density data set for a statistically interesting volume in the Galaxy, including thousands of molecular clouds. The data set will be unmatched in its quality and extent, providing an unprecedented basis for statistical studies. We will then connect this outstanding observational view with state-of-the-art numerical simulations. This approach allows us to address the key question in the field: Which processes drive the structure formation in massive molecular clouds, and how do they do it? Most crucially, we will create a new, observationally constrained framework for the evolution of the molecular cloud structure over the entire mass range of molecular clouds and star formation in the ISM.


year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2019 A T Barnes, S N Longmore, A Avison, Y Contreras, A Ginsburg, J D Henshaw, J M Rathborne, D L Walker, J Alves, J Bally, C Battersby, M T Beltrán, H Beuther, G Garay, L Gomez, J Jackson, J Kainulainen, J M D Kruijssen, X Lu, E A C Mills, J Ott, T Peters
Young massive star cluster formation in the Galactic Centre is driven by global gravitational collapse of high-mass molecular clouds
published pages: 283-303, ISSN: 0035-8711, DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stz796
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 486/1 2019-07-02
2019 A. Fuente, D. G. Navarro, P. Caselli, M. Gerin, C. Kramer, E. Roueff, T. Alonso-Albi, R. Bachiller, S. Cazaux, B. Commercon, R. Friesen, S. García-Burillo, B. M. Giuliano, J. R. Goicoechea, P. Gratier, A. Hacar, I. Jiménez-Serra, J. Kirk, V. Lattanzi, J. C. Loison, J. Malinen, N. Marcelino, R. Martín-Doménech, G. Muñoz-Caro, J. Pineda, M. Tafalla, B. Tercero, D. Ward-Thompson, S. P. Treviño-
Gas phase Elemental abundances in Molecular cloudS (GEMS)
published pages: A105, ISSN: 0004-6361, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201834654
Astronomy & Astrophysics 624 2019-07-02
2018 M. Mattern, J. Kainulainen, M. Zhang, H. Beuther
Structure and fragmentation of a high line-mass filament: Nessie
published pages: A78, ISSN: 0004-6361, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201731778
Astronomy & Astrophysics 616 2019-05-29
2017 T. S. M. Rayner, M. J. Griffin, N. Schneider, F. Motte, V. Könyves, P. André, J. Di Francesco, P. Didelon, K. Pattle, D. Ward-Thompson, L. D. Anderson, M. Benedettini, J.-P. Bernard, S. Bontemps, D. Elia, A. Fuente, M. Hennemann, T. Hill, J. Kirk, K. Marsh, A. Men’shchikov, Q. Nguyen Luong, N. Peretto, S. Pezzuto, A. Rivera-Ingraham, A. Roy, K. Rygl, Á. Sánchez-Monge, L. Spinoglio, J. Tigé, S. P. Treviño-Morales, G. J. White
Far-infrared observations of a massive cluster forming in the Monoceros R2 filament hub
published pages: A22, ISSN: 0004-6361, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201630039
Astronomy & Astrophysics 607 2019-05-29
2018 M. Tahani, R. Plume, J. C. Brown, J. Kainulainen
Helical magnetic fields in molecular clouds?
published pages: A100, ISSN: 0004-6361, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201732219
Astronomy & Astrophysics 614 2019-05-29
2019 J D Henshaw, A Ginsburg, T J Haworth, S N Longmore, J M D Kruijssen, E A C Mills, V Sokolov, D L Walker, A T Barnes, Y Contreras, J Bally, C Battersby, H Beuther, N Butterfield, J E Dale, T Henning, J M Jackson, J Kauffmann, T Pillai, S Ragan, M Riener, Q Zhang
‘The Brick’ is not a brick : a comprehensive study of the structure and dynamics of the central molecular zone cloud G0.253+0.016
published pages: 2457-2485, ISSN: 0035-8711, DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stz471
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 485/2 2019-04-18
2019 M. Zhang, J. Kainulainen, M. Mattern, M. Fang, Th. Henning
Star-forming content of the giant molecular filaments in the Milky Way
published pages: A52, ISSN: 0004-6361, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201732400
Astronomy & Astrophysics 622 2019-04-18
2019 J. D. Soler, H. Beuther, M. Rugel, Y. Wang, P. C. Clark, S. C. O. Glover, P. F. Goldsmith, M. Heyer, L. D. Anderson, A. Goodman, Th. Henning, J. Kainulainen, R. S. Klessen, S. N. Longmore, N. M. McClure-Griffiths, K. M. Menten, J. C. Mottram, J. Ott, S. E. Ragan, R. J. Smith, J. S. Urquhart, F. Bigiel, P. Hennebelle, N. Roy, P. Schilke
Histogram of oriented gradients: a technique for the study of molecular cloud formation
published pages: A166, ISSN: 0004-6361, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201834300
Astronomy & Astrophysics 622 2019-04-18
2018 M. Mattern, J. Kauffmann, T. Csengeri, J. S. Urquhart, S. Leurini, F. Wyrowski, A. Giannetti, P. J. Barnes, H. Beuther, L. Bronfman, A. Duarte-Cabral, T. Henning, J. Kainulainen, K. M. Menten, E. Schisano, F. Schuller
SEDIGISM: the kinematics of ATLASGAL filaments
published pages: A166, ISSN: 0004-6361, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201833406
Astronomy & Astrophysics 619 2019-02-26
2018 M. Riener, C. M. Faesi, J. Forbrich, C. J. Lada
Gathering dust: A galaxy-wide study of dust emission from cloud complexes in NGC 300
published pages: A81, ISSN: 0004-6361, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201730738
Astronomy & Astrophysics 612 2019-05-28
2017 J. Kainulainen, A. M. Stutz, T. Stanke, J. Abreu-Vicente, H. Beuther, T. Henning, K. G. Johnston, S. T. Megeath
Resolving the fragmentation of high line-mass filaments with ALMA: the integral shaped filament in Orion A
published pages: A141, ISSN: 0004-6361, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201628481
Astronomy & Astrophysics 600 2019-05-28
2018 M. R. Rugel, H. Beuther, S. Bihr, Y. Wang, J. Ott, A. Brunthaler, A. Walsh, S. C. O. Glover, P. F. Goldsmith
OH absorption in the first quadrant of the Milky Way as seen by THOR
published pages: , ISSN: 0004-6361, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201731872
Astronomy & Astrophysics 618 2019-05-28
2018 R.-A. Chira, J. Kainulainen, J. C. Ibáñez-Mejía, Th. Henning, M.-M. Mac Low
On the fragmentation of filaments in a molecular cloud simulation
published pages: A62, ISSN: 0004-6361, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201731836
Astronomy & Astrophysics 610 2019-05-28
2017 J. Kainulainen, C. Federrath
Relationship between turbulence energy and density variance in the solar neighbourhood molecular clouds
published pages: L3, ISSN: 0004-6361, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201731028
Astronomy & Astrophysics 608 2019-05-28

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