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Running away and radiating

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






Project "PLASMA" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
address: -
postcode: 41296

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Sweden [SE]
 Total cost 1˙948˙750 €
 EC max contribution 1˙948˙750 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2014-CoG
 Funding Scheme ERC-COG
 Starting year 2015
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2015-10-01   to  2020-09-30


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 


 Project objective

Particle acceleration and radiation in plasmas has a wide variety of applications, ranging from cancer therapy and lightning initiation, to the improved design of fusion devices for large scale energy production. The goal of this project is to build a flexible ensemble of theoretical and numerical models that describes the acceleration processes and the resulting fast particle dynamics in two focus areas: magnetic fusion plasmas and laser-produced plasmas. This interdisciplinary approach is a new way of studying charged particle acceleration. It will lead to a deeper understanding of the complex interactions that characterise fast particle behaviour in plasmas. Plasmas are complex systems, with many kinds of interacting electromagnetic (EM) waves and charged particles. For such a system it is infeasible to build one model which captures both the small scale physics and the large scale phenomena. Therefore we aim to develop several complementary models, in one common framework, and make sure they agree in overlapping regions. The common framework will be built layer-by-layer, using models derived from first principles in a systematic way, with theory closely linked to numerics and validated by experimental observations. The key object of study is the evolution of the velocity-space particle distribution in time and space. The main challenge is the strong coupling between the distribution and the EM-field, which requires models with self-consistent coupling of Maxwell’s equations and kinetic equations. For the latter we will use Vlasov-Fokker-Planck solvers extended with advanced collision operators. Interesting aspects include non-Maxwellian distributions, instabilities, shock-wave formation and avalanches. The resulting theoretical framework and the corresponding code-suite will be a novel instrument for advanced studies of charged particle acceleration. Due to the generality of our approach, the applicability will reach far beyond the two focus areas.


year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2019 I. Thiele, E. Siminos, T. Fülöp
Electron Beam Driven Generation of Frequency-Tunable Isolated Relativistic Subcycle Pulses
published pages: , ISSN: 0031-9007, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.122.104803
Physical Review Letters 122/10 2019-09-09
2018 L. Hesslow, O. Embréus, M. Hoppe, T. C. DuBois, G. Papp, M. Rahm, T. Fülöp
Generalized collision operator for fast electrons interacting with partially ionized impurities
published pages: , ISSN: 0022-3778, DOI: 10.1017/S0022377818001113
Journal of Plasma Physics 84/6 2019-09-09
2019 Andréas Sundström, James Juno, Jason M. TenBarge, István Pusztai
Effect of a weak ion collisionality on the dynamics of kinetic electrostatic shocks
published pages: , ISSN: 0022-3778, DOI: 10.1017/S0022377819000023
Journal of Plasma Physics 85/1 2019-09-09
2019 L. Q. Yi, I. Pusztai, A. Pukhov, B. F. Shen, T. Fülöp
Proton acceleration in a laser-induced relativistic electron vortex
published pages: , ISSN: 0022-3778, DOI: 10.1017/S0022377819000485
Journal of Plasma Physics 85/4 2019-09-09
2016 A. Stahl, O. Embréus, G. Papp, M. Landreman, T. Fülöp
Kinetic modelling of runaway electrons in dynamic scenarios
published pages: 112009, ISSN: 0029-5515, DOI: 10.1088/0029-5515/56/11/112009
Nuclear Fusion 56/11 2019-05-31
2018 Longqing Yi, Baifei Shen, Alexander Pukhov, Tünde Fülöp
Relativistic magnetic reconnection driven by a laser interacting with a micro-scale plasma slab
published pages: , ISSN: 2041-1723, DOI: 10.1038/s41467-018-04065-3
Nature Communications 9/1 2019-05-31
2017 L. Hesslow, O. Embréus, A. Stahl, T. C. DuBois, G. Papp, S. L. Newton, T. Fülöp
Effect of Partially Screened Nuclei on Fast-Electron Dynamics
published pages: , ISSN: 0031-9007, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.118.255001
Physical Review Letters 118/25 2019-05-31
2018 I Pusztai, J M TenBarge, A N Csapó, J Juno, A Hakim, L Yi, T Fülöp
Low Mach-number collisionless electrostatic shocks and associated ion acceleration
published pages: 35004, ISSN: 0741-3335, DOI: 10.1088/1361-6587/aaa2cc
Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion 60/3 2019-05-31
2018 M. Hoppe, O. Embréus, R.A. Tinguely, R.S. Granetz, A. Stahl, T. Fülöp
SOFT: a synthetic synchrotron diagnostic for runaway electrons
published pages: 26032, ISSN: 0029-5515, DOI: 10.1088/1741-4326/aa9abb
Nuclear Fusion 58/2 2019-05-31
2016 A Stahl, O Embréus, M Landreman, G Papp, T Fülöp
Runaway-electron formation and electron slide-away in an ITER post-disruption scenario
published pages: 12013, ISSN: 1742-6588, DOI: 10.1088/1742-6596/775/1/012013
Journal of Physics: Conference Series 775 2019-05-31
2017 E Siminos, M Grech, B Svedung Wettervik, T Fülöp
Kinetic and finite ion mass effects on the transition to relativistic self-induced transparency in laser-driven ion acceleration
published pages: 123042, ISSN: 1367-2630, DOI: 10.1088/1367-2630/aa8e66
New Journal of Physics 19/12 2019-05-31
2016 B. Svedung Wettervik, T. C. DuBois, T. Fülöp
Vlasov modelling of laser-driven collisionless shock acceleration of protons
published pages: 53103, ISSN: 1070-664X, DOI: 10.1063/1.4948424
Physics of Plasmas 23/5 2019-05-31
2018 O. Embréus, A. Stahl, T. Fülöp
On the relativistic large-angle electron collision operator for runaway avalanches in plasmas
published pages: , ISSN: 0022-3778, DOI: 10.1017/S002237781700099X
Journal of Plasma Physics 84/01 2019-05-31
2017 A. Stahl, M. Landreman, O. Embréus, T. Fülöp
NORSE: A solver for the relativistic non-linear Fokker–Planck equation for electrons in a homogeneous plasma
published pages: 269-279, ISSN: 0010-4655, DOI: 10.1016/j.cpc.2016.10.024
Computer Physics Communications 212 2019-05-31
2017 Timothy C. DuBois, Evangelos Siminos, Julien Ferri, Laurent Gremillet, Tünde Fülöp
Origins of plateau formation in ion energy spectra under target normal sheath acceleration
published pages: 123114, ISSN: 1070-664X, DOI: 10.1063/1.5008806
Physics of Plasmas 24/12 2019-05-31
2018 Mathias Hoppe, Ola Embreus, Carlos Paz-Soldan, Richard A Moyer, Tunde Fulop
Interpretation of runaway electron synchrotron and bremsstrahlung images
published pages: , ISSN: 0029-5515, DOI: 10.1088/1741-4326/aaae15
Nuclear Fusion 2019-05-31
2016 O Embréus, A Stahl, T Fülöp
Effect of bremsstrahlung radiation emission on fast electrons in plasmas
published pages: 93023, ISSN: 1367-2630, DOI: 10.1088/1367-2630/18/9/093023
New Journal of Physics 18/9 2019-05-31
2018 R.A. Tinguely, R.S. Granetz, M. Hoppe, O. Embréus
Measurements of runaway electron synchrotron spectra at high magnetic fields in Alcator C-Mod
published pages: 76019, ISSN: 0029-5515, DOI: 10.1088/1741-4326/aac444
Nuclear Fusion 58/7 2019-04-18
2018 L Hesslow, O Embréus, G J Wilkie, G Papp, T Fülöp
Effect of partially ionized impurities and radiation on the effective critical electric field for runaway generation
published pages: 74010, ISSN: 0741-3335, DOI: 10.1088/1361-6587/aac33e
Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion 60/7 2019-04-18
2018 Roy Alexander Tinguely, Robert Granetz, Mathias Hoppe, Ola Embreus
Spatiotemporal evolution of runaway electrons from synchrotron images in Alcator C-Mod
published pages: , ISSN: 0741-3335, DOI: 10.1088/1361-6587/aae6ba
Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion 2019-04-18
2018 O. Embréus, L. Hesslow, M. Hoppe, G. Papp, K. Richards, T. Fülöp
Dynamics of positrons during relativistic electron runaway
published pages: , ISSN: 0022-3778, DOI: 10.1017/S0022377818001010
Journal of Plasma Physics 84/5 2019-04-18

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