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War and Supernature SIGNED

War and the Supernatural in Early Modern Europe

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






 War and Supernature project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the War and Supernature project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "War and Supernature" about.

intellectual    force    re    opponents    moderates    protestants    confessional    latin    christian    history    educated    scholastic    orthodoxy    small    catholics    calvinists    militancy    opposed    communities    took    imposing    tradition    radical    university    natural    nature    edit    life    divine    assuming    intellectuals    place    creation    thing    secularisation    phenomenon    century    evangelisation    utility    irrational    political    franciscan    accused    inform    publish    war    associate    secular    protestant    insufficiently    historians    faith    arguments    insisted    imposed    human    christianity    tell    shape    modern    false    composing    sacred    sense    favoured    supernatural    categories    elite    version    distinction    posit    rational    wars    god    drained    resisted    incompatible    translate    insist    somehow    language    humans    debates    religiously    mistakenly    militants    religious    gift    trans    warfare    sincere    seventeenth    catholic    impose   

Project "War and Supernature" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
postcode: BT7 1NN

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country United Kingdom [UK]
 Project website
 Total cost 1˙324˙885 €
 EC max contribution 1˙324˙885 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2015-STG
 Funding Scheme ERC-STG
 Starting year 2016
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2016-03-01   to  2020-08-31


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    THE QUEEN'S UNIVERSITY OF BELFAST UK (BELFAST) coordinator 1˙324˙885.00


 Project objective

The debates of intellectuals both Catholic and Protestant have much to tell us about the nature of religious warfare in early modern Europe. In the seventeenth century, the small numbers of radical Catholics and Protestants who favoured imposing their own version of Christianity on others by force were accused by moderates (no less religiously sincere) within their own communities of promoting wars incompatible with Christian orthodoxy. Religious faith, the moderates insisted, was a supernatural thing, a gift of God, rather than a natural thing, a creation of rational humans, and thus could not be imposed by force. Arguments for religious war in the sense of evangelisation by force were thus resisted by most of the educated European elite. These debates among university-based Catholic and Protestant intellectuals took place in the Latin language and are insufficiently known to political historians of early modern Europe. Political historians examining the phenomenon of early modern religious war impose the modern categories of sacred (which they associate with the irrational) and secular (which they posit must be drained of the divine) on the past, mistakenly assuming that those who opposed evangelisation by force were somehow more secular than their opponents and composing a false history of secularisation. This project will analyse, translate, edit, and publish these scholastic debates between religious militants and religious moderates on the role of force in religious life in order to inform and re-shape arguments among political historians on the nature of religious warfare. One focus of the project will be the Franciscan intellectual tradition which favoured evangelisation by force. But some Protestants and especially Calvinists also brought the supernatural very far into human life, and the project will insist on the utility of that distinction between natural and supernatural in composing a trans-confessional history of religious militancy.

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The information about "WAR AND SUPERNATURE" are provided by the European Opendata Portal: CORDIS opendata.

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