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War and Supernature SIGNED

War and the Supernatural in Early Modern Europe

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






 War and Supernature project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the War and Supernature project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "War and Supernature" about.

insist    nature    religious    opponents    place    sincere    utility    evangelisation    accused    christianity    false    mistakenly    small    catholic    distinction    phenomenon    seventeenth    drained    creation    christian    protestants    radical    rational    imposed    trans    version    gift    took    resisted    categories    shape    warfare    edit    century    opposed    somehow    orthodoxy    posit    publish    human    militancy    incompatible    humans    sacred    supernatural    force    debates    irrational    political    educated    militants    insisted    catholics    faith    secular    modern    imposing    impose    insufficiently    university    protestant    translate    war    latin    tell    inform    composing    elite    calvinists    history    associate    favoured    god    historians    assuming    wars    tradition    natural    secularisation    franciscan    intellectual    communities    re    thing    religiously    confessional    divine    language    sense    scholastic    moderates    intellectuals    arguments    life   

Project "War and Supernature" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
postcode: BT7 1NN

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country United Kingdom [UK]
 Project website
 Total cost 1˙324˙885 €
 EC max contribution 1˙324˙885 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2015-STG
 Funding Scheme ERC-STG
 Starting year 2016
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2016-03-01   to  2020-08-31


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    THE QUEEN'S UNIVERSITY OF BELFAST UK (BELFAST) coordinator 1˙324˙885.00


 Project objective

The debates of intellectuals both Catholic and Protestant have much to tell us about the nature of religious warfare in early modern Europe. In the seventeenth century, the small numbers of radical Catholics and Protestants who favoured imposing their own version of Christianity on others by force were accused by moderates (no less religiously sincere) within their own communities of promoting wars incompatible with Christian orthodoxy. Religious faith, the moderates insisted, was a supernatural thing, a gift of God, rather than a natural thing, a creation of rational humans, and thus could not be imposed by force. Arguments for religious war in the sense of evangelisation by force were thus resisted by most of the educated European elite. These debates among university-based Catholic and Protestant intellectuals took place in the Latin language and are insufficiently known to political historians of early modern Europe. Political historians examining the phenomenon of early modern religious war impose the modern categories of sacred (which they associate with the irrational) and secular (which they posit must be drained of the divine) on the past, mistakenly assuming that those who opposed evangelisation by force were somehow more secular than their opponents and composing a false history of secularisation. This project will analyse, translate, edit, and publish these scholastic debates between religious militants and religious moderates on the role of force in religious life in order to inform and re-shape arguments among political historians on the nature of religious warfare. One focus of the project will be the Franciscan intellectual tradition which favoured evangelisation by force. But some Protestants and especially Calvinists also brought the supernatural very far into human life, and the project will insist on the utility of that distinction between natural and supernatural in composing a trans-confessional history of religious militancy.

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The information about "WAR AND SUPERNATURE" are provided by the European Opendata Portal: CORDIS opendata.

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