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The Foreshock and its Role in Solar-Terrestrial relations

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






Project "FRoST" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
postcode: 14

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Finland [FI]
 Project website
 Total cost 191˙325 €
 EC max contribution 191˙325 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.3.2. (Nurturing excellence by means of cross-border and cross-sector mobility)
 Code Call H2020-MSCA-IF-2015
 Funding Scheme MSCA-IF-EF-ST
 Starting year 2017
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2017-03-15   to  2019-03-14


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
2    ILMATIETEEN LAITOS FI (HELSINKI) participant 0.00


 Project objective

There is a critical need for accurate space weather forecasting, due to the growing use of technologies vulnerable to space weather hazards. However, refining the current models requires a more detailed understanding of solar-terrestrial relations, especially during extreme events such as magnetic clouds (MCs) which drive the fiercest storms at Earth. To this end, FRoST will investigate a previously unexplored aspect of the interaction of MCs with the terrestrial environment: the role played by the foreshock, a turbulent region extending upstream of the Earth's bow shock. The objectives of FRoST are (1) to characterise the foreshock properties during MC events, (2) to investigate how these alter in turn the properties of the region at the interface between the solar wind and the magnetosphere, the magnetosheath, and (3) assess whether the influence of the foreshock can be significant and thus should be included in space weather models. To undertake this challenging task, we will take on an interdisciplinary approach, combining numerical simulations and spacecraft observations.

This project is now made possible by the extensive datasets acquired in the recent years and by the pioneering Vlasiator simulation, developed by the Host Group, which is the world's only global hybrid-Vlasov simulation and offers an unprecedented description of the near-Earth environment. Through FRoST, the Experienced Researcher (ER) will develop her skills in numerical physics, while bringing to the Host Group her expertise in data analysis. This diversification of her competencies will significantly increase the ER's career prospects. The Supervisor's strong record of scientific excellence and experience in mentoring early-career researchers will further ensure the successful execution of FRoST. This project has the potential to reinforce the position of Europe at the forefront of numerical space physics, and will contribute to the European efforts in space weather forecasting.


year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2017 Owen Wyn Roberts, O. Alexandrova, P. Kajdič, L. Turc, D. Perrone, C. P. Escoubet, A. Walsh
Variability of the Magnetic Field Power Spectrum in the Solar Wind at Electron Scales
published pages: 120, ISSN: 1538-4357, DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/aa93e5
The Astrophysical Journal 850/2 2019-07-26
2018 R. Jarvinen, R. Vainio, M. Palmroth, L. Juusola, S. Hoilijoki, Y. Pfau-Kempf, U. Ganse, L. Turc, S. von Alfthan
Ion Acceleration by Flux Transfer Events in the Terrestrial Magnetosheath
published pages: 1723-1731, ISSN: 0094-8276, DOI: 10.1002/2017gl076192
Geophysical Research Letters 45/4 2019-07-26
2017 J. P. Eastwood, R. Nakamura, L. Turc, L. Mejnertsen, M. Hesse
The Scientific Foundations of Forecasting Magnetospheric Space Weather
published pages: 1221-1252, ISSN: 0038-6308, DOI: 10.1007/s11214-017-0399-8
Space Science Reviews 212/3-4 2019-07-26
2018 Liisa Juusola, Yann Pfau-Kempf, Urs Ganse, Markus Battarbee, Thiago Brito, Maxime Grandin, Lucile Turc, Minna Palmroth
A possible source mechanism for magnetotail current sheet flapping
published pages: 1027-1035, ISSN: 1432-0576, DOI: 10.5194/angeo-36-1027-2018
Annales Geophysicae 36/4 2019-07-26
2018 Yann Pfau-Kempf, Markus Battarbee, Urs Ganse, Sanni Hoilijoki, Lucile Turc, Sebastian von Alfthan, Rami Vainio, Minna Palmroth
On the Importance of Spatial and Velocity Resolution in the Hybrid-Vlasov Modeling of Collisionless Shocks
published pages: , ISSN: 2296-424X, DOI: 10.3389/fphy.2018.00044
Frontiers in Physics 6 2019-07-26
2018 Xochitl Blanco-Cano, Markus Battarbee, Lucile Turc, Andrew P. Dimmock, Emilia K. J. Kilpua, Sanni Hoilijoki, Urs Ganse, David G. Sibeck, Paul A. Cassak, Robert C. Fear, Riku Jarvinen, Liisa Juusola, Yann Pfau-Kempf, Rami Vainio, Minna Palmroth
Cavitons and spontaneous hot flow anomalies in a hybrid-Vlasov global magnetospheric simulation
published pages: 1081-1097, ISSN: 1432-0576, DOI: 10.5194/angeo-36-1081-2018
Annales Geophysicae 36/4 2019-07-26
2018 Minna Palmroth, Urs Ganse, Yann Pfau-Kempf, Markus Battarbee, Lucile Turc, Thiago Brito, Maxime Grandin, Sanni Hoilijoki, Arto Sandroos, Sebastian von Alfthan
Vlasov methods in space physics and astrophysics
published pages: , ISSN: 2367-3621, DOI: 10.1007/s41115-018-0003-2
Living Reviews in Computational Astrophysics 4/1 2019-07-26
2018 L. Turc, U. Ganse, Y. Pfau-Kempf, S. Hoilijoki, M. Battarbee, L. Juusola, R. Jarvinen, T. Brito, M. Grandin, M. Palmroth
Foreshock Properties at Typical and Enhanced Interplanetary Magnetic Field Strengths: Results From Hybrid-Vlasov Simulations
published pages: 5476-5493, ISSN: 2169-9380, DOI: 10.1029/2018ja025466
Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics 123/7 2019-07-26
2018 Minna Palmroth, Heli Hietala, Ferdinand Plaschke, Martin Archer, Tomas Karlsson, Xóchitl Blanco-Cano, David Sibeck, Primož Kajdič, Urs Ganse, Yann Pfau-Kempf, Markus Battarbee, Lucile Turc
Magnetosheath jet properties and evolution as determined by a global hybrid-Vlasov simulation
published pages: 1171-1182, ISSN: 1432-0576, DOI: 10.5194/angeo-36-1171-2018
Annales Geophysicae 36/5 2019-07-26
2018 Liisa Juusola, Sanni Hoilijoki, Yann Pfau-Kempf, Urs Ganse, Riku Jarvinen, Markus Battarbee, Emilia Kilpua, Lucile Turc, Minna Palmroth
Fast plasma sheet flows and X line motion in the Earth\'s magnetotail: results from a global hybrid-Vlasov simulation
published pages: 1183-1199, ISSN: 1432-0576, DOI: 10.5194/angeo-36-1183-2018
Annales Geophysicae 36/5 2019-07-26

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