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WHat next? an Integrated PLanetary Atmosphere Simulator: from Habitable worlds to Hot jupiters

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






 WHIPLASH project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the WHIPLASH project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "WHIPLASH" about.

difficulties    answer    sustain    transit    present    precision    transfer    eclipse    1d    analyzing    tools    transiting    framework    pace    prevents    patchiness    exo    diversity    huge    generation    global    erc    observations    climate    wild    atmospheres    meeting    planetary    composition    steady    overcome    monte    actually    model    ready    physics    hot    carlo    observational    puzzling    multiple    integrates    characterization    missions    keep    tell    atmospheric    exoplanets    models    data    interpreting    unexpected    theory    ongoing    liquid    gaseous    spectroscopy    code    generate    quality    origin    3d    microphysical    fit    fundamental    counterpart    accurately    questions    opportunity    until    worsened    clouds    grand    interpretation    atmosphere    radiative    dynamical    uncovered    satisfactory    water    spatial    ubiquity    innovative    community    symmetric    treatment    anisotropic    found    effort    jwst    spherically    inside    unravel    observationally    infer    thousands    issue    observables    terrestrial    inhomogeneous    made    decade    simulator   

Project "WHIPLASH" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
address: RUE MICHEL ANGE 3
city: PARIS
postcode: 75794

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country France [FR]
 Project website
 Total cost 1˙480˙421 €
 EC max contribution 1˙480˙421 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2015-STG
 Funding Scheme ERC-STG
 Starting year 2016
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2016-09-01   to  2021-08-31


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 


 Project objective

Thousands of exoplanets have now been found. In the next decade, the grand challenge is to characterize their atmospheres. This is the only way to unravel the origin of the wild, unexpected diversity we have uncovered. For this task, there are several planned missions—JWST being our next best opportunity. However, to be ready for the analysis and interpretation of such high-precision observations, we need new-generation tools fit to address the multiple challenges they will raise. Indeed, until now, most atmospheric characterization observations—e.g. transit/eclipse spectroscopy—are analyzed with spherically symmetric, steady state 1D models that cannot accurately represent the very anisotropic atmospheres of most transiting exoplanets. This issue is worsened by the ubiquity of clouds, whose inhomogeneous spatial distribution—patchiness—prevents any satisfactory treatment in 1D. In this project, we will develop a new framework to constrain the physics and composition of exo-atmospheres that will allow us to overcome these difficulties when analyzing and interpreting observations. This will be done by exploiting a new 3D planetary atmosphere simulator that integrates a global climate model and a 3D Monte Carlo radiative transfer code to generate observables. Using such an innovative approach, this ERC project will thus answer the following fundamental questions: - What are the necessary conditions to sustain liquid water on terrestrial exoplanets? How can we infer observationally whether an atmosphere meeting these requirements is actually present? - Can clouds explain the puzzling features of observed hot, gaseous exoplanets? What can these observations tell us on the dynamical and microphysical properties of clouds inside these atmospheres? If we want theory to keep pace with the quality of future data, such a project is the necessary counterpart to the huge ongoing observational effort made by the community.


year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2018 T. Kodama, A. Nitta, H. Genda, Y. Takao, R. O\'ishi, A. Abe-Ouchi, Y. Abe
Dependence of the Onset of the Runaway Greenhouse Effect on the Latitudinal Surface Water Distribution of Earth-Like Planets
published pages: 559-574, ISSN: 2169-9097, DOI: 10.1002/2017je005383
Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets 123/2 2020-03-06
2019 P. Auclair-Desrotour, J. Leconte, C. Mergny
Generic frequency dependence for the atmospheric tidal torque of terrestrial planets
published pages: A17, ISSN: 0004-6361, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201834685
Astronomy & Astrophysics 624 2020-03-06
2018 P. Auclair-Desrotour, J. Leconte
Semidiurnal thermal tides in asynchronously rotating hot Jupiters
published pages: A45, ISSN: 0004-6361, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201731683
Astronomy & Astrophysics 613 2020-03-06
2019 A Nakayama, T Kodama, M Ikoma, Y Abe
Runaway climate cooling of ocean planets in the habitable zone: a consequence of seafloor weathering enhanced by melting of high-pressure ice
published pages: 1580-1596, ISSN: 0035-8711, DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stz1812
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 488/2 2020-03-06
2019 P. Auclair-Desrotour, J. Leconte, E. Bolmont, S. Mathis
Final spin states of eccentric ocean planets
published pages: A132, ISSN: 0004-6361, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201935905
Astronomy & Astrophysics 629 2020-03-06
2018 Auclair-Desrotour, P.; Mathis, Stéphane; Laskar, Jacques; Leconte, J.
Tidal dissipation in deep oceanic shells: from telluric planets to icy satellites
published pages: pp.33-35, ISSN: , DOI:
SF2A-2018: Proceedings of the Annual meeting of the French Society of Astronomy and Astrophysics. Eds.: P. Di Matteo, F. Billebaud, F. Herpin, N. Lagarde, J.-B. Marquette, A. Robin, O. Venot 8 2020-03-06
2017 Martin Turbet, Francois Forget, Jeremy Leconte, Benjamin Charnay, Gabriel Tobie
CO 2 condensation is a serious limit to the deglaciation of Earth-like planets
published pages: 11-21, ISSN: 0012-821X, DOI: 10.1016/j.epsl.2017.07.050
Earth and Planetary Science Letters 476 2020-01-20
2017 Jérémy Leconte, Franck Selsis, Franck Hersant, Tristan Guillot
Condensation-inhibited convection in hydrogen-rich atmospheres
published pages: A98, ISSN: 0004-6361, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201629140
Astronomy & Astrophysics 598 2020-01-20
2018 P. Auclair-Desrotour, S. Mathis, J. Laskar
Atmospheric thermal tides and planetary spin
published pages: A118, ISSN: 0004-6361, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201731540
Astronomy & Astrophysics 609 2020-01-20
2018 Artem Burdanov, Laetitia Delrez, Michaël Gillon, Emmanuël Jehin
SPECULOOS exoplanet search and its prototype on TRAPPIST
published pages: 1-17, ISSN: , DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-30648-3_130-1
2018 L Delrez, M Gillon, A H M J Triaud, B-O Demory, J de Wit, J G Ingalls, E Agol, E Bolmont, A Burdanov, A J Burgasser, S J Carey, E Jehin, J Leconte, S Lederer, D Queloz, F Selsis, V Van Grootel
Early 2017 observations of TRAPPIST-1 with Spitzer
published pages: 3577-3597, ISSN: 0035-8711, DOI: 10.1093/mnras/sty051
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 475/3 2020-01-20
2017 Michaël Gillon, Amaury H. M. J. Triaud, Brice-Olivier Demory, Emmanuël Jehin, Eric Agol, Katherine M. Deck, Susan M. Lederer, Julien de Wit, Artem Burdanov, James G. Ingalls, Emeline Bolmont, Jeremy Leconte, Sean N. Raymond, Franck Selsis, Martin Turbet, Khalid Barkaoui, Adam Burgasser, Matthew R. Burleigh, Sean J. Carey, Aleksander Chaushev, Chris M. Copperwheat, Laetitia Delrez, Catarina S. Fernandes, Daniel L. Holdsworth, Enrico J. Kotze, Valérie Van Grootel, Yaseen Almleaky, Zouhair Benkhaldoun, Pierre Magain, Didier Queloz
Seven temperate terrestrial planets around the nearby ultracool dwarf star TRAPPIST-1
published pages: 456-460, ISSN: 0028-0836, DOI: 10.1038/nature21360
Nature 542/7642 2020-01-20
2018 Julien de Wit, Hannah R. Wakeford, Nikole K. Lewis, Laetitia Delrez, Michaël Gillon, Frank Selsis, Jérémy Leconte, Brice-Olivier Demory, Emeline Bolmont, Vincent Bourrier, Adam J. Burgasser, Simon Grimm, Emmanuël Jehin, Susan M. Lederer, James E. Owen, Vlada Stamenković, Amaury H. M. J. Triaud
Atmospheric reconnaissance of the habitable-zone Earth-sized planets orbiting TRAPPIST-1
published pages: 214-219, ISSN: 2397-3366, DOI: 10.1038/s41550-017-0374-z
Nature Astronomy 2/3 2020-01-20
2018 Auclair-Desrotour, Pierre; Leconte, Jérémy
Semidiurnal thermal tides in asynchronously rotating hot Jupiters
published pages: , ISSN: 0004-6361, DOI:
Accepted for publication in Astronomy & Astrophysics 2020-01-20
2018 Jérémy Leconte
Why Compositional Convection Cannot Explain Substellar Objects’ Sharp Spectral-type Transitions
published pages: L30, ISSN: 0004-637X, DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/aaaa61
The Astrophysical Journal 853/2 2020-01-20
2018 S Grimm, B-O Demory, M Gillon, C Dorn, E Agol, A Burdanov, L Delrez, M Sestovic, A. Triaud, M Turbet, E Bolmont, A Caldas, J de Wit, E Jehin, J Leconte, S Raymond, V Van Grootel, A Burgasser, S Carey, D Fabrycky, K Heng, D Hernandez
The nature of the TRAPPIST-1 exoplanets
published pages: , ISSN: 0004-6361, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201732233
Astronomy & Astrophysics 2020-01-20
2018 Jérémy Leconte
Continuous reorientation of synchronous terrestrial planets due to mantle convection
published pages: 168-172, ISSN: 1752-0894, DOI: 10.1038/s41561-018-0071-2
Nature Geoscience 11/3 2020-01-20
2018 Martin Turbet, Emeline Bolmont, Jeremy Leconte, François Forget, Franck Selsis, Gabriel Tobie, Anthony Caldas, Joseph Naar, Michaël Gillon
Modeling climate diversity, tidal dynamics and the fate of volatiles on TRAPPIST-1 planets
published pages: A86, ISSN: 0004-6361, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201731620
Astronomy & Astrophysics 612 2020-01-20
2019 W. Pluriel, E. Marcq, M. Turbet
Modeling the albedo of Earth-like magma ocean planets with H2O-CO2 atmospheres
published pages: 583-590, ISSN: 0019-1035, DOI: 10.1016/j.icarus.2018.08.023
Icarus 317 2020-01-20
2017 Rodrigo Luger, Marko Sestovic, Ethan Kruse, Simon L. Grimm, Brice-Olivier Demory, Eric Agol, Emeline Bolmont, Daniel Fabrycky, Catarina S. Fernandes, Valérie Van Grootel, Adam Burgasser, Michaël Gillon, James G. Ingalls, Emmanuël Jehin, Sean N. Raymond, Franck Selsis, Amaury H. M. J. Triaud, Thomas Barclay, Geert Barentsen, Steve B. Howell, Laetitia Delrez, Julien de Wit, Daniel Foreman-Mackey, Daniel L. Holdsworth, Jérémy Leconte, Susan Lederer, Martin Turbet, Yaseen Almleaky, Zouhair Benkhaldoun, Pierre Magain, Brett M. Morris, Kevin Heng, Didier Queloz
A seven-planet resonant chain in TRAPPIST-1
published pages: 129, ISSN: 2397-3366, DOI: 10.1038/s41550-017-0129
Nature Astronomy 1/6 2020-01-20
2018 P. Auclair-Desrotour, S. Mathis, J. Laskar, J. Leconte
Oceanic tides from Earth-like to ocean planets
published pages: A23, ISSN: 0004-6361, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201732249
Astronomy & Astrophysics 615 2020-01-20
2018 Ludovic Puig, Göran Pilbratt, Astrid Heske, Isabel Escudero, Pierre-Elie Crouzet, Bram de Vogeleer, Kate Symonds, Ralf Kohley, Pierre Drossart, Paul Eccleston, Paul Hartogh, Jeremy Leconte, Giusi Micela, Marc Ollivier, Giovanna Tinetti, Diego Turrini, Bart Vandenbussche, Paulina Wolkenberg
The Phase A study of the ESA M4 mission candidate ARIEL
published pages: 211-239, ISSN: 0922-6435, DOI: 10.1007/s10686-018-9604-3
Experimental Astronomy 46/1 2020-01-20
2018 E. Ducrot, M. Sestovic, B. M. Morris, M. Gillon, A. H. M. J. Triaud, J. De Wit, D. Thimmarayappa, E. Agol, Y. Almleaky, A. Burdanov, A. J. Burgasser, L. Delrez, B-O. Demory, E. Jehin, J. Leconte, J. McCormac, C. Murray, D. Queloz, F. Selsis, S. Thompson, V. Van Grootel
The 0.8–4.5 μ m Broadband Transmission Spectra of TRAPPIST-1 Planets
published pages: 218, ISSN: 1538-3881, DOI: 10.3847/1538-3881/aade94
The Astronomical Journal 156/5 2020-01-20
2018 Jacob L. Bean, Kevin B. Stevenson, Natalie M. Batalha, Zachory Berta-Thompson, Laura Kreidberg, Nicolas Crouzet, Björn Benneke, Michael R. Line, David K. Sing, Hannah R. Wakeford, Heather A. Knutson, Eliza M.-R. Kempton, Jean-Michel Désert, Ian Crossfield, Natasha E. Batalha, Julien de Wit, Vivien Parmentier, Joseph Harrington, Julianne I. Moses, Mercedes Lopez-Morales, Munazza K. Alam, Jasmina Blecic, Giovanni Bruno, Aarynn L. Carter, John W. Chapman, Leen Decin, Diana Dragomir, Thomas M. Evans, Jonathan J. Fortney, Jonathan D. Fraine, Peter Gao, Antonio García Muñoz, Neale P. Gibson, Jayesh M. Goyal, Kevin Heng, Renyu Hu, Sarah Kendrew, Brian M. Kilpatrick, Jessica Krick, Pierre-Olivier Lagage, Monika Lendl, Tom Louden, Nikku Madhusudhan, Avi M. Mandell, Megan Mansfield, Erin M. May, Giuseppe Morello, Caroline V. Morley, Nikolay Nikolov, Seth Redfield, Jessica E. Roberts, Everett Schlawin, Jessica J. Spake, Kamen O. Todorov, Angelos Tsiaras, Olivia Venot, William C. Waalkes, Peter J. Wheatley, Robert T. Zellem, Daniel Angerhausen, David Barrado, Ludmila Carone, Sarah L. Casewell, Patricio E. Cubillos, Mario Damiano, Miguel de Val-Borro, Benjamin Drummond, Billy Edwards, Michael Endl, Nestor Espinoza, Kevin France, John E. Gizis, Thomas P. Greene, Thomas K. Henning, Yucian Hong, James G. Ingalls, Nicolas Iro, Patrick G. J. Irwin, Tiffany Kataria, Fred Lahuis, Jérémy Leconte, Jorge Lillo-Box, Stefan Lines, Joshua D. Lothringer, Luigi Mancini, Franck Marchis, Nathan Mayne, Enric Palle, Emily Rauscher, Gaël Roudier, Evgenya L. Shkolnik, John Southworth, Mark R. Swain, Jake Taylor, Johanna Teske, Giovanna Tinetti, Pascal Tremblin, Gregory S. Tucker, Roy van Boekel, Ingo P. Waldmann, Ian C. Weaver, Tiziano Zingales
The Transiting Exoplanet Community Early Release Science Program for JWST
published pages: 114402, ISSN: 0004-6280, DOI: 10.1088/1538-3873/aadbf3
Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific 130/993 2020-01-20
2018 Caldas, Anthony
Étude des biais observationnels induits par le caractère tridimensionnel des atmosphères d’exoplanètes
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI: 7 2020-01-20
2019 A. Caldas, J. Leconte, F. Selsis, I. P. Waldmann, P. Bordé, M. Rocchetto, B. Charnay
Effects of a fully 3D atmospheric structure on exoplanet transmission spectra: retrieval biases due to day–night temperature gradients
published pages: A161, ISSN: 0004-6361, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201834384
Astronomy & Astrophysics 623 2020-01-20

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