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The Normativity of Sacred Images in Early Modern Europe

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






 SACRIMA project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the SACRIMA project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "SACRIMA" about.

dynamics    multicultural    countries    normativity    reactions    visions    survey    religion    transfer    iberia    proposing    germany    differentiated    crossroads    religious    crisis    differently    shedding    perspectives    institutional    artistic    visual    opens    inside    cross    investigation    cartography    ways    ground    impose    performance    integration    exploration    notions    sense    starting    question    ecclesiastical    modern    normative    previously    systematic    negotiation    double    impressive    norms    dramatic    realistic    reproduction    mediterranean    time    explored    censorship    differentiation    restoration    cultural    responded    underwent    complementary    1650    geography    contested    peninsula    what    images    imposed    status    history    capacity    border    france    repeatedly    remaining    archives    1450    styles    adopting    subjects    break    iconographic    reconstructing    power    sacred    limits    italian    southern    light    geographically    first    reframing    sacrima    proposes    islands    image    catholicism    local    material    relations    reformation   

Project "SACRIMA" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
postcode: 80539

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Germany [DE]
 Project website
 Total cost 1˙493˙125 €
 EC max contribution 1˙493˙125 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2015-STG
 Funding Scheme ERC-STG
 Starting year 2016
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2016-06-01   to  2021-05-31


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 


 Project objective

What is a sacred image? This is a crucial question for multicultural Europe – today as well as in the past. Between 1450-1650 Europe underwent, at the same time, an impressive artistic development and a dramatic religious crisis during which the status of the sacred image was repeatedly contested. Focusing on a comparison between five major areas that, remaining inside Catholicism, responded differently to the challenge imposed by the Reformation, SACRIMA will investigate the relations between art, religion and geography proposing to break ground in two main ways. First, by using and developing the concept of ‘normativity’ in a double sense: institutional normativity and visual normativity. Second, by adopting a comparative approach at the crossroads of the history of art, the history of religion and cultural geography. Starting from a new systematic survey of image-based material in ecclesiastical archives, it proposes: 1) A comparative survey of contested images in the Italian peninsula and islands, France, Iberia, the Low Countries and Southern Germany. 2) An investigation of ‘visual norms’ through focus on three complementary aspects: styles (in particular, the limits of realistic effects), iconographic norms, and the role of reproduction, restoration and reframing. 3) An exploration of the geography of reactions to art transfer aiming at reconstructing a cross-border cartography of visual norms in Europe and the Mediterranean. The proposed focus on the capacity of art to impose new normative visions of sacred subjects as well as to produce reactions which are often geographically differentiated opens new perspectives on the relations between art, religion and cultural transfer, shedding new light on previously explored notions of ‘image censorship’, the ‘power of images’ or the ‘performance of images’. The overall project will contribute to the understanding of dynamics of cultural integration, differentiation and local negotiation in early modern Europe.


year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2019 Chiara Franceschini
\"\"\"Volti santi e Trinità triformi. Ricerche in corso sullo statuto delle immagini nei procedimenti del Sant’Uffizio\"\"\"
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
L’inquisizione romana e i suoi archivi. A vent’anni dall’apertura dell’ACDF (ed. by A. Cifres) 2019-08-30
2017 Cloe Cavero, Yuri Primarosa
\"\"\"Roma 1619. Retratos de la nacion espanola en la galeria de Ottavio Leoni\"\"\"
published pages: 383-392, ISSN: 0004-0428, DOI:
Archivo Espanol de Arte vol. 90, no. 360 2019-08-30
2019 Cloe Cavero
\"\"\"Wounds on Trial: Forensic Truth, Sanctity and the Early Modern Visual Culture of Ritual Murder\"\"\"
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
Contested Forms: The Limits of the Sacred Image and the Normative Power of Art in Early Modern Europe, edited by Chiara Franceschini 2019-08-30
2019 Erin Giffin
\"\"\"The Tradition of Change in Copies of the Santa Casa di Loreto: The Case of Venice\"\"\"
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
Contested Forms: The Limits of the Sacred Image and the Normative Power of Art in Early Modern Europe, edited by Chiara Franceschini 2019-08-30
2019 Cloe Cavero
\"\"\"Proyectos compartidos: Las fundaciones religiosas del cardenal Bernardo de Sandoval y Rojas en el valimiento del duque de Lerma\"\"\"
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
Apariencia y razón en el reinado de Felipe III. Las arte y la arquitectura al servicio de un nuevo gusto, edited Bernardo García García 2019-08-30
2019 Chiara Franceschini
\"\"\"Too many wounds. Innocenzo da Petralia’ crucifixes and the normative image\"\"\"
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
Contested Forms. The Limits of the Sacred Image and the Normative Power of Art 2019-08-30
2019 Cloe Cavero
\"\"\"Reframing a Medieval Miracle in Early Modern Spain: The Origins of Our Lady del Sagrario\"\"\"
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
The Interaction of Art and Relics, edited by Livia Stoenescu 2019-08-30
2018 Erin Giffin
\"\"\"Destroying, Remaking, Redefining: Purposeful Fragmentation and Revision of the Santa Casa di Loreto\"\"\"
published pages: 209-217, ISSN: 1777-7852, DOI:
Perspective 2019-08-30
2019 Chiara Franceschini, Cloe Cavero, Erin Giffin, Piers Baker-Bates, Mattia Biffis, Escardiel Gonzales, James Hall, Josephine Neil, Nina Niedermeier, Todd Olson, Antonia Putzger, Livia Stoenescu, Steffen Zierholz
Contested Forms. The Limits of the Sacred Image and the Normative Power of Art (Sacrima Series I)
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
2019 Cloe Cavero
\"\"\"The Virgin Embracing the Virgin. Eugenio Cajés’ Short-Lived Iconography of Our Lady del Sagrario in Counter-Reformation Toledo\"\"\"
published pages: , ISSN: 1475-3820, DOI:
Bulletin of Spanish Studies 2019-08-30
2016 Cloe Cavero
\"\"\"Las relaciones artisticas del cardenal Quiroga con Italia: Un retrato veneciano en las colecciones del Museo del Prado\"\"\"
published pages: 10-16, ISSN: 0210-8143, DOI:
Boletin del Museo del Prado Vol. XXXIV, no. 52 2019-08-30
2018 Cloe Cavero
\"\"\"Copias de imágenes sagradas romanas en Granada: Algunas notas sobre las vírgenes del Popolo y los retratos de San Pedro y San Pablo\"\"\"
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
La pintura italiana en Granada: Artistas y coleccionistas, originales y copias, edited by David García Cueto 2019-08-30
2020 Chiara Franceschini
Mattia Preti’s Madonna della Lettera and two contested Messinese altarpieces in Malta and in Rome
published pages: , ISSN: 0342-1201, DOI:
Mitteilungen des Kunsthistorischen Institutes in Florenz 2019-08-30

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