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Supernova dust: production and survival rates

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






 SNDUST project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the SNDUST project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "SNDUST" about.

observations    larger    line    massive    supernova    stardust    milky    predict    grow    evolution    masses    yrs    impacted       covered    profile    nebula    redshift    crab    carbon    circumstellar    theory    contributors    epoch    particles    form    grains    mid    mainly    dominant    cas    blast    emission    supernovae    cools    jwst    measured    surveys    grown    grain    lifetimes    epochs    interstellar    transfer    spectra    carlo    team    dominated    event    silicate    models    ionized    derive    heating    infrared    shells    mass    medium    optical    remnant    seeds    particle    appears    magellanic    destruction    model    reverse    25    direct    period    outburst    blue    subject    code    galaxies    rich    initial    post    collisionally    radiation    dust    impacts    stars    origin    poorly    accounting    shielding    1987a    itself    sn    gas    collapse    waves    solar    herschel    content    telescope    core    remnants    asymmetries    clouds    giant    accurate    clumps    shocks    objects    8m    red    extend    monte   

Project "SNDUST" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
city: LONDON
postcode: WC1E 6BT
website: n.a.

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country United Kingdom [UK]
 Project website
 Total cost 2˙498˙535 €
 EC max contribution 2˙498˙535 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2015-AdG
 Funding Scheme ERC-ADG
 Starting year 2016
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2016-06-01   to  2022-05-31


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    UNIVERSITY COLLEGE LONDON UK (LONDON) coordinator 2˙498˙535.00


 Project objective

The dust content of galaxies is dominated by silicate and carbon grains, whose origin is the subject of much debate - are the dust grains provided mainly by red giant stars, by supernovae from massive stars, or can they grow in the interstellar medium itself from stardust seeds? My team's recent observations with Herschel of three supernova remnants, Cas A, SN 1987A and the Crab Nebula, have provided direct evidence that supernovae from massive stars can form dust masses in the range of 0.1-0.8 solar masses per event, a level at which dust evolution models for high and low redshift galaxies predict that supernovae can become the dominant contributors of dust. With both O-rich and C-rich shells, core-collapse supernovae can make both silicate and carbon particles, as observed. Most of SN 1987A's current dust mass of 0.6-0.8 solar masses appears to have been grown between 3 and 25 years after outburst, a period that is currently poorly observed for other remnants. To build on and to extend these results beyond our initial sample of three core-collapse objects, dust masses will be measured for a much larger sample of late-epoch (3-50 yrs post-outburst) supernova remnants. This will be done by using a new Monte Carlo line transfer code to model red-blue line profile asymmetries observed in 8m telescope optical spectra to derive dust masses at a range of epochs, and via JWST mid-infrared observations of SN dust emission as the dust cools. We will extend our dust and gas emission modelling code to include dust heating not just by radiation but also by particle impacts, in order to determine accurate dust masses for collisionally ionized supernova remnants covered by Herschel surveys of the Magellanic Clouds and Milky Way. The theory programme will also determine grain lifetimes against destruction by supernova remnant reverse shocks, accounting for shielding in clumps, as well as destruction lifetimes for dust in circumstellar shells impacted by supernova blast waves.


year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2018 Mikako Matsuura, James M De Buizer, Richard G Arendt, Eli Dwek, M J Barlow, Antonia Bevan, Phil Cigan, Haley L Gomez, Jeonghee Rho, Roger Wesson, Patrice Bouchet, John Danziger, Margaret Meixner
SOFIA mid-infrared observations of Supernova 1987A in 2016 – forward shocks and possible dust re-formation in the post-shocked region
published pages: 1715-1723, ISSN: 0035-8711, DOI: 10.1093/mnras/sty2734
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 482/2 2020-01-28
2018 M. Kim, S. Wolf, T. Löhne, F. Kirchschlager, A. V. Krivov
Impact of planetesimal eccentricities and material strength on the appearance of eccentric debris disks
published pages: A38, ISSN: 0004-6361, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201833061
Astronomy & Astrophysics 618 2020-01-28
2018 J. R. Walsh, A. Monreal-Ibero, M. J. Barlow, T. Ueta, R. Wesson, A. A. Zijlstra, S. Kimeswenger, M. L. Leal-Ferreira, M. Otsuka
An imaging spectroscopic survey of the planetary nebula NGC 7009 with MUSE
published pages: A169, ISSN: 0004-6361, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201833445
Astronomy & Astrophysics 620 2020-01-28
2018 R Wesson, D Jones, J García-Rojas, H M J Boffin, R L M Corradi
Confirmation of the link between central star binarity and extreme abundance discrepancy factors in planetary nebulae
published pages: 4589-4613, ISSN: 0035-8711, DOI: 10.1093/mnras/sty1871
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 480/4 2020-01-28
2018 H Chawner, K Marsh, M Matsuura, H L Gomez, P Cigan, I De Looze, M J Barlow, L Dunne, A Noriega-Crespo, J Rho
A catalogue of Galactic supernova remnants in the far-infrared: revealing ejecta dust in pulsar wind nebulae
published pages: 70-118, ISSN: 0035-8711, DOI: 10.1093/mnras/sty2942
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 483/1 2020-01-28
2019 F D Priestley, M J Barlow, S Viti
Erratum: Modelling the ArH+ emission from the Crab Nebula
published pages: 5437-5437, ISSN: 0035-8711, DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stz2133
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 488/4 2020-01-28
2018 Dunn, William; Chubb, Katy; Tessenyi, Marcell; Heward, Anita; Tennyson, Jonathan; James, Tomas; Darby, Daniel, Niculescu-Duvaz, Maria, Meyer, Romain; Holdship, Jonathan; Baker, Jack; Smutna, Jana; Virdee, Mala; Brannan, Sian; Tinetti, Giovanna; Sousa-Silva, Clara; Mckemmish, Laura; Gorman, Maire; Rivlin, Tom
Involving School Students in Exoplanet Research Through the Twinkle Space Mission - ORBYTS
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
EPSC Abstracts Vol. 12, EPSC2018-970, 2018 2020-01-28
2018 F D Priestley, M J Barlow
OH+ emission from cometary knots in planetary nebulae
published pages: 1502-1511, ISSN: 0035-8711, DOI: 10.1093/mnras/sty1099
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 478/2 2020-01-28
2017 M. Matsuura, R. Indebetouw, S. Woosley, V. Bujarrabal, F. J. Abellán, R. McCray, J. Kamenetzky, C. Fransson, M. J. Barlow, H. L. Gomez, P. Cigan, I De Looze, J. Spyromilio, L. Staveley-Smith, G. Zanardo, P. Roche, J. Larsson, S. Viti, J. Th. van Loon, J. C. Wheeler, M. Baes, R. Chevalier, P. Lundqvist, J. M. Marcaide, E. Dwek, M. Meixner, C.-Y. Ng, G. Sonneborn, J. Yates
ALMA observations of Molecules in Supernova 1987A
published pages: 294-299, ISSN: 1743-9213, DOI: 10.1017/S1743921317004719
Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union 12/S331 2020-01-28
2018 Antonia Bevan
Measuring dust in core-collapse supernovae with a Bayesian approach to line profile modelling
published pages: 4659-4674, ISSN: 0035-8711, DOI: 10.1093/mnras/sty2094
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 480/4 2020-01-28
2017 M. Matsuura, R. Indebetouw, S. Woosley, V. Bujarrabal, F. J. Abellán, R. McCray, J. Kamenetzky, C. Fransson, M. J. Barlow, H. L. Gomez, P. Cigan, I De Looze, J. Spyromilio, L. Staveley-Smith, G. Zanardo, P. Roche, J. Larsson, S. Viti, J. Th. van Loon, J. C. Wheeler, M. Baes, R. Chevalier, P. Lundqvist, J. M. Marcaide, E. Dwek, M. Meixner, C.-Y. Ng, G. Sonneborn, J. Yates
ALMA spectral survey of Supernova 1987A – molecular inventory, chemistry, dynamics and explosive nucleosynthesis
published pages: 3347-3362, ISSN: 0035-8711, DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stx830
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 469/3 2020-01-28
2017 Florian Kirchschlager, Sebastian Wolf, Robert Brunngräber, Alexis Matter, Alexander V. Krivov, Aaron Labdon
Modelling of mid-infrared interferometric signature of hot exozodiacal dust emission
published pages: 2633-2638, ISSN: 0035-8711, DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stx2515
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 473/2 2020-01-28
2017 Patrick W. Morris, Theodore R. Gull, D. John Hillier, M. J. Barlow, Pierre Royer, Krister Nielsen, John Black, Bruce Swinyard
η Carinae\'s Dusty Homunculus Nebula from Near-infrared to Submillimeter Wavelengths: Mass, Composition, and Evidence for Fading Opacity
published pages: 79, ISSN: 1538-4357, DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/aa71b3
The Astrophysical Journal 842/2 2020-01-28
2016 Antonia Bevan, M. J. Barlow, D. Milisavljevic
Dust masses for SN 1980K, SN1993J and Cassiopeia A from red–blue emission line asymmetries
published pages: 4044-4056, ISSN: 0035-8711, DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stw2985
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 465/4 2020-01-28
2016 Mike Barlow, Antonia Bevan
The dust masses in the remnants of Cas A, SN1993J and SN 1980K
published pages: 106, ISSN: , DOI:
\'Supernova Remnants: An Odyssey in Space after Stellar Death\', Proceedings of the Conference held 6-11 June 2016, in Chania, Greece 2020-01-28
2017 R. Wesson, Jones, D.; García-Rojas, J.; Corradi, R. L. M.; Boffin, H. M. J.
Close binary central stars and the abundance discrepancy - new extreme objects
published pages: 70-73, ISSN: , DOI:
Planetary Nebulae: Multi-Wavelength Probes of Stellar and Galactic Evolution, Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union, IAU Symposium, Volume 323, pp. 70-73 Volume 323 2020-01-28
2017 G H-M Bertrang, H Avenhaus, S Casassus, M Montesinos, F Kirchschlager, S Perez, L Cieza, S Wolf
HD 169142 in the eyes of ZIMPOL/SPHERE
published pages: 5105-5113, ISSN: 0035-8711, DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stx3052
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 474/4 2020-01-28
2017 A. Bevan, Barlow, M. J.; Milisavljevic, D.
Dust masses in the ejecta of SN 1993J, SN 1987A, SN 1980K and Cas A from modelling their red-blue optical line profile asymmetries
published pages: p.397, ISSN: , DOI:
Memorie della Societa Astronomica Italiana, v.88, p.397 (2017) v.88 2020-01-28
2016 I. De Looze, M. J. Barlow, B. M. Swinyard, J. Rho, H. L. Gomez, M. Matsuura, R. Wesson
The dust mass in Cassiopeia A from a spatially resolved Herschel analysis
published pages: 3309-3342, ISSN: 0035-8711, DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stw2837
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 465/3 2020-01-28

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