Opendata, web and dolomites


Global Change 2.0: Unlocking the past for a clearer future

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






Project "GC2.0" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
postcode: RG6 6AH

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country United Kingdom [UK]
 Total cost 2˙497˙563 €
 EC max contribution 2˙497˙563 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2015-AdG
 Funding Scheme ERC-ADG
 Starting year 2016
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2016-09-01   to  2021-08-31


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    THE UNIVERSITY OF READING UK (READING) coordinator 2˙497˙563.00


 Project objective

The terrestrial biosphere responds rapidly and sensitively to climate change and is important in mediating physical and biogeochemical feedbacks to climate. There are still enormous uncertainties in our understanding of how the terrestrial biosphere will respond to changes in climate in the 21st century, and large uncertainties in predictions of the climate feedbacks. Many issues that limit our ability to predict the future of the terrestrial biosphere can be addressed by examining what happened in the recent geologic past – where the drivers of climate change are relatively well known and there is abundant globally-distributed, quantitative, well-dated and unambiguous evidence of the biospheric response. The goal of this project is to unleash the power of the palaeo-record to understand the interactions of climate and the terrestrial biosphere, and to explain how terrestrial systems (vegetation, fire, hydrology, biogeochemical cycles including the carbon, trace gas and dust cycles) respond and contribute to long-term (millennial) and rapid (decadal to centennial) climate changes. I will use process-based models with global palaeodata syntheses to address four specific challenges to our understanding of past and future climate and environmental change: (1) How does vegetation respond to rapid climate change and what are the consequences of this response for climate? (2) To what extent does increasing CO2 enhance tree growth or competitive fitness, and how does this translate into changes in ecosystems and ecosystem services? (3) How does the terrestrial biosphere respond to changes in climate variability and the prevalence of extreme events? (4) How does the land surface affect regional climates, and why do models persistently fail to predict these effects accurately? In addressing these challenges, I will deliver public-access data sets, model outputs and comparison tools so the strengths of the palaeorecord can be exploited by the wider global change commun


year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2018 Henrique Fürstenau Togashi, Owen K. Atkin, Keith J. Bloomfield, Matt Bradford, Kunfang Cao, Ning Dong, Bradley J. Evans, Zexin Fan, Sandy P. Harrison, Zhu Hua, Michael J. Liddell, Jon Lloyd, Jian Ni, Han Wang, Lasantha K. Weerasinghe, Iain Colin Prentice
Functional trait variation related to gap dynamics in tropical moist forests: A vegetation modelling perspective
published pages: 52-64, ISSN: 1433-8319, DOI: 10.1016/j.ppees.2018.10.004
Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 35 2019-10-04
2018 Sandy P. Harrison, Patrick J. Bartlein, Victor Brovkin, Sander Houweling, Silvia Kloster, I. Colin Prentice
The biomass burning contribution to climate–carbon-cycle feedback
published pages: 663-677, ISSN: 2190-4987, DOI: 10.5194/esd-9-663-2018
Earth System Dynamics 9/2 2019-10-04
2018 Masa Kageyama, Pascale Braconnot, Sandy P. Harrison, Alan M. Haywood, Johann H. Jungclaus, Bette L. Otto-Bliesner, Jean-Yves Peterschmitt, Ayako Abe-Ouchi, Samuel Albani, Patrick J. Bartlein, Chris Brierley, Michel Crucifix, Aisling Dolan, Laura Fernandez-Donado, Hubertus Fischer, Peter O. Hopcroft, Ruza F. Ivanovic, Fabrice Lambert, Daniel J. Lunt, Natalie M. Mahowald, W. Richard Peltier, Steven
The PMIP4 contribution to CMIP6 – Part 1: Overview and over-arching analysis plan
published pages: 1033-1057, ISSN: 1991-9603, DOI: 10.5194/gmd-11-1033-2018
Geoscientific Model Development 11/3 2019-10-04
2019 Kelsey Copes-Gerbitz, William Fletcher, Jonathan G.A. Lageard, Mustapha Rhanem, Sandy P. Harrison
Multidecadal variability in Atlas cedar growth in Northwest Africa during the last 850 years: Implications for dieback and conservation of an endangered species
published pages: 125599, ISSN: 1125-7865, DOI: 10.1016/j.dendro.2019.05.003
Dendrochronologia 56 2019-10-03
2019 Guangqi Li, Sandy P. Harrison, I. Colin Prentice
Quantifying climatic influences on tree-ring width
published pages: 1-22, ISSN: 1810-6285, DOI: 10.5194/bg-2019-63
Biogeosciences Discussions 2019-10-03
2019 Matthias Forkel, Wouter Dorigo, Gitta Lasslop, Emilio Chuvieco, Stijn Hantson, Angelika Heil, Irene Teubner, Kirsten Thonicke, Sandy P Harrison
Recent global and regional trends in burned area and their compensating environmental controls
published pages: 51005, ISSN: 2515-7620, DOI: 10.1088/2515-7620/ab25d2
Environmental Research Communications 1/5 2019-10-03
2019 Cleator, S.F., Harrison, S.P., Nichols, N.K., Prentice, I.C., Roustone, I.
A method for generating coherent spatially explicit maps of seasonal palaeoclimates from site-based reconstructions
published pages: , ISSN: 1942-2466, DOI:
Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems 2019-10-03
2019 Laia Comas-Bru, Sandy P. Harrison, Martin Werner, Kira Rehfeld, Nick Scroxton, Cristina Veiga-Pires
Evaluating model outputs using integrated global speleothem records of climate change since the last glacial
published pages: 1557-1579, ISSN: 1814-9332, DOI: 10.5194/cp-15-1557-2019
Climate of the Past 15/4 2019-10-03
2019 Sandy P. Harrison, Marie-José Gaillard, Benjamin D. Stocker, Marc Vander Linden, Kees Klein Goldewijk, Oliver Boles, Pascale Braconnot, Andria Dawson, Etienne Fluet-Chouinard, Jed O. Kaplan, Thomas Kastner, Francesco S. R. Pausata, Erick Robinson, Nicki J. Whitehouse, Marco Madella, Kathleen D. Morrison
Development and testing of scenarios for implementing Holocene LULC in Earth System Model Experiments
published pages: 1-26, ISSN: 1991-962X, DOI: 10.5194/gmd-2019-125
Geoscientific Model Development Discussions 2019-10-03
2019 Benjamin D. Stocker, Han Wang, Nicholas G. Smith, Sandy P. Harrison, Trevor F. Keenan, David Sandoval, Tyler Davis, I. Colin Prentice
P-model v1.0: An optimality-based light use efficiency model for simulating ecosystem gross primary production
published pages: 1-59, ISSN: 1991-962X, DOI: 10.5194/gmd-2019-200
Geoscientific Model Development Discussions 2019-10-03
2019 Sean F. Cleator, Sandy P. Harrison, Nancy K, Nichols, Iain Colin Prentice, Ian Roulstone
A new multi-variable benchmark for Last Glacial Maximum climate simulations
published pages: 1-22, ISSN: 1814-9359, DOI: 10.5194/cp-2019-55
Climate of the Past Discussions 2019-10-03
2017 Masa Kageyama, Samuel Albani, Pascale Braconnot, Sandy P. Harrison, Peter O. Hopcroft, Ruza F. Ivanovic, Fabrice Lambert, Olivier Marti, W. Richard Peltier, Jean-Yves Peterschmitt, Didier M. Roche, Lev Tarasov, Xu Zhang, Esther C. Brady, Alan M. Haywood, Allegra N. LeGrande, Daniel J. Lunt, Natalie M. Mahowald, Uwe Mikolajewicz, Kerim H. Nisancioglu, Bette L. Otto-Bliesner, Hans Renssen, Robert A. Tomas, Qiong Zhang, Ayako Abe-Ouchi, Patrick J. Bartlein, Jian Cao, Qiang Li, Gerrit Lohmann, Rumi Ohgaito, Xiaoxu Shi, Evgeny Volodin, Kohei Yoshida, Xiao Zhang, Weipeng Zheng
The PMIP4 contribution to CMIP6 – Part 4: Scientific objectives and experimental design of the PMIP4-CMIP6 Last Glacial Maximum experiments and PMIP4 sensitivity experiments
published pages: 4035-4055, ISSN: 1991-9603, DOI: 10.5194/gmd-10-4035-2017
Geoscientific Model Development 10/11 2019-06-13
2017 María Fernanda Sánchez Goñi, Stéphanie Desprat, Anne-Laure Daniau, Frank C. Bassinot, Josué M. Polanco-Martínez, Sandy P. Harrison, Judy R. M. Allen, R. Scott Anderson, Hermann Behling, Raymonde Bonnefille, Francesc Burjachs, José S. Carrión, Rachid Cheddadi, James S. Clark, Nathalie Combourieu-Nebout, Colin. J. Courtney Mustaphi, Georg H. Debusk, Lydie M. Dupont, Jemma M. Finch, William J. Fletcher, Marco Giardini, Catalina González, William D. Gosling, Laurie D. Grigg, Eric C. Grimm, Ryoma Hayashi, Karin Helmens, Linda E. Heusser, Trevor Hill, Geoffrey Hope, Brian Huntley, Yaeko Igarashi, Tomohisa Irino, Bonnie Jacobs, Gonzalo Jiménez-Moreno, Sayuri Kawai, A. Peter Kershaw, Fujio Kumon, Ian T. Lawson, Marie-Pierre Ledru, Anne-Marie Lézine, Ping Mei Liew, Donatella Magri, Robert Marchant, Vasiliki Margari, Francis E. Mayle, G. Merna McKenzie, Patrick Moss, Stefanie Müller, Ulrich C. Müller, Filipa Naughton, Rewi M. Newnham, Tadamichi Oba, Ramón Pérez-Obiol, Roberta Pini, Cesare Ravazzi, Katy H. Roucoux, Stephen M. Rucina, Louis Scott, Hikaru Takahara, Polichronis C. Tzedakis, Dunia H. Urrego, Bas van Geel, B. Guido Valencia, Marcus J. Vandergoes, Annie Vincens, Cathy L. Whitlock, Debra A. Willard, Masanobu Yamamoto
The ACER pollen and charcoal database: a global resource to document vegetation and fire response to abrupt climate changes during the last glacial period
published pages: 679-695, ISSN: 1866-3516, DOI: 10.5194/essd-9-679-2017
Earth System Science Data 9/2 2019-06-13
2018 Hengl, T., Walsh, M.G., Sanderman, J., Wheeler, I., Harrison, S.P. and Prentice, I.C.
Global maps of potential natural vegetation: An assessment of machine learning algorithms for operational mapping of land potential
published pages: , ISSN: 2167-8359, DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.26811v1
PeerJPreprints 2019-06-13
2016 Bette L. Otto-Bliesner, Pascale Braconnot, Sandy P. Harrison, Daniel J. Lunt, Ayako Abe-Ouchi, Samuel Albani, Patrick J. Bartlein, Emilie Capron, Anders E. Carlson, Andrea Dutton, Hubertus Fischer, Heiko Goelzer, Aline Govin, Alan Haywood, Fortunat Joos, Allegra N. Legrande, William H. Lipscomb, Gerrit Lohmann, Natalie Mahowald, Christoph Nehrbass-Ahles, Francesco S.-R. Pausata, Jean-Yves Peterschmitt, Steven Phipps, Hans Renssen
The PMIP4 contribution to CMIP6 – Part 2: Two Interglacials, Scientific Objective and Experimental Design for Holocene and Last Interglacial Simulations
published pages: 1-36, ISSN: 1991-962X, DOI: 10.5194/gmd-2016-279
Geoscientific Model Development Discussions 2019-06-13
2019 Matthias Forkel, Niels Andela, Sandy P. Harrison, Gitta Lasslop, Margreet van Marle, Emilio Chuvieco, Wouter Dorigo, Matthew Forrest, Stijn Hantson, Angelika Heil, Fang Li, Joe Melton, Stephen Sitch, Chao Yue, Almut Arneth
Emergent relationships with respect to burned area in global satellite observations and fire-enabled vegetation models
published pages: 57-76, ISSN: 1726-4189, DOI: 10.5194/bg-16-57-2019
Biogeosciences 16/1 2019-05-27
2019 Dongyang Wei, Penélope González-Sampériz, Graciela Gil-Romera, Sandy P. Harrison, I. Colin Prentice
Climate changes in interior semi-arid Spain from the last interglacial to the late Holocene
published pages: 1-31, ISSN: 1814-9359, DOI: 10.5194/cp-2019-16
Climate of the Past Discussions 2019-05-27
2018 Kamolphat Atsawawaranunt, Laia Comas-Bru, Sahar Amirnezhad Mozhdehi, Michael Deininger, Sandy P. Harrison, Andy Baker, Meighan Boyd, Nikita Kaushal, Syed Masood Ahmad, Yassine Ait Brahim, Monica Arienzo, Petra Bajo, Kerstin Braun, Yuval Burstyn, Sakonvan Chawchai, Wuhui Duan, István Gábor Hatvani, Jun Hu, Zoltán Kern, Inga Labuhn, Matthew Lachniet, Franziska A. Lechleitner, Andrew Lorrey, Carlos Pérez-Mejías, Robyn Pickering, Nick Scroxton
The SISAL database: a global resource to document oxygen and carbon isotope records from speleothems
published pages: 1687-1713, ISSN: 1866-3516, DOI: 10.5194/essd-10-1687-2018
Earth System Science Data 10/3 2019-05-27

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