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Cathedral SIGNED

Post-Snowden Circuits and Design Methods for Security

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






 Cathedral project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the Cathedral project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "Cathedral" about.

stronger    abstraction    fundamental    fed    demand    encryption    compatible    summary    back    orders    post    speed    generation    wired    viewpoint    variations    human    abuse    revisit    evaluation    integration    root    realizes    standard    driver    protection    imagined    trustworthy    electronics    schemes    amazing    agencies    cell    protocols    attack    environment    trust    crime    complexity    body    circuits    soon    create    distributed    strengthen    relies    public    ip    look    sent    cloud    benefit    flow    electronic    algorithms    platforms    digital    technologies    hackers    hw    magnitude    levels    intelligence    split    cryptographic    wireless    security    probably    private    everything    digitally    creates    invading    things    snowden    quantum    individual    internet    sensors    links    nodes    lightweight    pick    layers    re    authenticated    sw    integrating    society    master    hardware    vulnerable    cheap    eavesdropping    huge    secure    blocks    ict    quality    data   

Project "Cathedral" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
address: OUDE MARKT 13
city: LEUVEN
postcode: 3000

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Belgium [BE]
 Total cost 2˙369˙250 €
 EC max contribution 2˙369˙250 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2015-AdG
 Funding Scheme ERC-ADG
 Starting year 2016
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2016-09-01   to  2021-08-31


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    KATHOLIEKE UNIVERSITEIT LEUVEN BE (LEUVEN) coordinator 2˙369˙250.00


 Project objective

Summary: Comprehensive set of circuits and design methods to create next generation electronic circuits with strong built-in trust and security. Electronics are integrating/invading into the human environment at an amazing speed, called the Internet-of-Things and next the Internet-of-Everything. This creates huge security problems. Distributed (e.g. body) sensors, pick up often very private data, which is sent digitally into the cloud, over wireless and wired links. Protection of this data relies on high-quality cryptographic algorithms and protocols. The nodes need to be cheap and lightweight, making them very vulnerable to eavesdropping and abuse. Moreover, post-Snowden, society realizes that the attack capabilities of intelligence agencies, and probably following soon of organized crime and other hackers, are orders of magnitude stronger than imagined. Thus there is a strong demand to re-establish trust in ICT systems. In this proposal we focus on the root of trust: the digital hardware. The overall objective is to provide fundamental enabling technologies for secure trustworthy digital circuits which can be applied in a wide range of applications. To master complexity, digital hardware design is traditionally split into different abstraction layers. We revisit these abstraction layers from a security viewpoint: we look at process variations to the benefit of security, standard cell compatible digital design flow with security as design objective, hardware IP blocks for next generation cryptographic algorithms and protocols (e.g. authenticated encryption schemes, post-quantum public key schemes), integration into embedded HW/SW platforms, and methods to provide trust evidence to higher levels of abstraction. To strengthen the security we investigate the links between the layers. Finally an embedded application is selected as design driver, the security evaluation of which will be fed back to the individual layers.


year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2019 M. Grujic, V. Rozic, D. Johnston, J. Kelsey, and I. Verbauwhede
Design Principles for True Random Number Generators for Security Applications
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI: 10.1145/3316781.3323482
Design Automation Conference (DAC 2019) 2019-10-29
2019 Turan, Furkan ; Verbauwhede, Ingrid
Compact and Flexible FPGA Implementation of Ed25519 and X25519
published pages: , ISSN: 1539-9087, DOI: 10.1145/3312742
Acm Transactions On Embedded Computing Systems 2019-10-29
2019 Kai-Hsin Chuang, Erik Bury, Robin Degraeve, Ben Kaczer, Dimitri Linten, Ingrid Verbauwhede
A Physically Unclonable Function Using Soft Oxide Breakdown Featuring 0% Native BER and 51.8 fJ/bit in 40-nm CMOS
published pages: 2765-2776, ISSN: 0018-9200, DOI: 10.1109/jssc.2019.2920714
IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits 54/10 2019-10-29
2019 D’Anvers, JP ; Guo, Q ; Johansson, T ; Nilsson, A ; Vercauteren, F ; Verbauwhede, I
Decryption Failure Attacks on IND-CCA Secure Lattice-Based Schemes
published pages: 565 - 598, ISSN: 0302-9743, DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-17259-6_19
Lecture Notes in Computer Science 2019-10-29
2019 Karmakar, Angshuman ; Roy, Sujoy Sinha ; Vercauteren, Frederik ; Verbauwhede, Ingrid
Pushing the speed limit of constant-time discrete Gaussian sampling. A case study on the Falcon signature scheme.
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI: 10.1145/3316781.3317887
Design Automation Conference (DAC 2019) 2019-10-29
2018 Kai-Hsin Chuang, Robin Degraeve, Andrea Fantini, Guido Groeseneken, Dimitri Linten, Ingrid Verbauwhede
A Cautionary Note When Looking for a Truly Reconfigurable Resistive RAM PUF.
published pages: 98–117, ISSN: 2569-2925, DOI: 10.13154/tches.v2018.i1.98-117
IACR Transactions on Cryptographic Hardware and Embedded Systems Vol. 2018, No. 1 2019-06-13
2017 Arthur Beckers, Benedikt Gierlichs, Ingrid Verbauwhede
Fault Analysis of the ChaCha and Salsa Families of Stream Ciphers
published pages: 196-212, ISSN: , DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-75208-2_12
Smart Card Research and Advanced Applications. CARDIS 2017 2019-06-13
2017 Ruan de Clercq, Ingrid Verbauwhede
A survey of Hardware-based Control Flow Integrity (CFI)
published pages: 1-27, ISSN: 1557-7341, DOI:
ACM Computing Surveys (CSUR) abs/1706.07257 2019-06-13
2018 Pieter Maene, Johannes Gotzfried, Ruan de Clercq, Tilo Muller, Felix Freiling, Ingrid Verbauwhede
Hardware-Based Trusted Computing Architectures for Isolation and Attestation
published pages: 361-374, ISSN: 0018-9340, DOI: 10.1109/TC.2017.2647955
IEEE Transactions on Computers 67/3 2019-06-13
2017 Milos Grujic, Vladimir Rozic, Bohan Yang, Ingrid Verbauwhede
Lightweight Prediction-Based Tests for On-Line Min-Entropy Estimation
published pages: 45-48, ISSN: 1943-0663, DOI: 10.1109/LES.2017.2687082
IEEE Embedded Systems Letters 9/2 2019-06-13
2019 Jeroen Delvaux
Machine-Learning Attacks on PolyPUFs, OB-PUFs, RPUFs, LHS-PUFs, and PUF–FSMs
published pages: 1-1, ISSN: 1556-6013, DOI: 10.1109/TIFS.2019.2891223
IEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security 2019-06-13
2019 Roy, Sujoy Sinha; Turan, Furkan; Jarvinen, Kimmo; Vercauteren, Frederik; Verbauwhede, Ingrid
FPGA-based High-Performance Parallel Architecture for Homomorphic Computing on Encrypted Data
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.2641901
1 2019-06-13
2017 Sujoy Sinha Roy, Frederik Vercauteren, Jo Vliegen, Ingrid Verbauwhede
Hardware Assisted Fully Homomorphic Function Evaluation and Encrypted Search
published pages: 1562-1572, ISSN: 0018-9340, DOI: 10.1109/TC.2017.2686385
IEEE Transactions on Computers 66/9 2019-06-13
2019 D\'Anvers, Jan-Pieter; Vercauteren, Frederik; Verbauwhede, Ingrid
The impact of error dependencies on Ring/Mod-LWE/LWR based schemes
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.2641881
1 2019-06-13
2017 Ruan de Clercq, Johannes Götzfried, David Übler, Pieter Maene, Ingrid Verbauwhede
SOFIA: Software and control flow integrity architecture
published pages: 16-35, ISSN: 0167-4048, DOI: 10.1016/j.cose.2017.03.013
Computers & Security 68 2019-06-13
2017 Oscar Reparaz, Benedikt Gierlichs, Ingrid Verbauwhede
Fast Leakage Assessment
published pages: 387-399, ISSN: , DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-66787-4_19
Cryptographic Hardware and Embedded Systems – CHES 2017 2019-06-13
2017 O. Reparaz, and B. Gierlichs
A first-order chosen-plaintext DPA attack on the third round of DES
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.2643352
2017 Zhe Liu, Thomas Pöppelmann, Tobias Oder, Hwajeong Seo, Sujoy Sinha Roy, Tim Güneysu, Johann Großschädl, Howon Kim, Ingrid Verbauwhede
High-Performance Ideal Lattice-Based Cryptography on 8-Bit AVR Microcontrollers
published pages: 1-24, ISSN: 1539-9087, DOI: 10.1145/3092951
ACM Transactions on Embedded Computing Systems 16/4 2019-06-13
2019 D\'Anvers, Jan-Pieter; Vercauteren, Frederik; Verbauwhede, Ingrid
On the impact of decryption failures on the security of LWE/LWR based schemes
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.2641892
1 2019-06-13
2017 Ruan de Clercq
Hardware supported Software and Control Flow Integrity
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.2643373
2018 Bohan Yang
True Random Number Generators for FPGAs
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
2017 Sinha Roy, Sujoy
Public Key Cryptography on Hardware Platforms: Design and Analysis of Elliptic Curve and Lattice-based Cryptoprocessors
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.2643390
2018 Saki Osuka, Daisuke Fujimoto, Yu-ichi Hayashi, Naofumi Homma, Arthur Beckers, Josep Balasch, Benedikt Gierlichs, Ingrid Verbauwhede
EM Information Security Threats Against RO-Based TRNGs: The Frequency Injection Attack Based on IEMI and EM Information Leakage
published pages: 1-7, ISSN: 0018-9375, DOI: 10.1109/temc.2018.2844027
IEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic Compatibility 2019-05-22
2018 P. F. Wang, E. X. Zhang, K. H. Chuang, W. Liao, H. Gong, P. Wang, C. N. Arutt, K. Ni, M. W. Mccurdy, I. Verbauwhede, E. Bury, D. Linten, D. M. Fleetwood, R. D. Schrimpf, R. A. Reed
X-Ray and Proton Radiation Effects on 40 nm CMOS Physically Unclonable Function Devices
published pages: 1519-1524, ISSN: 0018-9499, DOI: 10.1109/tns.2017.2789160
IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science 65/8 2019-05-22
2018 Danilo Šijačić, Josep Balasch, Bohan Yang, Santosh Ghosh, Ingrid Verbauwhede
Towards Efficient and Automated Side Channel Evaluations at Design Time
published pages: 16--1, ISSN: , DOI: 10.29007/mbf3
Kalpa Publications in Computing volume 7 2019-05-22
2017 O. Reparaz, and B. Gierlichs
A first-order chosen-plaintext DPA attack on the third round of DES
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.2643352
2017 Ingrid Verbauwhede
Security Adds an Extra Dimension to IC Design: Future IC Design Must Focus on Security in Addition to Low Power and Energy
published pages: 41-45, ISSN: 1943-0582, DOI: 10.1109/mssc.2017.2745799
IEEE Solid-State Circuits Magazine 9/4 2019-05-22
2018 Vladimir Rozic, Ingrid Verbauwhede
Hardware-Efficient Post-processing Architectures for True Random Number Generators
published pages: 1-1, ISSN: 1549-7747, DOI: 10.1109/tcsii.2018.2881559
IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems II: Express Briefs 2019-05-22
2018 Kimmo Järvinen, Sujoy Sinha Roy, Ingrid Verbauwhede
Arithmetic of $$tau $$ Ï„ -adic expansions for lightweight Koblitz curve cryptography
published pages: 285-300, ISSN: 2190-8508, DOI: 10.1007/s13389-018-0182-0
Journal of Cryptographic Engineering 8/4 2019-05-22
2018 Bohan Yang Vladimir Rožic Miloš Grujic Nele Mentens Ingrid Verbauwhede
ES-TRNG: A High-throughput, Low-area True Random Number Generator based on Edge Sampling
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI: 10.13154/tches.v2018.i3.267-292
IACR Transactions on Cryptographic Hardware and Embedded Systems 2019-05-22
2018 Wouter Biesmans, Josep Balasch, Alfredo Rial, Bart Preneel, Ingrid Verbauwhede
Private Mobile Pay-TV From Priced Oblivious Transfer
published pages: 280-291, ISSN: 1556-6013, DOI: 10.1109/tifs.2017.2746058
IEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security 13/2 2019-05-22
2017 Delvaux, Jeroen
Security Analysis of PUF-Based Key Generation and Entity Authentication
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.2643392
2019 Kumar, D.S.; Beckers, A; Balasch, J; Gierlichs, B; Verbauwhede, I
An In-depth and Black-Box Characterization of the Effects of Laser Pulses on ATmega328P
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.2647324
Lecture Notes in Computer Science LNCS 2019-05-22
2018 Yu, MD
PUF Constructions with Limited Information Leakage
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
2018 Pieter Maene, Johannes Gotzfried, Tilo Muller, Ruan de Clercq, Felix Freiling, Ingrid Verbauwhede
Atlas: Application Confidentiality in Compromised Embedded Systems
published pages: 1-1, ISSN: 1545-5971, DOI: 10.1109/tdsc.2018.2858257
IEEE Transactions on Dependable and Secure Computing 2019-05-22
2017 Bogdan Groza, Stefan Murvay, Anthony Van Herrewege, Ingrid Verbauwhede
published pages: 1-28, ISSN: 1539-9087, DOI: 10.1145/3056506
ACM Transactions on Embedded Computing Systems 16/3 2019-05-22

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