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Crossed Memories, Politics of Silence: The Colonial-Liberation Wars in Postcolonial Times

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






 CROME project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the CROME project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "CROME" about.

guinea    regarding    moments    had    played    former    traumatic    left    war    battlefield    ground    first    innovative    remembered    play    perspective    ways    memories    silencing    nature    independences    everlasting    summon    generate    strand    diachronic    mostly    dynamics    inasmuch    examine    actively    dealing    colonies    intends    tom    portuguese    consideration    liberation    portugal    selective    african    burden    breaking    historicity    pasts    evocations    contrasts    historical    gave    anticolonial    judgements    memorialisation    empire    instrumental    constraints    bissau    persisting    1961    1974    plural    post    amnesias    uses    postcolonial    principe    independence    recognising    histories    cycle    social    colonial    divided    put    nowadays    chosen    individual    wars    memory    multiple    anti    named    silenced    articulating    movements    verde    angola    conflicts    triggered    strands    caused    eacute    took    mozambique    place    pro    overcoming    mobilising    pivotal    legacies    hypothesis    conflicting    ended    fought    cape    highlight    looks    started    simultaneously    country    generating    atilde    representations    crome    colonialism   

Project "CROME" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
postcode: 3000 995

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Portugal [PT]
 Project website
 Total cost 1˙478˙249 €
 EC max contribution 1˙478˙249 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2016-STG
 Funding Scheme ERC-STG
 Starting year 2017
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2017-02-01   to  2022-01-31


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    CENTRO DE ESTUDOS SOCIAIS PT (COIMBRA) coordinator 1˙478˙249.00


 Project objective

Colonial-Liberation Wars generate plural memories, conflicting evocations and persisting amnesias. The project’s main challenge is to produce innovative knowledge about the memories of the wars fought by the Portuguese state and pro-independence African movements between 1961 and 1974/5. The approach chosen is simultaneously diachronic and comparative, inasmuch as it contrasts changes that took place between the end of the conflicts and nowadays, regarding how wars, colonial pasts and anticolonial legacies have been remembered and silenced in Portugal, Angola, Mozambique, Guinea-Bissau, Cape Verde and São Tomé and Principe. The key hypothesis is that wars - as pivotal moments that ended the cycle of Empire in Portugal and started the cycle of African independences in the former Portuguese colonies - triggered memorialisation and silencing processes which had their own historicity. CROME is divided into two strands. The first one, named ‘Colonial Wars, Postcolonial States’, looks at the role played by the states under consideration in mobilising, articulating and recognising the past, but also in actively generating selective representations. ‘Memory as a battlefield’ is the second strand, which will highlight distinct uses of the past and dynamics between social memories and individual memories. The project intends to demonstrate how wars gave rise to multiple memories and conflicting historical judgements, mostly in Portugal, but also to examine how the specific nature of the (post-)colonial histories of each African country has generated different ways to summon war memories and (anti-)colonial legacies. CROME will, thus, put forward a ground-breaking perspective in terms of colonial-liberation war studies, and will be instrumental in dealing with such traumatic experience, for its comparative approach might help overcoming everlasting constraints still at play today, caused by the historical burden European colonialism left behind.


year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2020 Miguel Cardina
\"\"\"The implicated subject\"\": a concept worth exploring\"
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
Memoirs Newsletter 82 2020-04-03
2019 Miguel Cardina, Bruno Sena Martins
Memorias cruzadas de la guerra colonial portuguesa y las luchas de liberación africanas: del Imperio a los Estados poscoloniales
published pages: 113, ISSN: 2174-5676, DOI: 10.5944/endoxa.44.2019.24347
ENDOXA 44 2020-04-03
2019 Vasco Martins, Miguel Cardina
A Memory of Concrete: Politics of Representation and Silence in the Agostinho Neto Memorial
published pages: 46-64, ISSN: 2309-9585, DOI: 10.17159/2309-9585/2019/v45a3
Kronos 45/1 2020-04-03
2019 Bruno Sena Martins, Miguel Cardina
Da guerra colonial às independências africanas
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
Esquerda.NET - Dossier 301: As feridas abertas da Guerra Colonial 301 2020-04-03
2019 Miguel Cardina e Susana Martins
Evading the War: Deserters and Draft Evaders from the Portuguese Army during the Colonial War
published pages: , ISSN: 1645-6432, DOI:
e-journal of Portuguese History Vol. 17, number 1 2020-04-03
2019 Miguel Cardina
Dos primórdios do rap em Portugal: margens e centro, acomodação e emancipação
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
Memoirs Newsletter 71 2020-04-03
2019 Inês Nascimento Rodrigues
\"O \"\"Massacre de Batepá\"\" em São Tomé e Príncipe: ecos desde 1953 à atualidade\"
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
Esquerda.NET - Dossier 301: As feridas abertas da Guerra Colonial 2020-04-03
2020 André Caiado
A presença de um imaginário imperial na monumentalização da memória da Guerra Colonial Portuguesa
published pages: , ISSN: 2182-9187, DOI:
Revista Cabo dos Trabalhos 20 2020-04-03
2019 Inês Nascimento Rodrigues
As múltiplas vidas de Batepá: memórias de um massacre colonial em São Tomé e Príncipe (1953-2018)
published pages: 4, ISSN: 0101-4064, DOI: 10.15448/1980-864x.2019.2.32441
Estudos Ibero-Americanos 45/2 2019-09-26
2019 Miguel Cardina, Bruno Sena Martins, Sheila Khan
A violência colonial no presente: pesquisas, testemunhos e perspectivas – Entrevista com Mustafah Dhada
published pages: 64, ISSN: 0101-4064, DOI: 10.15448/1980-864x.2019.2.33813
Estudos Ibero-Americanos 45/2 2019-09-26
2019 Natália Bueno
Marginalization and Conflict – The Politics of Memory in Mozambique
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
Blog Justice in Conflict 2019-09-26
2019 Sheila Khan, Bruno Sena Martins, Miguel Cardina
Memórias da Violência Colonial: reconhecimentos do passado e lutas pelo futuro
published pages: 1, ISSN: 0101-4064, DOI: 10.15448/1980-864x.2019.2.33814
Estudos Ibero-Americanos 45/2 2019-09-26
2018 Vasco Martins
Review of Schubert, Jon, Working the System: A Political Ethnography of the New Angola
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
H-Net Reviews in the Humanities & Social Sciences 2019-05-27
2017 Vasco Martins
Etnicidade: evolução conceptual relativa ao contexto Africano
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
Cartografia afro-lusa de Cultura, Língua e Artes 2019-05-27
2017 Albert Farré
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
Cartografia afro-lusa de Cultura, Língua e Artes 2019-05-27
2017 Miguel Cardina
Enfrentar os fantasmas presentes
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
2018 Inês Nascimento Rodrigues
Descolonizar a fantasmagoria. Uma reflexão a partir do “Massacre de 1953” em São Tomé e Príncipe*
published pages: 29-50, ISSN: 0254-1106, DOI: 10.4000/rccs.6954
Revista Crítica de Ciências Sociais 115 2019-05-27
2017 Miguel Cardina
Guerra Colonial
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
Cartografia afro-lusa de Cultura, Língua e Artes 2019-05-27
2017 Inês Nascimento Rodrigues
Pós-memória: Algumas considerações conceptuais
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
Cartografia afro-lusa de Cultura, Língua e Artes 2019-05-08

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