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Culture Aware Robots and Environmental Sensor Systems for Elderly Support

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






Project "CARESSES" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
address: VIA BALBI 5
city: GENOVA
postcode: 16126

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Italy [IT]
 Project website
 Total cost 2˙084˙248 €
 EC max contribution 2˙084˙248 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.3.1.4. (Active ageing and self-management of health)
 Code Call H2020-SC1-2016-CNECT-EUJ
 Funding Scheme RIA
 Starting year 2017
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2017-01-01   to  2020-01-31


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    UNIVERSITA DEGLI STUDI DI GENOVA IT (GENOVA) coordinator 548˙875.00
2    OREBRO UNIVERSITY SE (OREBRO) participant 502˙326.00
3    SOFTBANK ROBOTICS EUROPE FR (PARIS) participant 356˙250.00
5    UNIVERSITY OF BEDFORDSHIRE UK (LUTON) participant 247˙742.00
6    ADVINIA HEALTH CARE LIMITED UK (LONDON) participant 102˙375.00


 Project objective

The groundbreaking objective of CARESSES is to build culturally competent care robots, able to autonomously re-configure their way of acting and speaking, when offering a service, to match the culture, customs and etiquette of the person they are assisting. By designing robots that are more sensitive to the user’s needs, CARESSES’ innovative solution will offer elderly clients a safe, reliable and intuitive system to foster their independence and autonomy, with a greater impact on quality of life, a reduced caregiver burden, and an improved efficiency and efficacy.

The need for cultural competence has been deeply investigated in the Nursing literature. However, it has been totally neglected in Robotics. CARESSES stems from the consideration that cultural competence is crucial for care robots as it is for human caregivers. From the user’s perspective, a culturally appropriate behavior is key to improve acceptability; from the commercial perspective, it will open new avenues for marketing robots across different countries.

CARESSES will adopt the following approach. First, we will study how to represent cultural models, how to use these models in sensing, planning and acting, and how to acquire them. Second, we will consider three (physically identical) replicas of a commercial robot on the market and integrate cultural models into them, by making them culturally competent. Third, we will test the three robots, customized for three different cultures, in the EU (two cultural groups) and Japan (one cultural group), on a number of elderly volunteers and their informal caregivers. Evaluation will be conducted through quantitative and qualitative investigation.

To achieve its groundbreaking objective, CARESSES will involve a multidisciplinary team of EU and Japanese researchers with a background in Transcultural Nursing, AI, Robotics, Testing and evaluations of health-care technology, a worldwide leading company in Robotics and a network of Nursing care homes.


List of deliverables.
Detailed scenarios Documents, reports 2019-10-09 11:47:51
Basic guidelines for a culturally competent robot Documents, reports 2019-10-09 11:47:38
Internal web-site (updated during the project) Other 2019-05-31 11:51:27
Report on robot-user verbal interaction Documents, reports 2019-05-31 11:51:30
Media Packages, including infographics and videos (year 1) Other 2019-05-31 11:51:23
Report on basic motions and perceptions Documents, reports 2019-05-31 11:51:27
Report on culturally sensitive plan execution Documents, reports 2019-05-31 11:51:25
Report on cultural knowledge reasoning Documents, reports 2019-05-31 11:51:20
Report on the integration of the cultural knowledge base Documents, reports 2019-05-31 11:51:25
Data Management Plan (updated during the project) Open Research Data Pilot 2019-05-31 11:51:24
Scientific Publications on International Journals and Conferences (year 1) Documents, reports 2019-05-31 11:51:19
Report on cultural knowledge representation Documents, reports 2019-05-31 11:51:22
Report on culturally sensitive planning Documents, reports 2019-05-31 11:51:26
Report on re-configuration of the robot’s verbal and non-verbal behavior Documents, reports 2019-05-25 17:10:04
Report on the integration of heterogeneous devices and networks Documents, reports 2019-05-25 17:10:04
Report on integrated, culturally sensitive planning and execution Documents, reports 2019-05-25 17:10:04
Scientific Publications on International Journals and Conferences (year 2) Documents, reports 2019-05-25 17:10:04
Report on assessment of the user’s personality traits Documents, reports 2019-05-25 17:10:04
Refined guidelines for cultural competence encoded in the cultural knowledge base Other 2019-05-25 17:10:04
Final report on WP1 Documents, reports 2019-05-25 17:10:04
Open source release: Cloud-based applications for cultural competence Other 2019-05-25 17:10:04
Detailed protocol for screening, recruitment, and testing Other 2019-05-25 17:10:04
Media Packages, including infographics and videos (year 2) Other 2019-05-25 17:10:04
Report on cultural knowledge acquisition and updating Documents, reports 2019-05-25 17:10:04

Take a look to the deliverables list in detail:  detailed list of CARESSES deliverables.


year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2019 Pakpoom Patompak, Sungmoon Jeong, Itthisek Nilkhamhang, Nak Young Chong
Learning Proxemics for Personalized Human–Robot Social Interaction
published pages: , ISSN: 1875-4791, DOI: 10.1007/s12369-019-00560-9
International Journal of Social Robotics 2020-03-24
2018 Irena Papadopoulos, Christina Koulouglioti, Sheila Ali
Views of nurses and other health and social care workers on the use of assistive humanoid and animal-like robots in health and social care: a scoping review
published pages: 425-442, ISSN: 1037-6178, DOI: 10.1080/10376178.2018.1519374
Contemporary Nurse 54/4-5 2020-03-24
2019 Barbara Bruno, Carmine Tommaso Recchiuto, Irena Papadopoulos, Alessandro Saffiotti, Christina Koulouglioti, Roberto Menicatti, Fulvio Mastrogiovanni, Renato Zaccaria, Antonio Sgorbissa
Knowledge Representation for Culturally Competent Personal Robots: Requirements, Design Principles, Implementation, and Assessment
published pages: 515-538, ISSN: 1875-4791, DOI: 10.1007/s12369-019-00519-w
International Journal of Social Robotics 11/3 2020-03-24
2020 Irena Papadopoulos, Christina Koulouglioti, Runa Lazzarino, Sheila Ali
Enablers and barriers to the implementation of socially assistive humanoid robots in health and social care: a systematic review
published pages: e033096, ISSN: 2044-6055, DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2019-033096
BMJ Open 10/1 2020-03-24
2019 Ting-Chia Chiang, Barbara Bruno, Roberto Menicatti, Carmine Tommaso Recchiuto, Antonio Sgorbissa
Culture as a Sensor? A Novel Perspective on Human Activity Recognition
published pages: 797-814, ISSN: 1875-4791, DOI: 10.1007/s12369-019-00590-3
International Journal of Social Robotics 11/5 2020-03-24
2020 Pham, Van Cu; Lim, Yuto; Bui, Ha-Duong; Tan, Yatsuo; Chong, Nak Young; Sgorbissa, Antonio
An Experimental Study on Culturally Competent Robot for Smart Home Environment
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-44041-1_34
Proceedings of the 34th International Conference on Advanced Information Networking and Applications (AINA-2020), Advanced Information Networking and Applications Advances in Intelligent Systems 2020-03-24
2018 Irena Papadopoulos, Christina Koulouglioti
The Influence of Culture on Attitudes Towards Humanoid and Animal‐like Robots: An Integrative Review
published pages: 653-665, ISSN: 1527-6546, DOI: 10.1111/jnu.12422
Journal of Nursing Scholarship 50/6 2020-03-24
2019 Van Cu Pham, Yuto Lim, Antonio Sgorbissa, Yasuo Tan
An Ontology-driven ECHONET Lite Adaptation Layer for Smart Homes
published pages: 360-368, ISSN: 1882-6652, DOI: 10.2197/ipsjjip.27.360
Journal of Information Processing 27/0 2020-03-24
2017 Hiroko Kamide, Tatsuo Arai
Perceived Comfortableness of Anthropomorphized Robots in U.S. and Japan
published pages: 537-543, ISSN: 1875-4791, DOI: 10.1007/s12369-017-0409-8
International Journal of Social Robotics 9/4 2019-06-11
2017 Barbara Bruno, Nak Young Chong, Hiroko Kamide, Sanjeev Kanoria, Jaeryoung Lee, Yuto Lim, Amit Kumar Pandey, Chris Papadopoulos, Irena Papadopoulos, Federico Pecora, Alessandro Saffiotti, Antonio Sgorbissa
The CARESSES EU-Japan project: making assistive robots culturally competent
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
Proc. foritaal 2017, Ambient Assisted Living 8th Forum 2019-06-11
2018 Muhammad Hassan Tanveer, Antonio Sgorbissa
An Inverse Perspective Mapping Approach using Monocular Camera of Pepper Humanoid Robot to Determine the Position of Other Moving Robot in Plane
published pages: 1-7, ISSN: , DOI:
Proc. 15th International Conference on Informatics in Control, Automation and Robotics (ICINCO 2018) 2019-06-11
2018 Nguyen Tan Viet Tuyen, Sungmoon Jeong, Nak Young Chong
Incremental Learning of Human Emotional Behavior for Social Robot Emotional Body Expression
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
Proc 15th International Conference on Ubiquitous Robots (UR 2018) 2019-06-11
2018 Nicholas Melo, Jaeryoung Lee
Environment aware ADL recognition system based on decision tree and activity frame
published pages: 155-167, ISSN: 2081-4836, DOI: 10.1515/pjbr-2018-0011
Paladyn, Journal of Behavioral Robotics 9/1 2019-06-11
2018 Amit Pandey, Rodolphe Gelin
A Mass-Produced Sociable Humanoid Robot: Pepper: The First Machine of Its Kind
published pages: 1-1, ISSN: 1070-9932, DOI: 10.1109/MRA.2018.2833157
IEEE Robotics & Automation Magazine 2019-06-11
2017 Ha-Duong Bui, Cu Pham, Yuto Lim, Yasuo Tan, Nak Young Chong
Integrating a Humanoid Robot into ECHONET-Based Smart Home Environments
published pages: 314-323, ISSN: , DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-70022-9_31
Proc. International Conference on Social Robotics 2019-06-11
2018 Barbara Bruno, Roberto Menicatti, Carmine Recchiuto, Edouard Lagrue, Amit Kumar Pandey, Antonio Sgorbissa
Culturally-Competent Human-Robot Verbal Interaction
published pages: 1-8, ISSN: , DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.1211893
Proc. 15th International Conference on Ubiquitous Robots (UR2018) 2019-06-11
2017 Nicholas Melo and Jaeryoung Lee
User Activity Aware Support System Using ActivityFrame
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
Proc. BAILAR, 2nd Workshop on Behavior Adaptation, Interaction and Learning for Assistive Robotics 2019-06-11
2017 Nicholas Bastos Melo and Jaeryoung Lee
Design of a Smart Support System Architecture Focusing on the User Activity
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
Proc. 28th 2017 International Symposium on Micro-Nano Mechatronics and Human Science MHS2017 2019-06-11
2017 Tanapol Prucksakorn, Sungmoon Jeong, Nak Young Chong
A Joint Learning Framework of Visual Sensory Representation, Eye Movements and Depth Representation for Developmental Robotic Agents
published pages: 867-876, ISSN: , DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-70090-8_88
Proc. International Conference on Neural Information Processing 2019-06-11
2018 Uwe Kockemann, Ali Abdul Khaliq, Federico Pecora, Alessandro Saffiotti
Domain Reasoning for Robot Task Planning
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
Proc. PlanRob, ICAPS\'17 2019-06-11
2017 Irena Papadopoulos, Antonio Sgorbissa, Christina Koulouglioti
Caring robots are here to help
published pages: 18-20, ISSN: 2047-9018, DOI: 10.7748/ns.31.51.18.s22
Nursing Standard 31/51 2019-06-11
2017 Van Cu Pham, Yuto Lim, Yasuo Tan
Cloud-based Solution for Connecting Multiple Home Networks using universAAL Space Gateway
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
Proc. the IEICE Society Conference 2017 2019-06-11

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