Opendata, web and dolomites


Human Evolution at the Crossroads

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






Project "CROSSROADS" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
postcode: 72074

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Germany [DE]
 Total cost 1˙999˙250 €
 EC max contribution 1˙999˙250 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2016-COG
 Funding Scheme ERC-COG
 Starting year 2017
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2017-04-01   to  2022-03-31


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 


 Project objective

The most important open questions in European paleoanthropology concern the timing, number and origin of early human dispersals into the continent, the identity and number of taxa present, and their possible interactions. These issues remain unresolved partly due to the lack of research in South-East Europe, a region at the crossroads between continents and a refugium for fauna, flora and possibly human populations during glacial times. The PI’s previous work there (ERC StG PaGE) aimed to add new evidence to further our understanding of human evolution on the continent. PaGE led to the discovery of several new Paleolithic sites, including the oldest radiometrically dated archaeological site from South-East Europe, placing the region squarely in the Paleolithic map of Europe. CROSSROADS is an ambitious, groundbreaking research program that builds on the foundation of PaGE to take Paleolithic research in the region to a new level. In contrast to the exploratory goals of PaGE, it focuses on the early part of the Paleolithic targeting the following questions: Can human presence in South-East Europe, considered a major dispersal route into the continent from Africa and the Near East, be documented beyond the current known chronology of ca. 500 ka BP, as shown in the West? Is there a gap between the earliest human arrival and subsequent human activity in the region, or was human habitation continuous, as would be expected in a refugium? What was the environmental backdrop of the early human dispersal and subsequent evolution? How did behavioral / biological change correlate with environmental changes, chronology and landscape use? Can we document a higher level of diversity in the human fossil record of the region than would be expected under evolutionary scenarios developed on Western European evidence, suggesting that different evolutionary processes were at work? The answers to these questions will be essential for testing hypotheses about human evolution in Eurasia.


year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2019 Krystalia N. Chitoglou
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
BA Thesis 2019-10-29
2019 Fotios Alexandros Karakostis, Katerina Harvati
Interdisciplinary evidence of the effects of physical activity in the patterns of human hand entheses
published pages: 119-120, ISSN: , DOI:
American Journal of Physical Anthropology Volume 160, Issue S68, 2019 2019-10-29
2019 Judith Beier, Nils Anthes, Joachim Wahl, Katerina Harvati
Cranial trauma prevalence in Neanderthals and early Upper Paleolithic modern humans
published pages: 15-16, ISSN: , DOI:
American Journal of Physical Anthropology Volume 168, Issue S68, 2019 2019-10-29
2019 Sarah Barbier
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
MSc Thesis 2019-10-29
2019 Elena F. Kranioti, Dan Grigorescu, Katerina Harvati
State of the art forensic techniques reveal evidence of interpersonal violence ca. 30,000 years ago
published pages: e0216718, ISSN: 1932-6203, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0216718
PLOS ONE 14/7 2019-10-29
2019 Rodrigo S. Lacruz, Chris B. Stringer, William H. Kimbel, Bernard Wood, Katerina Harvati, Paul O’Higgins, Timothy G. Bromage, Juan-Luis Arsuaga
The evolutionary history of the human face
published pages: 726-736, ISSN: 2397-334X, DOI: 10.1038/s41559-019-0865-7
Nature Ecology & Evolution 3/5 2019-10-29
2019 Domenico Giusti, George E. Konidaris, Vangelis Tourloukis, Mattia Marini, Matteo Maron, Andrea Zerboni, Nicholas Thompson, George D. Koufos, Dimitris S. Kostopoulos, Katerina Harvati
Recursive anisotropy: a spatial taphonomic study of the Early Pleistocene vertebrate assemblage of Tsiotra Vryssi, Mygdonia Basin, Greece
published pages: 713-730, ISSN: 0300-9483, DOI: 10.1111/bor.12368
Boreas 48/3 2019-10-29
2019 Katerina Harvati, Carolin Röding, Abel M. Bosman, Fotios A. Karakostis, Rainer Grün, Chris Stringer, Panagiotis Karkanas, Nicholas C. Thompson, Vassilis Koutoulidis, Lia A. Moulopoulos, Vassilis G. Gorgoulis, Mirsini Kouloukoussa
Apidima Cave fossils provide earliest evidence of Homo sapiens in Eurasia
published pages: 500-504, ISSN: 0028-0836, DOI: 10.1038/s41586-019-1376-z
Nature 571/7766 2019-10-29
2019 Lars den Boef
Marathousa 1; expanding the sceneReconstructing the regional environment of the Marathousa 1 (Megalopolis, Greece) butchering-site during the Middle Pleistocene using palynological data
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
MSc Thesis 2019-10-29
2018 Vangelis Tourloukis, Giovanni Muttoni, Panagiotis Karkanas, Edoardo Monesi, Giancarlo Scardia, Eleni Panagopoulou, Katerina Harvati
Magnetostratigraphic and chronostratigraphic constraints on the Marathousa 1 Lower Palaeolithic site and the Middle Pleistocene deposits of the Megalopolis basin, Greece
published pages: , ISSN: 1040-6182, DOI: 10.1016/j.quaint.2018.03.043
Quaternary International 2019-10-08
2017 George D. Koufos, George E. Konidaris, Katerina Harvati
Revisiting Ursus etruscus (Carnivora, Mammalia) from the Early Pleistocene of Greece with description of new material
published pages: , ISSN: 1040-6182, DOI: 10.1016/j.quaint.2017.09.043
Quaternary International 2019-10-08
2018 Domenico Giusti, Vangelis Tourloukis, GeorgeE. Konidaris, Nicholas Thompson, Panagiotis Karkanas, Eleni Panagopoulou, Katerina Harvati
Beyond maps: Patterns of formation processes at the Middle Pleistocene open-air site of Marathousa 1, Megalopolis basin, Greece
published pages: , ISSN: 1040-6182, DOI: 10.1016/j.quaint.2018.01.041
Quaternary International 2019-10-08
2018 M.H. Field, M. Ntinou, G. Tsartsidou, D. van Berge Henegouwen, J. Risberg, V. Tourloukis, N. Thompson, P. Karkanas, E. Panagopoulou, K. Harvati
A palaeoenvironmental reconstruction (based on palaeobotanical data and diatoms) of the Middle Pleistocene elephant ( Palaeoloxodon antiquus ) butchery site at Marathousa, Megalopolis, Greece
published pages: , ISSN: 1040-6182, DOI: 10.1016/j.quaint.2018.06.014
Quaternary International 2019-10-08
2018 Judith Beier, Nils Anthes, Joachim Wahl, Katerina Harvati
Similar cranial trauma prevalence among Neanderthals and Upper Palaeolithic modern humans
published pages: , ISSN: 0028-0836, DOI: 10.1038/s41586-018-0696-8
Nature 2019-10-08
2018 Zenobia Jacobs, Bo Li, Panagiotis Karkanas, Vangelis Tourloukis, Nick Thompson, Eleni Panagopoulou, Katerina Harvati
Optical dating of K-feldspar grains from Middle Pleistocene lacustrine sediment at Marathousa 1 (Greece)
published pages: , ISSN: 1040-6182, DOI: 10.1016/j.quaint.2018.06.029
Quaternary International 2019-10-08
2018 Panagiotis Karkanas, Vangelis Tourloukis, Nicholas Thompson, Domenico Giusti, Eleni Panagopoulou, Katerina Harvati
Sedimentology and micromorphology of the Lower Palaeolithic lakeshore site Marathousa 1, Megalopolis basin, Greece
published pages: , ISSN: 1040-6182, DOI: 10.1016/j.quaint.2018.02.037
Quaternary International 2019-10-08
2018 Vangelis Tourloukis, Nicholas Thompson, Eleni Panagopoulou, Domenico Giusti, George E. Konidaris, Panagiotis Karkanas, Katerina Harvati
Lithic artifacts and bone tools from the Lower Palaeolithic site Marathousa 1, Megalopolis, Greece: Preliminary results
published pages: , ISSN: 1040-6182, DOI: 10.1016/j.quaint.2018.05.043
Quaternary International 2019-10-08
2018 Dimitrios Michailidis, George E. Konidaris, Athanassios Athanassiou, Eleni Panagopoulou, Katerina Harvati
The ornithological remains from Marathousa 1 (Middle Pleistocene; Megalopolis Basin, Greece)
published pages: , ISSN: 1040-6182, DOI: 10.1016/j.quaint.2018.06.045
Quaternary International 2019-10-08
2018 Eleni Panagopoulou, Vangelis Tourloukis, Nicholas Thompson, George Konidaris, Athanassios Athanassiou, Domenico Giusti, Georgia Tsartsidou, Panagiotis Karkanas, Katerina Harvati
The Lower Palaeolithic site of Marathousa 1, Megalopolis, Greece: Overview of the evidence
published pages: , ISSN: 1040-6182, DOI: 10.1016/j.quaint.2018.06.031
Quaternary International 2019-10-08
2017 George E. Konidaris, Athanassios Athanassiou, Vangelis Tourloukis, Nicholas Thompson, Domenico Giusti, Eleni Panagopoulou, Katerina Harvati
The skeleton of a straight-tusked elephant ( Palaeoloxodon antiquus ) and other large mammals from the Middle Pleistocene butchering locality Marathousa 1 (Megalopolis Basin, Greece): preliminary results
published pages: , ISSN: 1040-6182, DOI: 10.1016/j.quaint.2017.12.001
Quaternary International 2019-10-08

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