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ADAPTOMICS

Adaptations to temperature regimes in sponges: Genomic insights into the developmental and physiological evolutionary changes of early-branching metazoans

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EC-Contrib. €

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 ADAPTOMICS project word cloud

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Project "ADAPTOMICS" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
NATURAL HISTORY MUSEUM 

Organization address
address: CROMWELL ROAD
city: LONDON
postcode: SW7 5BD
website: http://www.nhm.ac.uk/

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country United Kingdom [UK]
 Project website https://www.nhm.ac.uk/our-science/departments-and-staff/staff-directory/nathan-kenny.html
 Total cost 195˙454 €
 EC max contribution 195˙454 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.3.2. (Nurturing excellence by means of cross-border and cross-sector mobility)
 Code Call H2020-MSCA-IF-2016
 Funding Scheme MSCA-IF-EF-ST
 Starting year 2017
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2017-06-01   to  2019-05-31

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    NATURAL HISTORY MUSEUM UK (LONDON) coordinator 195˙454.00

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 Project objective

Species which inhabit the Antarctic have evolved to exist in some of the most challenging conditions found anywhere on the planet. Marine creatures must cope with sea temperatures generally ranging between 0 to -1.8 degrees Celsius and a food supply which fluctuates widely from summer to winter, rendering their survival difficult. Nevertheless, species have found the means to thrive in such conditions. Their adaptation to cold environments will have included a host of genetic changes, and to date we still know little about the nature of these molecular adaptations, the way these act in vivo, and the exact benefits such changes confer.

I aim to investigate the molecular differences between congeneric species of sponge adapted to vastly differing thermal environments and find the means by which these species adapt to cold conditions. This will be approached in several ways, starting with transcriptomic sequencing of six species of sponges of genera Axinella, Mycale and Phorbas. These are abundant in the Antarctic, Caribbean and Mediterranean seas, and play essential roles in the benthic ecosystems in which they are found. Transcriptomic analyses will be supplemented by genomic sequencing, RNA in situ hybridization, molecular ecological and functional approaches.

This will allow me multiple means of assaying the molecular and population-level diversity of these sponges, and, specifically, how they have evolved to live in such cold environments. More broadly, these findings will allow us to begin to determine whether the same adaptive molecular mechanisms to extreme cold are used repeatedly across sponge and animal phylogeny. Any evidence of convergent evolution to extreme cold will suggest constraints on the means of adaptation. Similarly, novel molecular changes would be of great interest to a wide variety of fields. Our findings will therefore add substantially to a nascent area of enquiry, and provide a firm basis for future work both in these species and beyond.

 Publications

year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2019 Carlos Leiva, Sergi Taboada, Nathan J. Kenny, David Combosch, Gonzalo Giribet, Thibaut Jombart, Ana Riesgo
Population substructure and signals of divergent adaptive selection despite admixture in the sponge Dendrilla antarctica from shallow waters surrounding the Antarctic Peninsula
published pages: , ISSN: 0962-1083, DOI: 10.1111/mec.15135
Molecular Ecology 2019-10-31
2019 Nathan J Kenny, Bruna Plese, Ana Riesgo, Valeria B Itskovich
Symbiosis, Selection and Novelty: Freshwater Adaptation in the Unique Sponges of Lake Baikal
published pages: , ISSN: 0737-4038, DOI: 10.1093/molbev/msz151
Molecular Biology and Evolution 2019-10-31
2018 González-Aravena M, Kenny NJ, Osorio M, Font A, Riesgo A, Cárdenas C.
Warm Temperatures, Cool Sponges: The Effect of Increased Temperatures on the Antarctic Sponge Isodictya sp.
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI: 10.1101/416677
Biorxiv (but submitted for peer review) 2019-10-31
2019 Bruna Plese, Maria Eleonora Rossi, Nathan James Kenny, Sergi Taboada, Vasiliki Koutsouveli, Ana Riesgo
Trimitomics: An efficient pipeline for mitochondrial assembly from transcriptomic reads in nonmodel species
published pages: , ISSN: 1755-098X, DOI: 10.1111/1755-0998.13033
Molecular Ecology Resources 2019-10-31

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