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LEAF-OF-LIFE SIGNED

Photosynthetic energy balance, chloroplast integrity, carbon flow and epigenetic regulation of isoprenoid biosynthesis during leaf development and senescence

Total Cost €

0

EC-Contrib. €

0

Partnership

0

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 LEAF-OF-LIFE project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the LEAF-OF-LIFE project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "LEAF-OF-LIFE" about.

poplar    exclusively    delay    intended    genomics    basis    isotope    analytical    mep    acid    youth    cascades    tracing    predicting    age    monitoring    autumn    isoprenoids    plantations    estimation    leaves    biosynthesis    spearheading    trajectories    antioxidant    methyl    isoprenoid    regulatory    stable    demands    trees    models    synthesizes    discovery    time    plastome    plantation    abiotic    stress    erythritol    tree    alter    volatile    mechanistic    quantification    life    crop    integrity    wheat    model    regulation    almost    thorough    crops    relationship    play    supplied    species    arabidopsis    combining    phenology    hydrocarbons    epigenome    epigenomic    active    energy    balance    carotenoids    natural    versatile    chloroplast    utilising    senescence    cytokinins    phosphate    abscisic    techniques    photosynthesis    gene    plant    pigments    quantify    class    photoprotective    relationships    sequencing    span    carbon    deciduous    global    hormone    quantitative    leaf   

Project "LEAF-OF-LIFE" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
CONSIGLIO NAZIONALE DELLE RICERCHE 

Organization address
address: PIAZZALE ALDO MORO 7
city: ROMA
postcode: 185
website: www.cnr.it

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Italy [IT]
 Project website http://www.ipsp.cnr.it/projects/leaf-of-life/
 Total cost 180˙277 €
 EC max contribution 180˙277 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.3.2. (Nurturing excellence by means of cross-border and cross-sector mobility)
 Code Call H2020-MSCA-IF-2016
 Funding Scheme MSCA-IF-EF-ST
 Starting year 2017
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2017-06-01   to  2019-05-31

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    CONSIGLIO NAZIONALE DELLE RICERCHE IT (ROMA) coordinator 180˙277.00

Map

 Project objective

The methyl erythritol phosphate (MEP) pathway in the chloroplast synthesizes isoprenoids (a class of hydrocarbons) by almost exclusively utilising carbon and energy supplied by photosynthesis in plant leaves. Volatile isoprenoids (antioxidant hydrocarbons), isoprenoid-type cytokinins (plant ‘youth’ hormone), carotenoids (photoprotective pigments), and abscisic acid (plant ‘stress’ hormone) are some of the active isoprenoid end-products of the MEP pathway that play a role in leaf senescence. We aim to quantify and model age-specific relationships between photosynthesis and MEP pathway during natural and abiotic-stress induced leaf senescence in three different plant systems: wheat (a crop), poplar (a plantation tree) and Arabidopsis (the model species for genomics). By combining leaf age-specific chloroplast energy balance estimation through photosynthesis modelling, quantification of carbon demands of isoprenoid biosynthesis using stable isotope tracing and advanced real-time analytical techniques, monitoring plastome and chloroplast integrity, and whole-epigenome sequencing, LEAF-OF-LIFE will (i) develop a versatile quantitative method for predicting leaf senescence trajectories based on the relationship between photosynthesis and isoprenoid biosynthesis during senescence and (ii) identify novel gene cascades involved in epigenomic regulation of the MEP pathway during natural and abiotic stress-induced leaf senescence. A thorough understanding of leaf age-specific changes in energy and carbon demands of isoprenoid biosynthesis will provide a strong mechanistic basis to phenology models of autumn senescence in deciduous trees. Discovery of novel gene regulatory cascades involved in age-specific changes in isoprenoid biosynthesis will be spearheading new research intended to target MEP pathway so as to alter leaf life span (delay stress-induced leaf senescence) in major global crops and plantations.

 Publications

year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2019 Kaidala Ganesha Srikanta Dani, Ullasa Kodandaramaiah
Ageing in trees: Role of body size optimization in demographic senescence
published pages: 41-51, ISSN: 1433-8319, DOI: 10.1016/j.ppees.2018.10.002
Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 36 2019-08-29

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