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MitoDyaD

The role of the glucocorticoid receptor in dopaminoceptive neurons in mitochondrial dysfunction and vulnerability to depression

Total Cost €

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EC-Contrib. €

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Partnership

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Project "MitoDyaD" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
ECOLE POLYTECHNIQUE FEDERALE DE LAUSANNE 

Organization address
address: BATIMENT CE 3316 STATION 1
city: LAUSANNE
postcode: 1015
website: www.epfl.ch

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Switzerland [CH]
 Total cost 187˙419 €
 EC max contribution 187˙419 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.3.2. (Nurturing excellence by means of cross-border and cross-sector mobility)
 Code Call H2020-MSCA-IF-2016
 Funding Scheme MSCA-IF-EF-ST
 Starting year 2017
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2017-05-01   to  2019-04-30

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    ECOLE POLYTECHNIQUE FEDERALE DE LAUSANNE CH (LAUSANNE) coordinator 187˙419.00

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 Project objective

Depression is considered as a common mental illness worldwide affecting around 350 million people. Chronic stress is a major risk factor for its development. Interestingly, individuals can differ in the way of coping with chronic stress and are either prone (vulnerable) or resistant (resilient) to develop depression. High anxiety-trait is a vulnerability factor to develop stress-induced depression. Furthermore, it was also linked with mitochondrial dysfunction in the nucleus accumbens and in the establishment of social hierarchies in rodents. These observations suggest an important role of mitochondria in the vulnerability to develop stress-induced depression. The glucocorticoid receptor that is activated upon stress was recently shown to regulate mitochondrial function and gene transcription. Our own data show that expression of the glucocorticoid receptor is altered in animals with high anxiety-trait correlating with the expression of several mitochondrial genes. Thus, our central hypothesis is that vulnerability to develop depression is caused by a glucocorticoid receptor-mediated dysfunction of mitochondria in the nucleus accumbens. This project will address this idea in the mouse model showing considerable individual differences in stress-induced psychopathology-like behavior. We will first examine the role of the glucocorticoid receptor in vulnerability to stress-induced depression by performing comprehensive behavioral studies. We will then evaluate the impact of the glucocorticoid receptor on mitochondrial function and structure. Lastly, we will apply a pharmacological approach aiming to mitigate stress-induced depression caused by physiological changes given by the glucocorticoid receptor. This will lead to the understanding of the contribution of the glucocorticoid receptor in the nucleus accumbens to define vulnerability and resilience to develop stress-induced depression, and might lead to novel therapeutics for counteracting stress-induced depression.

 Publications

year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2018 Meltem Weger, Carmen Sandi
High anxiety trait: A vulnerable phenotype for stress-induced depression
published pages: 27-37, ISSN: 0149-7634, DOI: 10.1016/j.neubiorev.2018.01.012
Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews 87 2019-09-25

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