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Subsistence and human resilience to sudden climatic events in Europe during MIS3

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






 SUBSILIENCE project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the SUBSILIENCE project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "SUBSILIENCE" about.

strategies    oscillations    modern    abundance    acute    taphonomic    episodes    environmental    survival    southern    estimation    local    ecology    environment    extinction    terrestrial    behavioural    subsilience    neanderthals    anatomically    producing    climatic    unravel    middle    catastrophic    push    relevance    climate    subsistence    properly    located    adaptive    causes    estimate    innovative    threatening    archaeological    amh    questions    human    answers    sheets    first    critically    stable    palaeolithic    transition    trigger    outcomes    colonization    changing    ecosystems    explore    multidisciplinary    ecosystem    ice    resilience    accurate    framework    zooarchaeological    dated    abrupt    demise    capacity    patterns    time    recorded    favoured    skills    species    prey    prehistory    coping    sites    rapid    polar    isotopes    exact    upper    flexibility    had    humans    animals    pan    depends    concerning    procedure    neanderthal    reconstructed    accurately    continuous    peninsulas   

Project "SUBSILIENCE" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
postcode: 39005

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Spain [ES]
 Total cost 2˙000˙000 €
 EC max contribution 2˙000˙000 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2018-COG
 Funding Scheme ERC-COG
 Starting year 2019
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2019-06-01   to  2024-05-31


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    UNIVERSIDAD DE CANTABRIA ES (SANTANDER) coordinator 2˙000˙000.00


 Project objective

Climate has long been proposed as a possible trigger-factor for the extinction of Neanderthals and the rapid colonization of Europe by Anatomically Modern Humans (AMH). Abrupt and acute oscillations of climate, as recorded from polar ice sheets, are particularly threatening as they can push ecosystems towards catastrophic outcomes. Under these conditions, the survival of a species critically depends on their adaptive skills. Understanding the exact role that these episodes could have had in the Middle to Upper Palaeolithic transition is then essential to unravel the real causes of Neanderthal demise and AMH success. To do this, SUBSILIENCE will identify the subsistence strategies adopted by both human species in response to those climatic changes at 20 key archaeological sites located across southern European peninsulas. By applying zooarchaeological and taphonomic analyses, the behavioural flexibility and resilience of each human species will be assessed. In addition, to enable effective testing, local terrestrial climatic and environmental conditions will be accurately reconstructed using stable isotopes from animals consumed, producing a unique, continuous and properly-dated general environmental framework, improving existing knowledge. Finally, to further explore the problem, an innovative procedure to estimate prey abundance, ecology and human behaviour, involving the estimation of the ecosystem carrying capacity, will be developed. This multidisciplinary and novel approach will provide, for the first time, accurate answers to questions concerning a) which particular subsistence patterns (if any) favoured AMH over Neanderthals while coping with the changing environment and b) the extent to which climatic oscillations affected Neanderthal extinction. In this, it will be of relevance to the study of Prehistory on a pan-European scale.

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The information about "SUBSILIENCE" are provided by the European Opendata Portal: CORDIS opendata.

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