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MEDEA-CHART SIGNED

The Medieval and Early Modern Nautical Chart: Birth, Evolution and Use

Total Cost €

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EC-Contrib. €

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Partnership

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Project "MEDEA-CHART" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
FCIENCIAS.ID - ASSOCIACAO PARA A INVESTIGACAO E DESENVOLVIMENTO DE CIENCIAS 

Organization address
address: CAMPO GRANDE, EDIFICIO C1, PISO 3
city: LISBON
postcode: 1749 016
website: http://www.fciencias-id.pt

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Portugal [PT]
 Total cost 1˙231˙319 €
 EC max contribution 1˙231˙319 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2016-STG
 Funding Scheme ERC-STG
 Starting year 2017
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2017-06-01   to  2022-05-31

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    FCIENCIAS.ID - ASSOCIACAO PARA A INVESTIGACAO E DESENVOLVIMENTO DE CIENCIAS PT (LISBON) coordinator 1˙231˙319.00

Map

 Project objective

Of all the technical and scientific developments that made possible the early modern maritime expansion, the nautical chart is perhaps the least studied and understood. This fact is very surprising as it was through those charts that the newly discovered world was first shown to the amazed eyes of the European nations. Although the History of Cartography is a well-established academic discipline and old charts have been examined for many years, their detailed technical study is still in its infancy. What is the origin of the pre-Mercator nautical chart, how charts evolved technically over time and how they were used at sea are all critical questions that remain to be answered. I intend to approach these challenges in a truly interdisciplinary way, by using innovative and powerful tools as a complement to the traditional methods of historical research: analytical cartometric methods, numerical modelling and the examination of the manuscripts through special lighting. By applying these tools to a large sample of charts of various periods and origins, I aim to unveil hidden graphic content related to their construction and use, to characterize their main geometric features, to establish meaningful connections with contemporary navigational methods and exploration missions, and to numerically simulate their construction by taking into account the explanations given in the textual sources. The effectiveness of those techniques has already been demonstrated in my previous studies, such as in the solution of an historical enigma which had been alive for more than a century: the construction of the Mercator projection, in 1569. Now, I propose to handle a broader and more complex set of questions, which has eluded the historians of cartography for even a longer period. The clarification of these issues will have a ground-breaking impact, not only in the strict field of the History of Cartography, but also in the context of the intellectual history at large.

 Publications

year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2019 Joaquim Alves Gaspar, Henrique Leitão
Early Modern Nautical Charts and Maps: Working Through Different Cartographic Paradigms
published pages: 1-28, ISSN: 1385-3783, DOI: 10.1163/15700658-12342627
Journal of Early Modern History 23/1 2020-01-30
2018 Gonçalo A. S. Dias
Investigating Beccari’s Claims with New Cartometric Methods
published pages: 121-181, ISSN: 1790-3769, DOI:
e-Perimetron 13,3 2020-01-30
2019 Joaquim Alves Gaspar, Gregory McIntosh, Henrique Leitão, Bruno Almeida, Carlos Godinho, Jaume Sastre-Juan, André Ferrand Almeida, Samuel Gessner, Francisco Malta Romeiras, Luana Giurgevitch, Ana Duarte Rodrigues, Jorge Nuno Silva, Teresa Nobre de Carvalho, Nuno Castel-Branco, Luís Tirapicos, Gonçalo Dias.
A Redondeza da Terra e Outras Histórias da Ciência e da Cartografia
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
May 2019 2020-01-30
2018 Joaquim Alves Gaspar, Henrique Leitão
Luís Teixeira, c.1585: The Earliest Known Chart with Isogonic Lines
published pages: 221-228, ISSN: 0308-5694, DOI: 10.1080/03085694.2018.1450554
Imago Mundi 70/2 2019-02-28
2018 Joaquim Alves Gaspar, Henrique Leitão
What is a nautical chart, really? Uncovering the geometry of early modern nautical charts
published pages: 130-136, ISSN: 1296-2074, DOI: 10.1016/j.culher.2017.09.008
Journal of Cultural Heritage 29 2019-02-28
2018 Joaquim Alves Gaspar
The Liber de existencia riveriarum ( c .1200) and the Birth of Nautical Cartography
published pages: 1-21, ISSN: 0308-5694, DOI: 10.1080/03085694.2019.1529898
Imago Mundi 71/1 2019-02-28

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The information about "MEDEA-CHART" are provided by the European Opendata Portal: CORDIS opendata.

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