Explore the words cloud of the OOID project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "OOID" about.
The following table provides information about the project.
WEIZMANN INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE
|Coordinator Country||Israel [IL]|
|Total cost||1˙490˙596 €|
|EC max contribution||1˙490˙596 € (100%)|
1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
|Duration (year-month-day)||from 2018-09-01 to 2023-08-31|
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|1||WEIZMANN INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE||IL (REHOVOT)||coordinator||1˙490˙596.00|
The isotopic composition of O in seawater is a fundamental property of Earth's oceans, key to paleoclimate reconstructions and to our understanding of the origin of water on Earth, the water-rock reactions that govern seawater chemistry, and the conditions under which life emerged. Despite more than five decades of research, the geologic history of seawater 18O/16O remains a topic of intense debate. Without exception, well-preserved 18O/16O records from marine precipitates reflect both the minerals' formation temperature, and the isotopic composition of seawater. This duality has prevented unique interpretation of a long-term secular trend, in which 18O/16O in sedimentary rocks (e.g., carbonates, cherts) has increased by ~15 ‰ since the Archean. Here I outline an inter-disciplinary research program to address this fundamental problem, which integrates new geochemical observations, laboratory experiments, and numerical models.
We will generate geologic records of 18O/16O in two previously untapped repositories: iron oxides and iron-bearing authigenic clays. Several characteristics of both, and preliminary results, suggest that these repositories hold the potential to settle the long-standing debate about seawater 18O/16O. We will determine the temperature dependence of mineral-water O isotope fractionation in laboratory experiments and observations of natural systems. We will experimentally test the resistance of these minerals to O isotope exchange under geologically-relevant conditions, with the aim of evaluating the potential for late-stage isotopic resetting. Finally, we will develop models of the marine O isotope cycle, which account for the processes that govern seawater 18O/16O over long timescales, and which will be used to provide a quantitative understanding of the new records. With these new insights, we will explore implications for the geologic history of seawater chemistry, atmospheric composition, climate and biology.
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