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transLEISHion SIGNED

A targeted knockout screen for identification of Leishmania membrane transporters required for infection of macrophages

Total Cost €

0

EC-Contrib. €

0

Partnership

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 transLEISHion project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the transLEISHion project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "transLEISHion" about.

unclear    largely    membrane    systematic    amastigote    host    genes    anti    expressed    bite    generation    disease    encoding    causative    transmitted    library    defence    cas9    cellular    mechanisms    extensively    amastigotes    macrophage    kinetoplastida    leishmaniases    mexicana    transcriptomic    infection    diseases    genome    mutants    form    identification    drug    knockout    formulations    drugs    intrinsic    harsh    leishmania    gene    first    proliferates    parasite    nutrient    immune    macrophages    time    uncharacterized    roles    48    functions    differentiation    molecular    proposes    it    parasitic    allowed    functional    efforts    survival    attack    subvert    hundreds    despite    world    urging    interactions    promastigote    modern    proteins    upregulated    leishmanias    cheaper    hitherto    editing    phagolysosome    pathogen    forms    transporters    manipulation    safer    thanks    sand    intracellular    crispr    overexpressed    drawbacks    treatment    acute    throughput    biology    mediated    viability    unexplored    rapid    surface    peptidases    cell    agent    fly   

Project "transLEISHion" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
THE CHANCELLOR, MASTERS AND SCHOLARS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD 

Organization address
address: WELLINGTON SQUARE UNIVERSITY OFFICES
city: OXFORD
postcode: OX1 2JD
website: www.ox.ac.uk

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country United Kingdom [UK]
 Total cost 195˙454 €
 EC max contribution 195˙454 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.3.2. (Nurturing excellence by means of cross-border and cross-sector mobility)
 Code Call H2020-MSCA-IF-2017
 Funding Scheme MSCA-IF-EF-ST
 Starting year 2018
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2018-09-01   to  2020-08-31

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    THE CHANCELLOR, MASTERS AND SCHOLARS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD UK (OXFORD) coordinator 195˙454.00

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 Project objective

Leishmaniases are among the world's most neglected diseases. It´s causative agent - Leishmania - is transmitted by the bite of a sand fly. In the host, the parasite is taken up by macrophages and proliferates in the harsh conditions of the host phagolysosome. Currently available drugs for treatment present major drawbacks, urging the need for more effective, safer, and cheaper drugs. The molecular and cellular mechanisms that enable Leishmania to subvert macrophage defence mechanisms and cause disease remain largely unclear. Thanks to modern comparative transcriptomic analysis, the identification of hundreds of genes overexpressed in intracellular amastigote forms was possible for the first time and identified cell surface proteins, transporters, peptidases and many uncharacterized genes with possible roles in host-pathogen interactions. Only recently, a high-throughput gene editing method based on CRISPR-Cas9 allowed for the first time easy manipulation of Leishmanias´ complex genome and rapid functional analysis of genes. For over 50 years membrane transporters have been extensively studied in kinetoplastida, due to their role in the intrinsic parasite nutrient needs, defence from host immune attack and uptake of drug formulations. Despite these efforts a large number of such transporters expressed in amastigotes remain uncharacterized. The present project proposes (1) the generation of a library of 48 L. mexicana mutants by systematic CRISPR-Cas9 mediated knockout of amastigote-upregulated genes encoding membrane transporters, (2) Identification of membrane transporters required for viability of the promastigote parasite form and the (3) Identification of membrane transporters required for differentiation into amastigotes, macrophage infection, intracellular survival. The results of this project are expected to provide new insight into functions of hitherto unexplored aspects of amastigote biology and identify potential new targets for anti-parasitic drugs.

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The information about "TRANSLEISHION" are provided by the European Opendata Portal: CORDIS opendata.

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