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Gut_Fights_PD SIGNED

Investigating protective mechanisms of gut bacteria in C. elegans models of Parkinson’s disease

Total Cost €

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EC-Contrib. €

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Partnership

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Project "Gut_Fights_PD" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
THE UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH 

Organization address
address: OLD COLLEGE, SOUTH BRIDGE
city: EDINBURGH
postcode: EH8 9YL
website: www.ed.ac.uk

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country United Kingdom [UK]
 Total cost 183˙454 €
 EC max contribution 183˙454 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.3.2. (Nurturing excellence by means of cross-border and cross-sector mobility)
 Code Call H2020-MSCA-IF-2017
 Funding Scheme MSCA-IF-EF-ST
 Starting year 2019
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2019-09-01   to  2021-08-31

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    THE UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH UK (EDINBURGH) coordinator 183˙454.00

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 Project objective

The recent discovery that the composition of the gut microbiota can influence the symptoms of neurodegenerative diseases is a paradigm shift in how we view these conditions. In Parkinson’s disease (PD), patients frequently experience gastrointestinal symptoms years before the development of motor deficits and recent studies reveal clear alterations in the gut microbiota composition at advanced stages, which correlate with severity of their symptoms. Therefore, understanding the molecular mechanisms by which gut bacteria interact with the host to affect the nervous system may uncover novel prognostic and therapeutic strategies for neurological diseases. To address this gap of knowledge, we propose a single bacteria-worm model as a genetically tractable system to mechanistically investigate the connection between bacterial metabolites produced in the gut and neurodegeneration. Preliminary data from the lab on a protein aggregation model of PD in C. elegans, show a strong protective effect of a human probiotic bacterial species on α-synuclein aggregation, a well-established factor in Parkinson’s disease. The aim of this project is to understand the mechanisms through which the probiotic bacteria act to protect from α-syn aggregation and the nature of the response induced in the nematode. We are proposing a bidirectional strategy, manipulating genetically both players in this interaction, the bacteria and the nematode. Using a candidate molecular approach based on available data and an unbiased high-throughput analysis, we expect to elucidate new metabolic pathways employed by the bacteria to modulate protein aggregation as well as the molecular mechanisms that elicit this response in the nematode. By directly testing on various C. elegans models of PD the pharmacological effect of the discovered beneficial metabolites, we will identify specific neuroprotective compounds with future therapeutic potential.

 Publications

year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2020 María Eugenia Goya, Feng Xue, Cristina Sampedro-Torres-Quevedo, Sofia Arnaouteli, Lourdes Riquelme-Dominguez, Andrés Romanowski, Jack Brydon, Kathryn L. Ball, Nicola R. Stanley-Wall, Maria Doitsidou
Probiotic Bacillus subtilis Protects against α-Synuclein Aggregation in C. elegans
published pages: 367-380.e7, ISSN: 2211-1247, DOI: 10.1016/j.celrep.2019.12.078
Cell Reports 30/2 2020-02-06

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