Opendata, web and dolomites

REEFCLAM SIGNED

GSnapshots of tropical Pacific climate variability during the time of Lapita ocean voyaging: giant clam fossils from Fijian shell middens as high resolution archives of climate information.

Total Cost €

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EC-Contrib. €

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Partnership

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 REEFCLAM project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the REEFCLAM project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "REEFCLAM" about.

age    socioeconomic       environmental    multiple    tool    ni    clam    earth    dense    stable    marry    reducing    hypothesis    sea    food    people    spanning    sensitive    resolved    accurately    sub    exploited    dramatic    reconstruct    salinity    isotope    region    modern    middens    lapita    platform    geochemical    generate    simulating    fast    opportunity    profiles    oscillation    climate    century    coincided    data    community    clams    midden    wpwp    record    rainfall    rapid    analysed    predictions    ntilde    humanities    bands    events    sciences    proxy    pacific    linked    records    patterns    reefclam    abundant    valued    surprisingly    snapshot    vital    frequent    stitched    annually    eastward    global    calibrations    paleoclimate    giant    decadal    shell    ocean    fiji    southern    el    decades    lived    industrial    archives    subsampled    valuable    pulse    voyaging    variability    spcz    surface    shells    tropical    westerlies    mid    trace    temperature    supply    reaching    21st    annual    first    colonisation    holocene    anomalies   

Project "REEFCLAM" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
CARDIFF UNIVERSITY 

Organization address
address: NEWPORT ROAD 30-36
city: CARDIFF
postcode: CF24 ODE
website: www.cardiff.ac.uk

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country United Kingdom [UK]
 Total cost 212˙933 €
 EC max contribution 212˙933 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.3.2. (Nurturing excellence by means of cross-border and cross-sector mobility)
 Code Call H2020-MSCA-IF-2018
 Funding Scheme MSCA-IF-EF-RI
 Starting year 2020
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2020-04-10   to  2022-04-09

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    CARDIFF UNIVERSITY UK (CARDIFF) coordinator 212˙933.00

Map

 Project objective

Records of pre-industrial climate change are vital for accurately simulating Earth’s climate system and reducing uncertainty in 21st century climate predictions. Giant clams are particularly valuable archives of past climate as they are fast-growing, long-lived, and their dense shells have annual growth bands that can be subsampled and analysed to produce sub-annually resolved climate proxy records spanning multiple decades. Furthermore, they are common in the tropical Pacific, where paleoclimate data is particularly valued as sub-annual to decadal-scale changes in this region have been linked to dramatic global temperature and rainfall anomalies with far-reaching socioeconomic and environmental effects. Giant clams are/were a common food and tool supply in the tropical Pacific, and are abundant in Lapita-age shell middens, providing unique opportunities for paleoclimate research that have surprisingly not been exploited.

In REEFCLAM, I will use giant clam shells in a ~3,000 year old shell midden to generate the first sub-annually resolved record of pre-industrial climate variability in Fiji. Specifically, trace element and stable isotope profiles across multiple shells will be generated and stitched together, and used to reconstruct patterns of variability in sea surface temperature and salinity. Fiji’s climate is highly sensitive to changes in the SPCZ and WPWP, and so these records will provide a snapshot of Mid-Late Holocene variability relating to the El Niño Southern Oscillation that will be of great value to the climate community. I will generate the first modern clam-based geochemical proxy calibrations for Fiji providing an important platform for future work. Importantly, the data will be also used to test the hypothesis that the pulse of eastward ocean voyaging by the Lapita people and their rapid colonisation of the Pacific coincided with more frequent El Niño events (more westerlies), a novel opportunity to marry the sciences and the humanities.

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The information about "REEFCLAM" are provided by the European Opendata Portal: CORDIS opendata.

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