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REEFCLAM SIGNED

GSnapshots of tropical Pacific climate variability during the time of Lapita ocean voyaging: giant clam fossils from Fijian shell middens as high resolution archives of climate information.

Total Cost €

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EC-Contrib. €

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Partnership

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 REEFCLAM project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the REEFCLAM project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "REEFCLAM" about.

data       reefclam    earth    records    valued    frequent    opportunity    reducing    middens    fast    sub    environmental    temperature    rainfall    southern    age    stable    ni    tool    surface    salinity    subsampled    anomalies    sciences    eastward    reaching    lived    shells    archives    first    community    global    ocean    reconstruct    accurately    snapshot    hypothesis    dramatic    resolved    supply    analysed    trace    linked    shell    region    events    exploited    el    spanning    geochemical    tropical    lapita    paleoclimate    abundant    people    valuable    surprisingly    food    century    industrial    dense    sensitive    variability    oscillation    decadal    coincided    voyaging    climate    generate    annually    westerlies    mid    decades    sea    pulse    annual    multiple    midden    ntilde    proxy    stitched    predictions    bands    spcz    modern    platform    vital    wpwp    rapid    clams    21st    marry    holocene    profiles    calibrations    humanities    fiji    record    socioeconomic    isotope    patterns    pacific    clam    giant    simulating    colonisation   

Project "REEFCLAM" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
CARDIFF UNIVERSITY 

Organization address
address: NEWPORT ROAD 30-36
city: CARDIFF
postcode: CF24 ODE
website: www.cardiff.ac.uk

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country United Kingdom [UK]
 Total cost 212˙933 €
 EC max contribution 212˙933 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.3.2. (Nurturing excellence by means of cross-border and cross-sector mobility)
 Code Call H2020-MSCA-IF-2018
 Funding Scheme MSCA-IF-EF-RI
 Starting year 2020
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2020-04-10   to  2022-04-09

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    CARDIFF UNIVERSITY UK (CARDIFF) coordinator 212˙933.00

Map

 Project objective

Records of pre-industrial climate change are vital for accurately simulating Earth’s climate system and reducing uncertainty in 21st century climate predictions. Giant clams are particularly valuable archives of past climate as they are fast-growing, long-lived, and their dense shells have annual growth bands that can be subsampled and analysed to produce sub-annually resolved climate proxy records spanning multiple decades. Furthermore, they are common in the tropical Pacific, where paleoclimate data is particularly valued as sub-annual to decadal-scale changes in this region have been linked to dramatic global temperature and rainfall anomalies with far-reaching socioeconomic and environmental effects. Giant clams are/were a common food and tool supply in the tropical Pacific, and are abundant in Lapita-age shell middens, providing unique opportunities for paleoclimate research that have surprisingly not been exploited.

In REEFCLAM, I will use giant clam shells in a ~3,000 year old shell midden to generate the first sub-annually resolved record of pre-industrial climate variability in Fiji. Specifically, trace element and stable isotope profiles across multiple shells will be generated and stitched together, and used to reconstruct patterns of variability in sea surface temperature and salinity. Fiji’s climate is highly sensitive to changes in the SPCZ and WPWP, and so these records will provide a snapshot of Mid-Late Holocene variability relating to the El Niño Southern Oscillation that will be of great value to the climate community. I will generate the first modern clam-based geochemical proxy calibrations for Fiji providing an important platform for future work. Importantly, the data will be also used to test the hypothesis that the pulse of eastward ocean voyaging by the Lapita people and their rapid colonisation of the Pacific coincided with more frequent El Niño events (more westerlies), a novel opportunity to marry the sciences and the humanities.

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The information about "REEFCLAM" are provided by the European Opendata Portal: CORDIS opendata.

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